Wisutkasat

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Wisutkasat
Queen of Ayutthaya
SpouseMaha Thammaracha
IssueSuphankanlaya
Naresuan
Ekathotsarot
HouseSuphannaphum (by birth)
Sukhothai (by marriage)
FatherMaha Chakkraphat
MotherSuriyothai

Wisutkasat (Thai: วิสุทธิกษัตรีย์) or Borommathewi (Thai: บรมเทวี), was a Siamese Queen and Princess during the Ayutthaya period in the 16th century, born Sawatdiratchathida (Thai: สวัสดิราชธิดา) to Prince Thianracha (later King Maha Chakkraphat) and Suriyothai. She was a mother of two kings (Naresuan and Ekathotsarot, and the maternal ancestor of the Sukhothai Dynasty, which ruled Ayutthaya from 1569-1629.

Life[edit]

In 1548 she married Maha Thammaracha, a cousin on her mother's side. He was made Lord of Phitsanulok, soon after helping Maha Chakkraphat to the throne through a palace coup. She bore Thammaracha three children, two sons: Phra Naretsuan born in 1555, Phra Ekathotsarot (both became Kings) and one daughter Phra Suphankanlaya.

In 1563, King Bayinnaung of Burma invaded Siam. The city of Phitsanulok was forced to surrender and her husband switched his allegiance from her father to his enemy. In 1566, she took part in the kidnapping of her younger sister Phra Thepkassattri, who was betrothed to King Setthathirath of Lan Xang, in order to thwart an attempted alliance between Ayutthaya and Laos against her husband.[1]:36,44–45

Chakkraphat and Mahinthrathirat then marched to Phitsanouk while Thammaracha was away, and took Wisutkasat and her children to Ayutthaya as hostages. Following the Burmese-Siamese War (1568-1569), her husband ascended the throne with the help of Bayinnaung as King Maha Thammarachathirat or Sanphet I, and together they became the founders of the Sukhothai Dynasty.[1]:50–63

Children[edit]

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b Rajanubhab, D., 2001, Our Wars With the Burmese, Bangkok: White Lotus Co. Ltd., ISBN 9747534584
  • Wood, William A. R. (1924). History of Siam. Thailand: Chalermit Press. ISBN 1-931541-10-8.