Withiel

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Withiel
Cornish: Egloswydhyel
Withiel.jpg
Withiel
Withiel is located in Cornwall
Withiel
Withiel
 Withiel shown within Cornwall
Population 329 (Civil Parish, 2011)
OS grid reference SW995654
Civil parish Withiel
Unitary authority Cornwall
Ceremonial county Cornwall
Region South West
Country England
Sovereign state United Kingdom
Post town BODMIN
Postcode district PL30
Dialling code 01208
Police Devon and Cornwall
Fire Cornwall
Ambulance South Western
EU Parliament South West England
UK Parliament North Cornwall
List of places
UK
England
Cornwall

Coordinates: 50°27′14″N 4°49′34″W / 50.454°N 4.826°W / 50.454; -4.826

Withiel (Cornish: Egloswydhyel)[1] is a civil parish and village in mid Cornwall, England, United Kingdom. The parish of Withiel is between the parishes of St Breock, Lanivet, Roche and St Wenn. The name Withiel comes from the Cornish word Gwydhyel, meaning "wooded place".[2] The parish contains the hamlets of Withielgoose, Retire and Tregawne; the parish had a total population of about 300 in 1824.[3]

At Ruthernbridge is an early 15th-century bridge with two pointed arches over the Ruthern. The hamlet here was until 1933 a halt on the Bodmin to Wadebridge railway line. The River Ruthern rises near Victoria in the parish of Roche and flows northwards through the parish of Withiel; it flows into the River Camel one kilometre above Brocton.[4]

Notable people from the parish include Sir Bevil Grenville (1596–July 5, 1643), a Royalist soldier in the English Civil War.

Church history[edit]

St Clement's Church

The parish church, dedicated to St Clement, is in the village of Withiel and dates back to the 13th century. The original church was apparently a nave and chancel only but it was rebuilt in the 15th and 16th centuries in granite. At this time a tower and spacious south aisle were added, and later a smaller north aisle, used as a chapel by the Bevilles of Brynn. The dedication to St Clement is not recorded before 1478; St Clement is portrayed on the font which is of this date. The church and manor of Withiel belonged before the Norman Conquest to the monastery of Bodmin; the monastery retained possession until 1538. The benefice was never appropriated and has always been a rectory. Thomas Vivian, Prior of Bodmin, was also rector 1523-1533; his arms are in the east window of the south aisle.[5]

References[edit]

  1. ^ Place-names in the Standard Written Form (SWF) : List of place-names agreed by the MAGA Signage Panel. Cornish Language Partnership.
  2. ^ Mills, A. D. (1981) The Popular Dictionary of English Place-Names, ISBN 0-7525-1851-8
  3. ^ Hitchins, Fortescue; Drew, Samuel (1824). The History of Cornwall: from the earlist records and traditions, to the present time. W. Penaluna. p. 682. Retrieved 8 October 2011. 
  4. ^ Ordnance Survey (1988) Landranger 200; Newquay, Bodmin & surrounding area, 1:50 000
  5. ^ Cornish Church Guide (1925) Truro: Blackford; p. 221-22

External links[edit]

Media related to Withiel at Wikimedia Commons