Wisconsin State Fair
|Wisconsin State Fair|
The State Fair's "snowflake" logo, in use since 1972 to advertise the year-round use of Wisconsin State Fair Park
|Location(s)||West Allis, WI|
|Attendance||1,130,572 in 2019|
The Wisconsin State Fair is an annual event held at the Wisconsin State Fair Park in West Allis, Wisconsin, a suburb of Milwaukee. The modern fair takes place in August (occasionally beginning late July) and lasts 11 days.
The first Wisconsin State Fair was held in 1851 in Janesville, with approximately 13,000 to 18,000 people in attendance. Sponsored by the state’s Agricultural Society, it was held on a six-acre plot along the banks of the Rock River. It featured a 200-pound squash and a quarter-acre plowing competition with teams of horses and oxen. It was reportedly the largest gathering in Wisconsin history.
When the second fair was held in Milwaukee in 1852, fairgoers took their carriages for rides around the Cold Spring Race Course.
Abraham Lincoln was invited to give the annual oration at the fair in 1859. He spoke on the principles of free labor - farmers and their families working for themselves without the use of hired labor - and of the interconnectedness of farmers, merchants, and other businesses. He advised farmers to embrace new methods of agriculture, with the goal of raising the standard of living.
The fair added new attractions each year, and in 1869, there was a fire engine demonstration where boxes, barrels and a large wooden building were set aflame. For decades, the fair moved from city to city, including Janesville, Watertown, Fond du Lac, Madison and Milwaukee, until 1892, when it was first held at its permanent and present location at Wisconsin State Fair Park.
During the 2011 fair, some adolescent African Americans formed a violent flash mob and began attacking fairgoers, with some witnesses stating that the attacks were racially-motivated. Eighteen people, including seven police officers, were injured during the event. In response, fair managers added a youth curfew and worked with civic and youth leaders to prevent a recurrence.
The Milwaukee Mile
The Milwaukee Mile is a one-mile paved oval racing circuit on the grounds of the State Fair. It is the oldest continuously-operated motor racing circuit in the world. Racing or exhibition events are often held on the circuit in conjunction with the state fair.
Events and entertainment
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Yearly features at the fair include a wide variety of vendors, many local and national bands, the Kids From Wisconsin, and a large assortment of food and drink, including cream puffs, which are one of the fair's most popular attractions. In 2010, the Wisconsin State Fair introduced Comet 2, a forty-foot roller coaster. New in 2012, the Wisconsin State Fair took over the Midway, creating Spin City, a collection of independently contracted rides including the Sizzler, the Freak Out, and the Stratosphere, a 200-foot-tall swing ride.
The Main Stage features headline performance every evening of the fair. Many local bands can also be seen on smaller stages and pavilions located throughout the grounds.
Agricultural exhibits of horses, cattle, sheep, chickens and other animals are featured every year at the fair.
The Wisconsin State Fair is also home of the Wisconsin Wine Garden. Established in 1996 by the then ten member-wineries of the Wisconsin Winery Association, the Wine Garden features wines from dozens of Wisconsin wineries.
- Average age of a fairgoer: 40
- 84% of fairgoers reside in Wisconsin – half of them live in metropolitan Milwaukee
- Average visits to the fair: 3 times
- Average hours spent at the fair: 5 - 7 hours
- Attendance: 1,130,572 in 2019
- Walker, Don (March 25, 2011). "State Fair Park logo gets new look". Milwaukee Journal Sentinel. Retrieved August 14, 2013.
- Wisconsin State Fair History
- Wisconsin State Fair History
- Eric Foner. The Fiery Trial: Abraham Lincoln and American Slavery. New York: Norton, 2010, p. 115.
- Benjamin P. Thomas. Abraham Lincoln: A Biography. Carbondale: Southern Illinois University Press, 1952, pp. 196-197.
- "Wis. State Fair Latest Target Of Violent Flash Mobs". NPR. August 13, 2014. Retrieved August 21, 2014.
- "Witnesses describe mobs, some people claim racially-charged attacks". WTmj. August 5, 2011. Retrieved January 5, 2012.
"Questions Arise Over Whether 'Flash Mob' Attacks in U.S. Cities Motivated by Race". Fox News. August 10, 2011. Retrieved January 4, 2012.
Jeffrey Ian Ross (March 28, 2013). Encyclopedia of Street Crime in America. SAGE Publications. p. 163. ISBN 978-1-4522-7445-4.
- Danielle Wright (August 12, 2011). "Wisconsin Teen Arrested for Hate Crime and City Blames Black Families: In response to the recent violent flash-mob attacks in Milwaukee, the Common Council uses African-Americans in the community as a scapegoat". BET. Retrieved January 5, 2012.
- Williams, Justin (August 1, 2012). "Crews make last minute preparations before State Fair gates open". WITI. Green Bay, Wisconsin. Retrieved June 5, 2015.
- Wisc. State Fair Park http://www.milwaukeemile.com/event_planning/mile.html Feb. 22, 2013
- "Which State Fair Food Is Your Guilty Pleasure?". pbs.org. Public Broadcasting Service. August 20, 2013. Retrieved August 22, 2014.
- 2010 Wisconsin State Fair Attendance and Demographics
- "1.1M people entered gates at Wisconsin State Fair in 2019, several days saw record attendance". WITI. Milwaukee, Wisconsin. August 13, 2019. Retrieved August 14, 2019.
- Crump, Gordon. "Baits Trap with Cheese: State Products Sell Fair", The Billboard, November 29, 1947, p. 30.
- Economics Research Associates. Economic Impact of the Wisconsin State Fair and Non-Fair Events, 1979. West Allis, WI: Wisconsin State Fair Park, 1980.
- Gordon, Julie. State Fair Park: An Evaluation. Madison, WI: Wisconsin Legislative Audit Bureau, 2003.
- Kapler, Joe. "Preserving the 'Big Picture' for Wisconsin: The 1948 Centennial Fair Murals". Wisconsin Magazine of History, vol. 95, no. 1 (Autumn 2011): 26-35.
- Lathrop, John H. "Address Delivered at the First Annual Fair of the State Agricultural Society, Held at Janesville, Wisconsin: October 2, 1851". Milwaukee: Daily Sentinel Print, 1851.
- Lincoln, Abraham. Lincoln on Agriculture: Address, Wisconsin State Agricultural Society, State Fair, Milwaukee, September 30, 1859. Madison: Lincoln Fellowship of Wisconsin, 1943.
- Ryan, John W. The Wisconsin State Fair: Its Modern Role and Objectives. A Report to Wisconsin Department of Agriculture. Madison: University Extension Division, 1960.
- State Fair Commemorative Cookbook: Featuring 150 Award-Winning Recipes. West Allis, WI: Wisconsin State Fair, 2001.
- Wisconsin State Fair: 1979 Visitor Study. Madison, WI: University of Wisconsin-Extension, 1980.
- Wisconsin State Fair Park Public Relations Department. Wisconsin State Fair: A Brief History of the Wisconsin State Fair. West Allis, WI: Wisconsin State Fair Park, 1990.
- Zimmerman, Jerry. 150 Years of the Wisconsin State Fair: An Illustrated History, 1851-2001. West Allis, WI: Wisconsin State Fair Park, 2001.
- Wisconsin State Fair Park website
- Wisconsin State Fair Park Foundation Website
- 1948 Wisconsin State Fair Murals