Wisconsin's 6th congressional district

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Wisconsin's 6th congressional district
Wisconsin US Congressional District 6 (since 2013).tif
Wisconsin's 6th congressional district - since January 3, 2013.
Representative
  Glenn Grothman
RCampbellsport
Area5,641.16 sq mi (14,610.5 km2)
Distribution
  • 60.63% urban
  • 39.37% rural
Population (2018 est.)714,886
Median income$59,868[1]
Ethnicity
Cook PVIR+8[3]

Wisconsin's 6th congressional district is a congressional district of the United States House of Representatives in eastern Wisconsin. Located in the rural communities surrounding Madison, Milwaukee, and Green Bay. It also includes a small portion of far northern Milwaukee County around River Hills. The district is represented by Glenn Grothman (R-Campbellsport) who came to office in January 2015.

The 6th district has a long history of farming livestock in rural areas,[4] and is a major producer of both milk and grains.[5]

In the 2016 presidential election, the district voted 55% for Donald Trump and 38% for Hillary Clinton.[6]

History[edit]

Wisconsin's 6th congressional district came into existence in 1863 following the federal census of 1860. The first elected representative from the district was Walter D. McIndoe of Wausau. The district originally comprised the counties of the northern and western parts of the state. Following subsequent congressional reapportionment after each decennial census, the district's boundaries shifted eastward.

Census of 1860[edit]

Wisconsin Congressional districts following the 1860 census

The reapportionment of Congressional districts following the federal census of 1860 gave Wisconsin three additional members in the House of Representatives. Members elected from the newly created 4th, 5th and 6th districts were chosen in the midterm elections of 1862 and took their seats in the lower house as part of the 38th United States Congress.

The 6th District originally included the counties of Adams, Ashland, Bad Ax (Vernon), Buffalo, Burnett, Dallas (Barron), Chippewa, Clark, Douglas, Dunn, Eau Claire, Jackson, Juneau, La Crosse, La Pointe, Marathon, Monroe, Pepin, Pierce, Polk, Portage, St. Croix, Trempealeau, and Wood.

Areas of east central Wisconsin, which make up much of the 6th district today, were originally part of the newly created 5th district.

Census of 1870[edit]

Wisconsin Congressional districts following the 1870 census

Following the 1870 census Wisconsin gained two seats in the House of Representatives. The new 6th District was shifted eastward and included many counties in northeast Wisconsin. It included the counties of Brown, Calumet, Door, Green Lake, Kewaunee, Outagamie, Waupaca, Waushara and Winnebago. Representative Philetus Sawyer of Oshkosh had been elected to Congress from Wisconsin's 5th District since 1865, was then elected from the newly configured 6th District. He later served the state as a member of the U.S. Senate.

Census of 1880[edit]

Wisconsin Congressional districts following the 1880 census

The federal census of 1880 showed further population growth in Wisconsin and the state gained a 9th Congressional seat. Reapportionment of the state moved the 6th District to a more central location within the state, though the representatives elected from the district came from the communities along the shores of Lake Winnebago throughout the decade. The 6th District now included the counties of Adams, Green Lake, Marquette, Outagamie, Waushara and Winnebago.

Census of 1890[edit]

Wisconsin Congressional districts following the 1890 census

Following the census of 1890 Wisconsin gained a 10th Congressional seat. The 6th District shifted eastward to a configuration that closely resembled that of today's linear east to west shape with a population of 187,001. The state population was enumerated at 1,686,880. The 6th District then included the counties of Calumet, Fond du Lac, Green Lake, Marquette, Marquette, Waushara and Winnebago.

Census of 1900[edit]

Wisconsin Congressional districts following the 1900 census

The state's population reached 2,069,042 according to the 1900 federal census and Wisconsin gained an additional seat in the House of Representatives. This was the peak of Wisconsin's Congressional representation and the state maintained 11 members of the House of Representatives until the opening of the 73rd United States Congress in 1933. The 6th District shifted southward and included the counties of Dodge, Fond du Lac, Ozaukee, Sheboygan and Washington. The counties in the vicinity of Lake Winnebago became part of the 8th District. The population of the counties making up the 6th District totaled 184,517.

Censuses of 1910 & 1920[edit]

Wisconsin Congressional districts following the 1910 and 1920 censuses

The 1910 census tabulated a population of 2,333,860 citizens for Wisconsin and the 1920 census saw the state's population grow to 2,632,670. As a result of this growth, the state retained its 11 seats in the House of Representatives throughout the 1910s and 1920s. Prior to congressional elections in 1912, the 6th District was reconfigured in manner closer to that of the 1893 apportionment. The district included the counties of Calument, Fond du Lac, Green Lake, Manitowoc, Marquette, and Winnebago. All 11 districts continued in the same configurations until the elections of 1932. The 6th district grew from 201,637 to 214,206 between the two enumerations.

Censuses of 1930, 1940 & 1950[edit]

Wisconsin Congressional districts following the 1930, 1940 and 1950 censuses

Wisconsin lost a congressional seat following the census of 1930. The 6th District now included Calumet, Fond du Lac, Ozaukee, Sheboygan, Washington, and Winnebago counties. According to the 1950 census, the population of the district was 315,666. This southeastern shift of the district remained in effect for 30 years, ending with the 1962 elections.

Census of 1960[edit]

Wisconsin Congressional districts following the 1960 census

The state held on to all 10 of its Congressional seats following the 1960 census. As a result of changing population patterns, the districts were reapportioned. Green Lake County was added to the existing counties of the 6th District, which were Calumet, Fond du Lac, Ozaukee, Sheboygan, Washington and Winnebago. This slight western shift gave the district a population of 391,743.

It was also during this era, that the Republican Party's domination of the district was broken. Democrat John Abner Race, represented the district from 1965 to 1967. Other than this brief interruption, a Republican has been sent to Washington, D.C. in every election since 1938.

Census of 1970[edit]

Wisconsin Congressional districts following the 1970 census

The state of Wisconsin gained 465,318 residents for a total of 4,418,683 according to the 1970 census. Because this was a lower increase than other areas of the country, the state lost a seat in the House of Representatives, requiring the state's districts to be reapportioned.

The 6th District now extended farther west than at any time other since its original configuration in 1860. It now included all or portions of Adams, Calumet, Fond du Lac, Green Lake, Juneau, Manitowoc, Marquette, Monroe, Sheboygan, Waushara, and Winnebago counties.

This was the first time, other than in Milwaukee County, that districts did not follow county borders throughout the state. The Town of Waupun in Fond du Lac County was included in the 2nd District. Only the five easternmost towns in Monroe County were included in the 6th District.

Census of 1980[edit]

Wisconsin Congressional districts following the 1980 census

Following the 1980 census the 6th District again expanded in size. All of Monroe County now became part of the district, which was a further westward expansion. All of Waupaca County and the southwest corner of Wood County expanded the district to the north. Southern towns in Adams, Juneau, Fond du Lac and Sheboygan counties, as well as the city of Sheboygan, were removed from the district and included in the 2nd District and 9th District. In addition, the counties of Calumet, Green Lake, Manitowoc, Marquette, Waushara and Winnebago were included in their entirety. The population of the 6th District according to the 1980 census was 522,546.

Census of 1990[edit]

Wisconsin Congressional districts following the 1990 census

The 1990 census saw Wisconsin retain its nine seats in the House of Representatives and created only minor changes to the 6th District. All or portions of Adams, Brown, Calumet, Fond du Lac, Green Lake, Juneau, Manitowoc, Marquette, Monroe, Outagamie, Sheboygan, Waupaca, Waushara, and Winnebago counties were part of the Sixth.

Census of 2000[edit]

Following the 2000 census, Wisconsin's population rose to 5,363,675. Because this growth was not as large as in other parts of the nation, Wisconsin lost a congressional seat. Now with only eight seats, a major redistricting took place in the state for the first time since the state's loss of its 10th seat following the census of 1970. The new 6th District included the counties of Adams, Calumet, Dodge, Fond du Lac, Green Lake, Marquette, Manitowoc, Waushara and Winnebago, in addition to small sections of Outagamie and Jefferson counties.

Census of 2010[edit]

Wisconsin held on to its eight seats in the House of Representatives following the census of 2010, although the district boundaries were changed by the state legislature to include Columbia and Ozaukee County, while no longer including Adams, Calumet, and most of Dodge County.

List of members representing the district[edit]

Member District home Party Years Cong
ress
Electoral history
District created March 4, 1863
WalterMcIndoe.png
Walter D. McIndoe
[Data unknown/missing.] Republican March 4, 1863 –
March 3, 1867
38th
39th
Redistricted from the 2nd district and re-elected in 1862.
Retired.
Cadwallader Colden Washburn.jpg
Cadwallader C. Washburn
[Data unknown/missing.] Republican March 4, 1867 –
March 3, 1871
40th
41st
[Data unknown/missing.]
JMRusk.jpg
Jeremiah McLain Rusk
[Data unknown/missing.] Republican March 4, 1871 –
March 3, 1873
42nd [Data unknown/missing.]
Redistricted to the 7th district.
Philetus Sawyer - Brady-Handy.jpg
Philetus Sawyer
[Data unknown/missing.] Republican March 4, 1873 –
March 3, 1875
43rd Redistricted from the 5th district and re-elected in 1872.
[Data unknown/missing.]
Alanson M. Kimball - Brady-Handy.jpg
Alanson M. Kimball
[Data unknown/missing.] Republican March 4, 1875 –
March 3, 1877
44th [Data unknown/missing.]
Gabriel Bouck (Wisconsin Congressman).jpg
Gabriel Bouck
Oshkosh Democratic March 4, 1877 –
March 3, 1881
45th
46th
[Data unknown/missing.]
RWGuenther.jpg
Richard W. Guenther
Oshkosh Republican March 4, 1881 –
March 3, 1887
47th
48th
49th
[Data unknown/missing.]
Redistricted to the 2nd district.
Rep. Charles B. Clark (R-WI).jpg
Charles B. Clark
Neenah Republican March 4, 1887 –
March 3, 1891
50th
51st
[Data unknown/missing.]
Lucas M. Miller (Wisconsin Congressman).jpg
Lucas M. Miller
Oshkosh Democratic March 4, 1891 –
March 3, 1893
52nd [Data unknown/missing.]
Owen A. Wells Fond du Lac Democratic March 4, 1893 –
March 3, 1895
53rd [Data unknown/missing.]
SamuelACook.jpg
Samuel A. Cook
Neenah Republican March 4, 1895 –
March 3, 1897
54th [Data unknown/missing.]
James H Davidson.jpg
James H. Davidson
Oshkosh Republican March 4, 1897 –
March 3, 1903
55th
56th
57th
[Data unknown/missing.]
Redistricted to the 8th district.
CharlesHWeisse.jpg
Charles H. Weisse
Sheboygan Falls Democratic March 4, 1903 –
March 3, 1911
58th
59th
60th
61st
[Data unknown/missing.]
Michael E. Burke (Wisconsin Congressman).jpg
Michael E. Burke
Beaver Dam Democratic March 4, 1911 –
March 3, 1913
62nd [Data unknown/missing.]
Redistricted to the 2nd district.
Michael K. Reilly (D-WI) (small).jpg
Michael Reilly
Fond du Lac Democratic March 4, 1913 –
March 3, 1917
63rd
64th
[Data unknown/missing.]
James H Davidson.jpg
James H. Davidson
Oshkosh Republican March 4, 1917 –
August 6, 1918
65th [Data unknown/missing.]
Died.
Vacant August 6, 1918 –
November 5, 1918
Florian Lampert Oshkosh Republican November 5, 1918 –
July 18, 1930
65th
66th
67th
68th
69th
70th
71st
Elected to finish Davidson's term.
Died.
Vacant July 18, 1930 –
November 4, 1930
71st
Michael K. Reilly (D-WI) (small).jpg
Michael Reilly
Fond du Lac Democratic November 4, 1930 –
January 3, 1939
71st
72nd
73rd
74th
75th
Elected to finish Lampert's term.
[Data unknown/missing.]
Frank B. Keefe Oshkosh Republican January 3, 1939 –
January 3, 1951
76th
77th
78th
79th
80th
81st
[Data unknown/missing.]
William K. Van Pelt Fond du Lac Republican January 3, 1951 –
January 3, 1965
82nd
83rd
84th
85th
86th
87th
88th
[Data unknown/missing.]
JARace.jpg
John A. Race
Fond du Lac Democratic January 3, 1965 –
January 3, 1967
89th [Data unknown/missing.]
William A. Steiger cph.3c32771.jpg
William A. Steiger
Oshkosh Republican January 3, 1967 –
December 4, 1978
90th
91st
92nd
93rd
94th
95th
[Data unknown/missing.]
Re-elected but died.
Vacant December 4, 1978 –
April 3, 1979
95th
96th
Tom Petri, official Congressional photo portrait.jpg
Tom Petri
Fond du Lac Republican April 3, 1979 –
January 3, 2015
96th
97th
98th
99th
100th
101st
102nd
103rd
104th
105th
106th
107th
108th
109th
110th
111th
112th
113th
Elected to finish Steiger's term.
[Data unknown/missing.]
Glenn Grothman official congressional photo.jpg
Glenn Grothman
Campbellsport Republican January 3, 2015 –
present
114th
115th
116th
[Data unknown/missing.]

Living former members of the U.S. House of Representatives from Wisconsin's 6th Congressional District[edit]

As of April 2015, one former member of the U.S. House of Representatives from Wisconsin's 6th Congressional District is alive. The most recent representative to die was William Van Pelt (served 1951–1965) on June 2, 1996. The most recently serving representative to die was William A. Steiger (served 1967–1978), who died in office on December 4, 1978.

U.S. Representative U.S. House of Representatives Term Date of birth (and age)
Tom Petri 1979–2015 (1940-05-28) May 28, 1940 (age 79)

Historical district boundaries[edit]

2003 - 2013

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ Center for New Media & Promotion (CNMP), US Census Bureau. "My Congressional District". www.census.gov.
  2. ^ "Census profile: Congressional District 6, WI". Census Reporter.
  3. ^ "Partisan Voting Index – Districts of the 115th Congress" (PDF). The Cook Political Report. April 7, 2017. Retrieved April 7, 2017.
  4. ^ "Agriculture | U.S. Representative Glenn Grothman". grothman.house.gov. Retrieved 2018-06-29.
  5. ^ "USDA - NASS, Census of Agriculture - 2012 Census Publications - Congressional District Profiles". www.nass.usda.gov.
  6. ^ "2016 Presidential Recount | Wisconsin Elections Commission". elections.wi.gov. Retrieved 2017-05-18.

External links[edit]

Coordinates: 43°46′45″N 88°16′28″W / 43.77917°N 88.27444°W / 43.77917; -88.27444