Withers A. Burress
|Withers Alexander Burress|
Major General Withers Burress as commander of 100th Infantry Division, 1944.
November 24, 1894|
|Died||June 13, 1977
|Service/branch||United States Army|
|Years of service||1916-1954|
|Commands held|| Virginia Military Institute
100th Infantry Division
U.S. Army Infantry School
VII Corps - NATO
First United States Army
|Battles/wars||World War I
World War II
|Awards||Bronze Star with Oak Leaf Cluster
Croix de Guerre
Legion of Merit
Distinguished Service Medal
Withers A. Burress (November 24, 1894 – June 13, 1977) was a graduate and commandant of the Virginia Military Institute as well as a career U.S. Army officer and combat commander in World War I and World War II.
Education and early career
Born in Richmond, Virginia in 1894, Burress attended and graduated from the Virginia Military Institute in 1914. On November 30, 1916, he was commissioned a lieutenant in the U.S. Army. In World War I, he saw combat with the 2nd Infantry Division (United States)'s 23rd Infantry Regiment (United States) as a regimental operations officer. In November 1919, he returned with the permanent rank of captain.
From 1935 to 1940, Burress was a professor of military science and served as commandant of the Virginia Military Institute. In 1940, he was assigned to the War Department General Staff in Washington, D.C.
World War II and Cold War
In 1941, with the outbreak of World War II, Burress had returned to Fort Benning as Assistant Commandant of the Infantry School. In early 1942, he assigned to the Puerto Rican Department. He was given command of the 100th Division (United States) upon its mobilization at Fort Jackson, South Carolina in November 1942.
Burress continued in his command, taking the division to France in October 1944. As part of Seventh United States Army's VI Corps, the division went into combat in the Vosges Mountains of northeastern France then through the Rhineland, Ardennes, and Central European campaigns until November, 1945, making Burress one of eleven generals to command one of the U.S. Army's 90 divisions from mobilization to the end of the war. On September 22, 1945, he was promoted to command of the 100th Division's corps, the VI Corps (United States) then served as Inspector General for European Command [EURCOM].
In May 1947, he was one of three commanders of the U.S. Constabulary, the post-war occupation police force in West Germany. In 1949, he returned to EURCOM as its intelligence director, then later took command of VII Corps (United States) .
In 1952, his final posting was as commander of First United States Army at Fort Jay at Governors Island in New York, New York. In November 1954, he retired from the U.S. Army after 38 years of active duty. That same month, on November 19, 1954, he received a ticker-tape parade down the Canyon of Heroes down Broadway in Manhattan, NY.
He died in an Arlington, Virginia nursing home at age 83 on June 13, 1977.
Hofmann, George F. (2007), "Cold War Mounted Warriors: U.S. Constabulary in Occupied Germany", Armor: Professional Journal of Mounted Warfare (September–October 2007).
"Maj. Gen. W. A. Burress to Succeed Crittenberger as First Army Chief", New York Times (New York, published October 11, 1952), 1952: 1, retrieved 2008-02-24.
"Gen. Withers A. Burress, Head Of First Army During 1950s", The Washington Post (Washington, D.C., published June 14, 1977), 1977: C6.
- Story of the Century The 100th Division
- Coldwar.org U.S. Constabulary, 1946-1952
- Downtown Alliance Commemorates 204 Canyon of Heroes Parades
Willis D. Crittenberger
|Commanding General of the First United States Army
1953 – 1954
Thomas W. Herren