|Deputy Prime Minister of Thailand|
Assumed office |
30 August 2014
|Prime Minister||Prayut Chan-o-cha|
3 October 2002 – 24 June 2006
|Prime Minister||Thaksin Shinawatra|
|Secretary General to the Cabinet|
1 October 1996 – 30 September 2002
|Prime Minister||Thaksin Shinawatra|
|Preceded by||Bodee Junnanon|
|Succeeded by||Borwornsak Uwanno|
September 15, 1951|
Hat Yai, Songkhla, Thailand
Thammasat University |
University of California
|Profession||Jurist, Professor, Politician|
Wissanu Krea-ngam (Thai: วิษณุ เครืองาม, RTGS: Witsanu Khruea-ngam, pronounced [wít.sā.núʔ kʰrɯ̄a̯.ŋāːm]; born 15 September 1951) is a Thai jurist, civil servant, and politician. He was the secretary-general of the cabinet from 1993 to 2002 and deputy prime minister under Thaksin Shinawatra from 2002 to 2006. After the 2014 Thai coup d'état, he served as an advisor to the military junta (National Council for Peace and Order, NCPO) responsible for drafting the post-coup 2014 interim constitution. Since August 2014, he has again been deputy prime minister under General Prayut Chan-o-cha.
Life and career
Wissanu was born in Hat Yai District, Songkhla Province. He is a fourth generation Thai Chinese. He studied law at the Faculty of Law, Thammasat University, graduating with an honours degree, and was admitted to the bar by the Thai Bar Association. He continued his studies in the United States, completing his Master of Laws (1974) and Doctor of Juridical Science (1976) from the University of California, Berkeley. Moreover, he completed a course at the National Defence College of Thailand.
He lectured law at Ramkhamhaeng, Thammasat, and Chulalongkorn Universities. In 1986 he was appointed professor of law at Chulalongkorn University. In 1991 he transferred to become the deputy secretary-general of the cabinet. In 1993 he was promoted to Secretary-General, the highest-ranking civil servant advising the cabinet on legal affairs. After frequent changes in that position during the early 1990s, Wissanu held the post for more than a decade, surviving four changes of government.
In 2002 Prime Minister Thaksin Shinawatra invited Wissanu to become a minister in his cabinet, changing from the civil servant to a political career, but also threatened to dismiss him as secretary-general in case of refusal. Wissanu agreed and Thaksin made him Deputy Prime Minister, responsible for legal and parliamentary affairs. At that time, Thaksin had seven deputy prime ministers. Wissanu's successor as secretary-general of the cabinet was his personal friend Borwornsak Uwanno. During the 2005–06 Thai political crisis and after the dissolution of parliament, both Wissanu and Borwornsak resigned their government posts.
After the 19 September 2006 military coup, he helped the military junta (Council for Democratic Reform under the Constitutional Monarchy, CDR) drafting a post-coup interim constitution, alongside Borwornsak Uwanno. According to political scientist Thitinan Pongsudhirak, Borwornsak and Wissanu could "seemingly write constitutions overnight". Wissanu then became a member of the military-appointed National Legislative Assembly. During and after this time, he continued to teach at the Chulalongkorn University.
Wissanu has served as chairman of the university council of Songkhla Rajabhat University and member of councils of Chiang Mai, Thaksin, Kasem Bundit, Chulalongkorn, Chiang Rai Rajabhat, and Prince of Songkla Universities, as well as the council of King Prajadhipok's Institute.
Since 2009 he has been the chairman of the SET-listed property developer Amata Corporation pcl and its independent director since 2007. Moreover, he has held executive positions in the private sector as chairman of BFIT Securities pcl and as its director (since 2008), chairman of Bangkok First Investment & Trust pcl (2008–2014), chairman of Namyong Terminal pcl, chairman of Sikarin pcl (2006–2014) and as its director (since 2006), chairman of RHB OSK Securities (Thailand) pcl (since 2008) and as its director (2008–2011), vice chairman of AEC Securities pcl and as its independent director (since 2013), second vice chairman of Sermsuk pcl (2011–2014) and as its director, as an independent director of The Post Publishing pcl (until 2014), an independent director of Loxley PLC (2008–2014) and as a director at Thai Airways International pcl.
Wissanu has received the following decorations and awards in the Honours System of Thailand:
- Knight Grand Commander (Second Class, Upper Grade) of the Order of Chula Chom Klao
- Knight Grand Cordon (Special Class) of the Order of the White Elephant
- Knight Grand Cordon (Special Class) of the Order of the Crown of Thailand
- Knight Grand Cross (First Class) of the Order of the Direkgunabhorn
- "Thailand-Chinese Temple Fair". CCTV. 14 February 2015. Retrieved 26 September 2015.
- "Wissanu Krea-Ngam: Deputy Prime Minister, leading academician of public law instrumental of shaping Thailand legal system". Who's Who in Thailand. Retrieved 4 June 2015.
- Shannon Najmabadi (3 December 2012). "An interview with former Deputy Prime Minister of Thailand, Dr. Wissanu Krea-ngam". The Daily Californian.
- Craig Reynolds (18 April 2012). "Review of This World's a Stage". New Mandala.
- Michael J. Montesano (2009). Political Contests in the Advent of Bangkok's 19 September Putsch. Divided Over Thaksin: Thailand's Coup and Problematic Transition. Institute of Southeast Asian Studies. p. 7.
- Thitinan Pongsudhirak (2009). The Tragedy of the 1997 Constitution. Divided Over Thaksin. p. 27.
- "Executive Profile: Wissanu Krea-Ngam". Bloomberg Business. Retrieved 4 June 2015.