Witney (UK Parliament constituency)
for the House of Commons
Boundary of Witney in Oxfordshire.
Location of Oxfordshire within England.
|Electorate||78,220 (December 2010)|
|Major settlements||Witney, Carterton, Charlbury|
|Member of parliament||David Cameron (Conservative)|
|Number of members||One|
|Created from||Mid Oxfordshire|
|European Parliament constituency||South East England|
Witney is a county constituency in Oxfordshire represented in the House of Commons of the Parliament of the United Kingdom. It elects one Member of Parliament (MP) by the first past the post system of election, and was created for the 1983 general election.
Hurd was succeeded by Shaun Woodward at the 1997 general election. However, Woodward defected to the Labour Party in 1999, and Witney unexpectedly had a Labour MP. Woodward chose not to stand in Witney as a Labour candidate and moved to the Labour safe seat of St Helens South instead, following the practice of Alan Howarth in 1997.
At the 2001 general election, David Cameron was elected as MP for Witney and has held the seat since then. He has been the leader of the Conservative Party since December 2005, and Prime Minister since May 2010. Cameron was re-elected to a fourth term as MP for the constituency at the 2015 general election with a majority of 25,155, the highest in his political career; on that occasion his Conservative Party won a surprise majority in the House of Commons, taking 330 seats to the opposition Labour Party's 232, and enabling them to become a majority government.
1983–1997: The District of West Oxfordshire wards of Ascott and Shipton, Aston Bampton and Standlake, Bampton, Bladon and Cassington, Brize Norton and Curbridge, Burford, Carterton North, Carterton South, Chadlington, Charlbury, Chipping Norton, Clanfield and Shilton, Combe and Stonesfield, Ducklington, Enstone, Eynsham, Filkins and Langford, Finstock and Leafield, Freeland and Hanborough, Hailey, Kingham, Milton-under-Wychwood, Minster Lovell, North Leigh, Rollright, Stanton Harcourt, Witney East, Witney North, Witney South, Witney West, and Woodstock; and the District of Cherwell wards of Gosford, North West Kidlington, South East Kidlington, and Yarnton.
1997–2010: The District of West Oxfordshire; and the District of Cherwell ward of Yarnton.
2010–present: The District of West Oxfordshire.
As part of the Fifth Periodic Review of Westminster constituencies the Boundary Commission reported in 2004 that the seat of Witney could be composed from the entire district of West Oxfordshire. Seven years later the Commission recommended no change.
Until 1974, much of the seat remained as part of the Woodstock and latterly Banbury constituency. From 1974 to 1983, the area was included in the Mid Oxfordshire seat along with parts of Bullingdon and Ploughley. Since 1983, Witney has been a full parliamentary seat in its own right and comprises the whole of the District of West Oxfordshire with surrounding villages attached until 1997.
Carterton is the second largest populated town with 14,000 and is situated alongside RAF Brize Norton which is vital to the local economy, being one of the largest and busiest Royal Air Force bases in the country.
For the 2010 general election, the Witney Parliamentary Constituency boundaries changed and it become co-terminous with the boundaries of West Oxfordshire District Council.
Members of Parliament
|1983||Douglas Hurd||Conservative||Later Baron Hurd of Westwell; Cabinet minister 1984–95|
|1997||Conservative||MP for St Helens South from 2001; later Secretary of State for Northern Ireland|
|2001||David Cameron||Conservative||Leader of the Conservative Party 2005–present; Prime Minister 2010–present|
|General election, May 2015 
Turnout: 58,482 (73.3%) +0.0
Majority: 25,155 (43.0%) +3.6
|Andy Graham||Liberal Democrat||3,953||6.8||-12.7|
|Stuart Sutherland MacDonald||Green||2,970||5.1||+0.9|
|Clive Peedell||National Health Action||616||1.1||N/A|
|Colin Roland Bex||Wessex Regionalist||110||0.2||+0.1|
|Vivien Inez Saunders||Reduce VAT in Sport||56||0.1||N/A|
|Bobby Smith||Give Me Back Elmo||37||0.1||N/A|
|Deek Jackson ||Land Party||35||0.1||+0.1|
|Nathan Paul Handley ||Independent||12||0.0||N/A|
|General election, May 2010 
Turnout: 57,769 (73.3%) +4.3
Majority: 22,740 (39.4%) +12.5
Swing: 6.3% from Lib Dem to Con
|Dawn Barnes||Liberal Democrat||11,233||19.4||−3.1|
|Count Nikolai Tolstoy||UKIP||2,001||3.5||+0.9|
|Howling Laud Hope||Monster Raving Loony||234||0.3||N/A|
|Colin Roland Bex||Wessex Regionalist||62||0.1||N/A|
|General Election, May 2005
Turnout: 53,869 (69.0%) +3.1
Majority: 14,156 (26.3%) +10.1
Swing: 0.8% from Lib Dem to Con
|Liz Leffman||Liberal Democrat||12,415||23.0||+2.7|
|General election, June 2001
Turnout: 49,203 (65.9%) −10.8
Majority: 7,973 (16.2%) +3.8
Swing: 1.9% from Lab to Con
|Gareth Epps||Liberal Democrat||10,000||20.3||+0.5|
|General election, May 1997 
Turnout: 56,401 (76.7%)
Majority: 7,028 (12.4%) −27.3
Swing: 13.7% from Con to Lab
|Alexander J. Hollingsworth||Labour||17,254||30.6||+12.5|
|Mrs. Angela Lawrence||Liberal Democrat||11,202||19.9||−2.7|
|Geoffrey M. Brown||Referendum Party||2,262||4.0||N/A|
|Sue N. Chapple-Perrie||Green||636||1.1||+0.0|
|General election, April 1992 
Turnout: 64,306 (81.9%) +4.7
Majority: 22,568 (35.1%) +3.4
Swing: 2.8% from Con to Lab
|Ian M. Blair||Liberal Democrat||13,393||20.8||−4.9|
|Ms. Charlotte Beckford||Green||716||1.1||N/A|
|Ms. Sally B. Catling||Natural Law||134||0.2||N/A|
|Mrs Marilyn C.C. Brown||Independent Conservative||119||0.2||N/A|
|General election, June 1987 
Turnout: 58,185 (77.3%) +2.6
Majority: 18,464 (31.7%) +7.2
Swing: 3.6% from Lib to Con
|Muriel Eda Burton||Liberal||14,994||25.8||−5.1|
|Christine Frances Collette||Labour||9,733||16.7||+2.9|
|General election, June 1983 
Turnout: 51,823 (74.7%)
Majority: 12,712 (24.5%)
|Carole B. Douse||Labour||7,145||13.8||N/A|
- List of Parliamentary constituencies in Oxfordshire
- Henley (UK Parliament constituency)
- Oxford East (UK Parliament constituency)
- Oxford West and Abingdon (UK Parliament constituency)
- Wantage (UK Parliament constituency)
Notes and references
- "Electorate Figures – Boundary Commission for England". 2011 Electorate Figures. Boundary Commission for England. 4 March 2011. Retrieved 13 March 2011.
- "David Cameron". Witney Conservatives. 6 May 2010. Retrieved 22 December 2011.
- "Anger as Tory defects to Labour". BBC News. 18 December 1999. Retrieved 5 January 2011.
- Review area- Oxfordshire Boundary Commission for England via National Archives
- Final Recommendations – Oxfordshire BCE via National Archives
- What's Proposed – Oxfordshire Boundary Commission for England
- South West recommendations BCE
- 1885 Boundary Commission map Vision of Britain
- 1917 Boundary Commission map Vision of Britain
- Leigh Rayment's Historical List of MPs – Constituencies beginning with "W" (part 5)[self-published source][better source needed]
- "Stuart Macdonald at Oxfordshire Green Party". Oxfordshire Green Party.
- Giselle Green. "I'm standing against Cameron in Witney, announces Dr Clive Peedell – NHA Party". NHA Party.
- "Duncan Enright". labour.org.uk.
- "Six UKIP candidates". Oxford Mail.
- "CLASS WAR TO FIGHT DAVID CAMERON SEAT AT GENERAL ELECTION". Ian Bone.
- "Candidates (PPCs) for Witney in the UK 2015 General Election". YourNextMP.
- Statement of Persons Nominated, West Oxfordshire District Council
- "2010 Witney Election Result". BBC News. 6 May 2010. Retrieved 5 January 2011.
- "Politics Resources". Election 1997. Politics Resources. 1 May 1997. Retrieved 7 January 2011.
- C. Rallings & M. Thrasher, The Media Guide to the New Parliamentary Constituencies, p.178 (Plymouth: LGC Elections Centre, 1995)
- The 1997 election result is calculated relative to the notional, not the actual, 1992 result.
- "Politics Resources". Election 1992. Politics Resources. 9 April 1992. Retrieved 6 December 2010.
- "UK General Election results June 1987". Richard Kimber's Political Science Resources. Retrieved 5 February 2011.
- "UK General Election results June 1983". Richard Kimber's Political Science Resources. Retrieved 5 February 2011.
|Parliament of the United Kingdom|
Folkestone and Hythe
|Constituency represented by the Leader of the Opposition
Camberwell and Peckham
Kirkcaldy and Cowdenbeath
|Constituency represented by the Prime Minister
2010 – present