"Wissenschaft" is the German language term for any study or science that involves systematic research. Wissenschaft incorporates science, learning, knowledge, scholarship and implies that knowledge is a dynamic process discoverable for oneself, rather than something that is handed down. It did not necessarily imply empirical research.
Wissenschaft was the official ideology of German Universities during the 19th century. It emphasised the unity of teaching and individual research or discovery for the student. It suggests that education is a process of growing and becoming.
Some 19th century Americans visiting German universities interpreted Wissenschaft as meaning "pure science," untainted by social purposes and opposed to the liberal arts.
Some contemporary scientists and philosophers interpret Wissenschaft as meaning any true knowledge or successful method, including philosophical, mathematical, and logical knowledge and methods.
Phrases employing this term include the following:
- Wissenschaft des Judentums, the "science of Judaism," a 19th-century scholarly movement.
- Veysay, Laurence R. The Emergency of the American University. Chicago: U Chicago P, 1965. Print. 127.
- "Our Narrow Definition of "Science"". www.samharris.org. Retrieved 2016-03-04.
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