Wirrabara, South Australia

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Wirrabara
South Australia
Wirrabara is located in South Australia
Wirrabara
Wirrabara
Coordinates33°02′09″S 138°16′09″E / 33.035904°S 138.26923°E / -33.035904; 138.26923Coordinates: 33°02′09″S 138°16′09″E / 33.035904°S 138.26923°E / -33.035904; 138.26923[1]
Population
Established13 August 1874 (town)
13 March 1997 (locality)[4][5]
Postcode(s)5481
Elevation329 m (1,079 ft)[citation needed]
LGA(s)District Council of Mount Remarkable
State electorate(s)Electoral district of Stuart
Federal Division(s)Division of Grey
Localities around Wirrabara:
Bangor Wongyarra Booleroo Centre
Telowie Wirrabara Appila
Beetaloo Valley, Nelshaby Stone Hut Caltowie West

Wirrabara is a town and a locality in South Australia.[1] Wirrabara is located in the Southern Flinders Ranges in the Mid North of South Australia, along the Rocky River. The Horrocks Highway (Main North Road) passes through the town.

At the 2016 census, the locality had a population of 403 of which 230 lived in its town centre.[2][3]

A timber milling industry was established in Wirrabara during the early 1850s. The town was surveyed in 1874. In 1877 the first government forest nursery in Australia was planted in the nearby Wirrabara forest. The town's name is a corruption of the Aboriginal name Wirrabirra which means gum forest and running water.[6] The Wilmington railway line was extended north from Gladstone and Laura through Wirrabara and Booleroo Centre to Wilmington in the 1910s after the locals had been pleading with the government to build it for many years.[7][8][9]

The historic Copper Mine Chimney, Wirrabara on Main North Road, a remnant of the former Charlton mine, is listed on the South Australian Heritage Register.[10]

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b "Search results for 'Wirrabara, LOCB' with the following datasets selected – 'Suburbs and Localities', 'Government Towns', 'Counties', 'Local Government Areas', 'SA Government Regions' and 'Gazetteer'". Location SA Map Viewer. South Australian Government. Retrieved 29 April 2018.
  2. ^ a b Australian Bureau of Statistics (27 June 2017). "Wirrabara (Urban Centre/Locality)". 2016 Census QuickStats. Retrieved 29 April 2018. Edit this at Wikidata
  3. ^ a b Australian Bureau of Statistics (27 June 2017). "Wirrabara (state suburb)". 2016 Census QuickStats. Retrieved 29 April 2018. Edit this at Wikidata
  4. ^ Musgrave, A. (13 August 1874). "Untitled proclamation (for the Township of Wirrabara)" (PDF). The South Australian Government gazette. South Australian Government. p. 1578. Retrieved 29 April 2018.
  5. ^ Kentish, P.M. (13 March 1997). "GEOGRAPHICAL NAMES ACT 1991 Notice to Assign Names and Boundaries to Places" (PDF). The South Australian Government gazette. South Australian Government. p. 1177. Retrieved 29 April 2018.
  6. ^ "Placename Details: Wirrabara". Property Location Browser. Department of Planning, Transport and Infrastructure. 1 August 2013. SA0044201. Retrieved 3 September 2015.
  7. ^ "MEETING AT WIRRABARA". Adelaide Observer. SA. 15 March 1884. p. 38. Retrieved 3 September 2015 – via National Library of Australia.
  8. ^ "LAURA TO WIRRABARA RAILWAY". The Observer. Adelaide. 18 March 1905. p. 1 Supplement: The Observer Country Supplement. Retrieved 3 September 2015 – via National Library of Australia.
  9. ^ "WIRRABARA RAILWAY FACILITIES". Daily Herald. Adelaide. 15 April 1916. p. 4. Retrieved 3 September 2015 – via National Library of Australia.
  10. ^ "Copper Mine Chimney [Welsh], Charlton Run". South Australian Heritage Register. Department of Environment, Water and Natural Resources. Retrieved 12 February 2016.