Wirrabara, South Australia

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South Australia
Wirrabara is located in South Australia
Coordinates 33°01′52″S 138°16′07″E / 33.0311°S 138.2686°E / -33.0311; 138.2686Coordinates: 33°01′52″S 138°16′07″E / 33.0311°S 138.2686°E / -33.0311; 138.2686
Postcode(s) 5481
Elevation 329 m (1,079 ft)
LGA(s) District Council of Mount Remarkable
State electorate(s) Electoral district of Stuart
Federal Division(s) Division of Grey
Localities around Wirrabara:
Bangor Wongyarra Booleroo Centre
Telowie Wirrabara Appila
Beetaloo Valley, Nelshaby Stone Hut Caltowie West

Wirrabara is a settlement in South Australia.[1] At the 2006 census, Wirrabara had a population of 251.[2]

Wirrabara is located in the Southern Flinders Ranges in the Mid North of South Australia, along the Rocky River. The Horrocks Highway (Main North Road) passes through the town.

A timber milling industry was established in Wirrabara during the early 1850s. The town was surveyed in 1874. In 1877 the first government forest nursery in Australia was planted in the nearby Wirrabara forest. The town's name is a corruption of the Aboriginal name Wirrabirra which means gum forest and running water.[3] The Wilmington railway line was extended north from Gladstone and Laura through Wirrabara and Booleroo Centre to Wilmington in the 1910s after the locals had been pleading with the government to build it for many years.[4][5][6]

The historic Copper Mine Chimney, Wirrabara on Main North Road, a remnant of the former Charlton mine, is listed on the South Australian Heritage Register.[7]


  1. ^ "2905.0 - Statistical Geography: Volume 2 -- Census Geographic Areas, Australia, 2006". Australian Bureau of Statistics. Retrieved 8 December 2009. 
  2. ^ Australian Bureau of Statistics (25 October 2007). "Wirrabara (L) (Urban Centre/Locality)". 2006 Census QuickStats. Retrieved 30 October 2011. 
  3. ^ "Placename Details: Wirrabara". Property Location Browser. Department of Planning, Transport and Infrastructure. 1 August 2013. SA0044201. Retrieved 3 September 2015. 
  4. ^ "MEETING AT WIRRABARA.". Adelaide Observer. SA. 15 March 1884. p. 38. Retrieved 3 September 2015 – via National Library of Australia. 
  5. ^ "LAURA TO WIRRABARA RAILWAY.". The Observer. Adelaide. 18 March 1905. p. 1 Supplement: The Observer Country Supplement. Retrieved 3 September 2015 – via National Library of Australia. 
  6. ^ "WIRRABARA RAILWAY FACILITIES.". Daily Herald. Adelaide. 15 April 1916. p. 4. Retrieved 3 September 2015 – via National Library of Australia. 
  7. ^ "Copper Mine Chimney [Welsh], Charlton Run". South Australian Heritage Register. Department of Environment, Water and Natural Resources. Retrieved 12 February 2016.