Without the right of correspondence

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"Without the right of correspondence", WRC (Russian: Без права переписки, abbreviated as БПП in official documents) was a clause in a sentence of many political convicts in the Soviet Union.

In a large number of cases during the Great Purge, the oral sentence was "10 years of corrective labor camps without the right of correspondence", which was announced to relatives, while the paperwork contained the real sentence: "the highest degree of punishment: execution by shooting".[1][2] Many people did not understand the official euphemism and incorrectly believed that their relative was still alive in prison.[2] As Alexander Solzhenitsyn put it in The Gulag Archipelago:

"Deprived of the right to correspond." And that means once and for all. "No right to correspondence"—and that almost for certain means: "Has been shot."[3]

All of the bodies identified from the mass graves at Vinnitsa and Kuropaty had received this sentence.[4]

Cases of deception[edit]


  1. ^ "An Aluminum Cross", a documentary case published in Zvezda magazine #7, 2003
  2. ^ a b Cohen, Stephen F. (2011). The Victims Return: Survivors of the Gulag After Stalin. London: I. B. Tauris. p. 68. ISBN 978-1-84885-848-0. 
  3. ^ Solzhenitsyn, Alexander (1974). The Gulag Archipelago. I. New York, NY: Harper Perennial. p. 6. ISBN 0-06-092103-X. 
  4. ^ Robert Conquest, The Great Terror: A Reassessment: 40th Anniversary Edition, Oxford University Press, USA, 2007. p. 287
  5. ^ Михаил Ефимович Кольцов — За что? Почему? (часть-1)

External links[edit]