Witwatersrand Rifles Regiment

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Witwatersrand Rifles
Wits Rifles Insignia.jpg
SANDF Witwatersrand Rifles emblem
Active 1 May 1903 to present
Country  South Africa
Allegiance
Branch
Type Infantry
Role Mechanised infantry
Size One battalion
Part of South African Infantry Formation
Army Reserve
Garrison/HQ Germiston
Motto(s) Pro Deo et Patria (Latin)
(For God and Country)
March Within a mile O' Edinburgh town
Anniversaries 1 May 1903
(Regimental Day)
Battle honours
Battle Honours
Awarded
South West Africa 1914 - 1915
Italy 1944-45
Casino II
Allerona
Florence
Monte Querciabella
Monte Fili
The Greve
Gothic Line
Monte Stanco
Monte Salvaro
Sole/Caprara
Po Valley
Campo Santo Bridge
Commanders
Current
commander
Lt Col. G. Mazibuko
Colonel of the Regiment Col. (Hon) J.L. Job, SM MMM JCD
Insignia
Company level Insignia SA Army Company Insignia.png
SA Mechanised Infantry beret bar circa 1992 SA mechanised infantry beret bar circa 1992.jpg
SA mechanised infantry beret bar circa 1992

The Witwatersrand Rifles Regiment is a mechanised infantry regiment of the South African Army. As a reserve unit, it has a status roughly equivalent to that of a British Army Reserve or United States Army National Guard unit.

History[edit]

The Witwatersrand Rifles (often familiarly known as the "Wits Rifles") was formed on 1 May 1903 by members of the Railway Pioneer Regiment and the Rand Rifles, both of which had fought on the British side during the Second Anglo-Boer War of 1899 – 1902.

As befitted a regiment based from the gold-rich Witwatersrand region, it had a very close relationship with the mining establishment of the time; and its cap badge further emphasised this link.

Bambatha Rebellion[edit]

The Regiment first saw action during the Bambata Rebellion of 1906, when it deployed a contingent to (the then) Zululand.

In 1907 the Regiment was further strengthened when it absorbed the Transvaal Light Infantry Regiment.

World War 1[edit]

The regiment was mobilised again when World War I broke out. The first action that it took part in was the South African invasion of German South-West Africa (now Namibia). After the successful conclusion of this campaign, virtually all members volunteered for overseas service. Most of the volunteers were consequently assigned to the 3rd South African Infantry Battalion. (Due to the South African military law of the time, soldiers could not be forced to serve overseas, nor could existing military units be deployed there.)

The most well-known action that this unit took part in was the Battle of Delville Wood in the Somme. Other members of the regiment served in the Witwatersrand Rifles company of 7 South African Infantry Battalion; this unit which served in German East Africa against the forces of General von Lettow Vorbeck.

Rand Revolt[edit]

The inter-war years saw the Regiment deployed during the 1922 Rand Revolt, when rebellious South African Communist Party white miners attempted to overthrow the government of General Jan Smuts.

In the early 1930s the Regiment affiliated with the Cameronians (Scottish Rifles) Regiment of the British Army. As a consequence, the Witwatersrand Rifles adopted the uniform and many of the traditions of this Scottish Lowland regiment. Despite the Cameronians' disbandment in 1968, the Wits Rifles still continues this heritage today.

World War 2[edit]

As a result of the outbreak of World War II in 1939, the Regiment was expanded to two battalions. However, due to the battalions being used to supply replacements in a piecemeal fashion to depleted South African units taking part in the North African Campaign, the Witwatersrand Rifles was only deployed as a coherent unit (to Egypt) in 1943.

During its service in North Africa, the Witwatersrand Rifles was amalgamated with Regiment de la Rey. This combined Regiment, nicknamed the "Royal Boere", saw extensive action in Italy as part of the South African 6th Armoured Division, particularly at Monte Caprara and Monte Stanco.

Border War[edit]

From 1970 until the first all-race democratic elections in 1994, the Regiment saw action in the South African Border War in South-West Africa (now Namibia) and Angola as well as on the South Africa/Botswana border and in South African townships.

Post 1994[edit]

When conscription ended in 1993, the Regiment began an active recruitment drive to maintain reserve troop strength. During South Africa's second democratic election in 1999, the Regiment deployed 180 volunteers in support of the South African Police Service (SAPS).

In the 21st century the Witwatersrand Rifles Regiment continues to attract volunteers for regular part-time training. To re-establish and maintain the its Scottish links, the Regiment has formed alliances with the Cameronians (Scottish Rifles) and the King's Own Scottish Borderers (now amalgamated into the Royal Scots Borderers). Members of the Regiment continue to maintain their traditional Scottish Lowland uniforms and traditions and uphold very high standards of discipline and effective military training. The Regiment also has an active pipe band as well as one of the top shooting teams in the country and is ably supported by a Regimental Council, a very active Regimental Association and a Ladies Committee.

Peacekeeping[edit]

Over the past few years the Regiment has provided troops for internal operations in support of the South African Police Service and on the border (as part of Operation Corona) as well as for United Nations peacekeeping operations in the DRC and the Sudan.[1]

Commanding Officers[edit]

Railway Pioneer Regiment[edit]

Witwatersand Rifles[edit]

  • Lt Col. J.G. Hamilton, MVO (1903–1905) (Later Hon. Col.)
  • Lt Col. T.J. Macfarlane, (1906–1908)
  • Lt Col. R.W. Schumacher – Ffennell (1908–1909) (Later Hon. Col.)
  • Lt Col. C.B. Saner (1909–1912)
  • Lt Col. J.W. Smyth, VD (1912–1919)
  • Lt Col. S.B. Schlam (1919–1923)
  • Lt Col. R. Dukoff – Gordon, VD (1923–1928)
  • Lt Col. W.C.M. Howarth, VD (1928–1931)
  • Lt Col. W. Crewe – Brown, VD (1931–1936) & (29 April 1942 – 9 August 1942)
  • Lt Col. L.F. Sprenger, DSO MC VD (1936–1939)
  • Lt Col. W. James, ED (1939–1942) & (10 February 1943 – 5 July 1943)
  • Lt Col. H.C. Sumner, MC VD (9 August 1942 – 20 February 1943)
  • Lt Col. W.A.D. Cherrington, VD (2 Bn) (1940–1941) (Later Col. W.A.D. Cherrington, VD)
  • Lt Col. J.B. Bester, DSO & Bar (1943–1945) (Later Brig. J.B. Bester, DSO & Bar and Hon Col)
  • Lt Col. W.R. Van Der Riet, MC (1945–1946) (Later Lt Gen. W.R. Van Der Riet, SSA SM MC and Hon Col.)
  • Lt Col. G.M. St.L. Daines, ED (1946–1951)
  • Cmdt. C.J.R. Nicholls, ED (1951–1956)
  • Cmdt. E.C. Harris, ED (1956–1962)
  • Cmdt. C.L. Pitt, JCD (1962–1965)
  • Cmdt. R.C. Gradige (1965–1968)
  • Cmdt. C.J. Derby–Lewis (1968–1973) (Acting OC: 1967–1968)
  • Cmdt. D.C. Fletcher, SM JCD (1973–1981)
  • Cmdt. (Dr.) J.L. Job, SM MMM JCD (1981–1986) (Later Hon. Col.)
  • Cmdt. A.E. Dixon – Seager, MMM JCD (1986–1989)
  • Lt Col. K.J. Townsend, SM MMM JCD (1989–1997)
  • Lt Col. E.L. Carton – Barber, JCD (1997–2002) (Later Col. E.L. Carton – Barber, JCD)
  • Lt Col. C.E. Casey, JCD (2002–2005)
  • Lt Col. M.F. Robberts (2005–2007)
  • Maj. I.D. Stins RD (Acting OC: 2006 - 2007)
  • Lt Col. J.C.L. Valentine (2007 – 2012)
  • Lt Col. L.H. Malakoane (2012 – 2014)
  • Lt Col. S.G. Mooketsi (2014 – 2015)
  • Maj. A.M. Mosehlana (2015 - 2016)
  • Capt. T. Tsotetsi (Acting OC: 2016)
  • Lt. Col. G. Mazibuko (2016 - Present)

Colonel-in-Chief[edit]

(This Honorary post officially fell away in 1961 when the Union of South Africa became a Republic)

Honorary Colonels[edit]

Regimental Symbols[edit]

  • Regimental motto: "Pro Deo et Patria" (For God and Country). This motto was adopted in 1961, when the Republic of South Africa became a republic, prior to 1961 the motto was "Pro Deo et Rege et Patria" (For God, King and Country).
  • Regimental march: "Within a Mile O' Edinburgh Town".
  • Regimental anniversaries: Regimental Day (1 May), Monte Stanco Day (20 April).
  • Regimental Freedoms: Germiston, Johannesburg, Barberton.
  • Regimental badge: A Maltese cross within a wreath of ten Protea flowers, with a rifle on each side of the cross. The cross is surmounted by a stringed bugle and in the centre of the cross is a mine shaft in a circlet. At the top of the wreath is the Cameronian Star and on the base of the wreath is a scroll with the inscription "Pro Deo et Patria".
  • Regimental headdress: Glengarry or Kilmarnoch with black hackle.
  • Regimental tartan: Douglas (trews).

Previous Dress Insignia[edit]

SADF era Witwatersrand Rifles shoulder title 
UDF and SADF Witwatersrand Rifles Cap badges 
Witwatersrand Rifles black hackle 
Witwatersrand Rifles bonny cap 

Current Dress Insignia[edit]

SANDF Infantry wide cloth beret badge 
SANDF Infantry wide shoulder flash 

Honours and Affiliations[edit]

Battle honours[edit]

As a Rifle regiment, the Witwatersrand Rifles does not carry colours. Instead the honours banner are displayed on the pipes of the Pipe Major. The Witwatersrand Rifles has the following battle honours:

  • First World War:
    • South West Africa 1914–1915
  • Second World War:
    • Italy 1944–45
    • Cassino II
    • Allerona
    • Florence
    • Monte Querciabella
    • Monte Fili
    • The Greve
    • Gothic Line
    • Monte Stanco
    • Monte Salvaro
    • Sole/Caprara
    • Po Valley
    • Campo Santo Bridge

Sister Regiments[edit]

Alliances[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ "WITWATERSRAND RIFLES" (PDF). www.rfdiv.mil.za. Retrieved 2014-05-01. 

External links[edit]