Wixford

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Wixford
Wixford.jpg
Wixford with St. Milburga's in the background
Wixford is located in Warwickshire
Wixford
Wixford
Location within Warwickshire
Population155 (2011 Census)
OS grid referenceSP088543
District
Shire county
Region
CountryEngland
Sovereign stateUnited Kingdom
Post townAlcester
Postcode districtB49
PoliceWarwickshire
FireWarwickshire
AmbulanceWest Midlands
EU ParliamentWest Midlands
UK Parliament
List of places
UK
England
Warwickshire
52°11′13″N 1°52′19″W / 52.187°N 1.872°W / 52.187; -1.872Coordinates: 52°11′13″N 1°52′19″W / 52.187°N 1.872°W / 52.187; -1.872

Wixford is a hamlet and civil parish in the Stratford-on-Avon District of Warwickshire, England, situated 1.5 miles (2.4 km) south of Alcester. The population at the 2011 census was 155.[1] The name derives from a compound of the Old English personal name Whitlac with the noun for a river crossing "ford".[2] William Shakespeare is said to have joined a party of Stratford folk which set itself to outdrink a drinking club at Bidford-on-Avon, and as a result of his labours in that regard to have fallen asleep under the crab tree of which a descendant is still called Shakespeare's tree. When morning dawned, his friends wished to renew the encounter but he wisely said "No, I have drunk with "Piping Pebworth, Dancing Marston, Haunted Hillboro', Hungry Grafton, Dodging Exhall, Papist Wixford, Beggarly Broom and Drunken Bidford" and so, presumably, I will drink no more. The story is said to date from the 17th century, but of its truth or of any connection of the story or the verse to Shakespeare there is no evidence.[3] The reasons for the village being described as papist remain unclear, but may be a reference to the Catholic Throckmorton family. In 1541, the village passed to Sir George Throckmorton, in whose family it remained until 1919, when the estate was sold and the manorial rights extinguished.[4]

History[edit]

The village is first mentioned when Ufa, a Saxon Earl of Warwick, gave the land at Wixford and his body to be buried to the monastery of Evesham Abbey in 974. However, Godwine, a powerful man who had purchased the inheritance of that abbey from King Ethelred, granted it to Wulfgeat, son and heir to Ufa, for life, upon condition it was returned. Notwithstanding this agreement, Wulfgeat's heirs retained the land until the time of King Edward the Confessor, when Abbot Agelwyne purchased it from Wygod, a potent baron and heir to Wulfgeat. Wulfgeat's heirs paid a valuable price and regained the land for the monks.[5] It is recorded in the Domesday Book "In Ferncombe Hundred, Evesham Abbey holds 5 hides in Witelavesford. Land for 6 ploughs. In lordship 2; 3 male and 2 female slaves; 4 villagers and 6 smallholders with 2 ploughs. A mill at 10s and 20 sticks of eels; meadow, 24 acres; woodland 1 furlong long and 1/2 wide. Value before 1066, 40s; later 30s; now 50s. Wigot held this land before 1066."[6]

Economy[edit]

The area is largely agricultural with no large employers in the area, most residents commuting to larger towns nearby.

Governance[edit]

Wixford is part of the Alcester & Rural ward of Stratford-on-Avon District Council and is represented by Susan Adams (Conservative).[7] Nationally, it is part of the Stratford-on-Avon constituency; the current member of parliament is Nadhim Zahawi of the Conservative Party. It is included in the West Midlands electoral region of the European Parliament; in the 2014 elections the seven members elected were: Philip Bradbourn OBE, (who died in December 2014; replaced by Daniel Dalton) and Anthea McIntyre (Conservative), Neena Gill and Siôn Simon (Labour), Bill Etheridge and Jill Seymour (UKIP) and James Carver (elected for UKIP; now Independent).

Geography[edit]

Notable buildings[edit]

St Milburga's Church, Wixford, Warwickshire

The parish church dedicated to St. Milburga of Wenlock, was founded in the 12th century. Domesday makes no mention of a priest at Wixford. The dedication of the church to the Saxon St. Milburg seems to be evidence of its antiquity, but not necessarily of a pre-Conquest foundation, for the cult of St. Milburg was revived, after long neglect, by the translation of her relics at Wenlock in 1101.[4] The church comprises a nave and chancel under one roof, south chantry chapel, south porch, and bell turret There is one ancient, uninscribed bell, and another by John Martin of Worcester, dated. The bell was recast in 1937, retaining the old inscription.[8] The church was restored in 1881 and the south porch and the western bell turret probably date from then.[4] There are two Norman doorways on the south having columns.[9] The southern chapel, dedicated to St. John the Baptist, was built early in the 15th century by Thomas de Cruwe, who was legal advisor to Margaret Beauchamp, Countess of Warwick. In the south chapel is the fine table tomb to Thomas de Cruwe and his wife, Juliana (1400–11), with fine canopied brasses.[10]

The church is approached by a churchyard shaded by an old yew. In 1660, six parishioners accused the rector of wishing to cut down a yew tree in the churchyard 'the like whereof is not to be found in all the diocese'.[3] In 1730 Dr. Thomas, rector here, gave its height as 53 feet (16 m) and its circumference as 18 feet 3 inches (5.56 m). However, according to a rhyme in a volume of cuttings relating to Ragley at the Shire Hall, 'In 1763 in Wixford churchyard there was felled a yew tree, In 1765 There was planted another that never will thrive.'[4]

The churchyard also contains a grade II-listed horsehouse of hurdle and gorse with a thatched roof dating from the 18th century.[11] Wixford never having a separate living, being a chapel of Exhall since the reformation so it was provided for the mounts of the visiting clergy from other parishes. There is also a fine large base of a churchyard cross with a moulded top edge, the stump of a shaft, and three steps to the platform dating from the 15th century.[4]

For much of the late 19th and early 20th century people travelled from Alcester to the Sunday evening services in St. Milburga's.

The remains of Oversley Castle are one-half mile (0.80 km) north of the village and the Roman road Icknield Street runs very close by.

Transport links[edit]

The village formerly was served by Wixford railway station, built by the Evesham & Redditch Railway Company in September 1866 as part of the Gloucester Loop Line. At the time of its closure in January 1950 it belonged to British Rail. The line, the station, and the associated railway bridge no longer exist as a result of the notorious Beeching Axe however, the Heart of England Way, popular with hikers, runs along part of the old line. The River Arrow also runs through the village.

Sports and leisure[edit]

The village has two pubs, the Fish Inn and the Three Horseshoes.

Because of its proximity to the border of Worcestershire, the Exhall & Wixford cricket club, which plays in the Cotswold Hills League, is affiliated to both the Warwickshire and Worcestershire County Cricket Boards. The small village hall, with a capacity of 70, is available for hire by members of the public.

References[edit]

  1. ^ "Civil Parish population 2011". Retrieved 3 January 2016.
  2. ^ Place Names in the Landscape, Margaret Gelling, 1984 ISBN 0-460-04380-3
  3. ^ a b Highways and Byways in Shakspeares Country, Hutton 1914
  4. ^ a b c d e 'Parishes: Wixford', A History of the County of Warwick: Volume 3: Barlichway hundred (1945), pp. 188–193.Date accessed: 12 January 2011
  5. ^ William Dugdale, The Antiquities of Warwickshire, 1656
  6. ^ Domesday Book for Warwickshire, Phillimore edited by John Morris ISBN 0-85033-141-2
  7. ^ "Councillor details". Stratford-on-Avon District Council. Retrieved 14 June 2018.
  8. ^ Tilley and Walters, Church Bells of Warwickshire
  9. ^ The Old Parish Churches of Warwickshire, Mike Salter, 1992 ISBN 1-871731-13-5
  10. ^ Old Warwickshire Churches, W Hobart Bird 1936
  11. ^ / English Heritage listed building status Accessed 3 February 2011