Wisbech St Mary

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Wisbech St Mary
St Mary's church in Wisbech St Mary - geograph.org.uk - 2222832.jpg
St. Mary's Church, Wisbech St Mary
Wisbech St Mary is located in Cambridgeshire
Wisbech St Mary
Wisbech St Mary
Location within Cambridgeshire
Population3,556 (2011)
OS grid referenceTF421060
Shire county
Region
CountryEngland
Sovereign stateUnited Kingdom
Post townWisbech
Postcode districtPE13
List of places
UK
England
Cambridgeshire
52°38′N 0°06′E / 52.63°N 0.1°E / 52.63; 0.1Coordinates: 52°38′N 0°06′E / 52.63°N 0.1°E / 52.63; 0.1

Wisbech St Mary is a village in the Fenland district of Cambridgeshire, England. It is 2 miles (3 km) west of the town of Wisbech. It lies between two roads, the B1169 and the A47. The population (including Guyhirn and Thorney Toll) of the civil parish at the 2011 Census was 3,556.[1]

History[edit]

In the later Middle Ages various subordinate manors were located in the parish including Hiptofts, Jacketts, Tuddenham Hall and Bevis Hall.

About 1400 Edward and John Hiptoft had a licence for an oratory in their house on or near the site of Hiptoft Farm, about a mile east of Murrow and a mile west of St. Mary's village. In 1476 Isabel, wife of Sir William Norreys and widow of John Nevile, Marquess of Montagu, held 100 shillins rents of assize in Wisbech, known as 'Hiptofts rent'. The manor of Hiptofts was in 1525-6 settled by Christopher Coote and Elizabeth his wife on John Huddleston and others, together with the fishery and 40 shillings rent in Wisbech and Leverington. By 1620 it was held by Humphrey Gardiner of the Bishop of Ely as of his manor of Wisbech. [2]

The manor of Jackets may be traced back to the lands of John Cave in 1492-3. By 1542 it was in possession of the Megges family, thet were tenants of a good deal of property including the bishop of Ely's manor of Wisbech Barton; in the same year Thomas Megges died and his son Nicholas inherited. The next recorded owner in 1587 Henry Adams of Tydd St. Mary bequeathed it to his brother Thomas, of Duxford. In 1635 William Steward bequeathed it to his brother Thomas. It was then held of the bishop as of his manor of Wisbech. The name survived until at least 1777 as that of land of about 19 acres piece of land in Sayers Field, on the north side of the village street of St. Mary's near an old Primitive Methodist chapel. [2]

Tuddenham Hall in 1392 was held by Sir John de Tuddenham of the prior of Ely. The first recorded lord was Sir Robert (1281), and it continued in the Tuddenham family until the execution of Sir Thomas at the accession of Edward IV, when his estates were forfeited. In 1620 Tuddenham Hall manor, with 200 acres of arable land, was held by Humphrey Gardiner, to whom it had been bequeathed by his father Thomas (d. 1566). A grandson and heir, another Humphrey, was then aged 12, and had livery of this manor and Hiptofts in 1636. In 1677 it was conveyed by him, his wife Helen, and son Humphrey to John Willys, and was for a short time in the Penhall family until in 1703 conveyed by John and Cecile Penhall to Richard Reynolds, whose family held possession up to 1800.[2]

BEVIS HALL, later represented by a farm of that name on the North Brink at the south-east corner of the parish, was settled in 1624 by William Reve of London, on his daughter Margaret Bromley. In the 18th century it passed to the Drury and the Southwell families, the latter also being lessees of Wisbech Castle, and in 1746 it was bequeathed by Edward Southwell to his wife Jane, and by her to Sir Clement Trafford of Dunton Hall, Tydd St. Mary. It was sold after his death to Francis Saunders of Parson Drove. After being in the Culy family it was purchased in 1851 by Joseph Peck, whose son John Peck (farmer) sold it to W G Jackson. A grandson N G Jackson sold it about 1910 to Frank Britain. The property was re-sold about 1933.[2]

Wisbech St.Mary was the least nucleated of all the Isle parishes. Other villages include Murrow, Guyhirn and Thorney Toll. The Peterborough-Sutton bridge branch of the former M. & G.N joint railway, opened in 1866, had stations in the parish at Murrow (East) and Wisbech St Mary. The March-Spalding line opened in 1867 had stations at Murrow (West) and Guyhirn. The Pepys family farmed a manor in the parish. It was leased to Samuel Pepys in 1639 for 21 years.[3] A mission chapel was built at Tholomas Drove and Primitive Methodist chapels in the village and Tholomas Drove. The village has an Anglican church, a primary school and some public houses. [4] The village is built on an old watercourse, a roddon; such sand and silt beds are firmer and rise higher than the surrounding shrinking peat fens.[5]

References[edit]

Notes
  1. ^ "Civil Parish population 2011". Neighbourhood Statistics. Office for National Statistics. Retrieved 18 July 2016.
  2. ^ a b c d "Wisbech St Mary". www.british-history.ac.uk. Retrieved 30 May 2021.
  3. ^ ed RB Pugh (1953). A History of Cambridge and the Isle of Ely. Oxford University Press.
  4. ^ F.J.Gardiner (1898). History of Wisbech and Neighbourhood. Gardiner & Co.
  5. ^ Hall 1996, p. 171.
Bibliography
  • Hall, David (1996). The Fenland Project. Cambridgeshire Archaeological Committee in conjunction with the Fenland Project Committee and the Scole Archaeological Committee. ISBN 9780951954423.

Further reading[edit]

Pugh R.B. (1953). The Victoria History of the county of Cambridge and the Isle of Ely. Vol IV. OXford University Press.

External links[edit]

Media related to Wisbech St Mary at Wikimedia Commons