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Wizard (horse)

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Wizard
Wizard horse.jpg
Portrait of Wizard by Benjamin Marshall
Sire Sorcerer
Grandsire Trumpator
Dam Precipitate mare
Damsire Precipitate
Sex Stallion
Foaled 1806
Country United Kingdom
Colour Chestnut
Breeder Mr. Goodison
Owner Christopher Wilson
Trainer Tom Perren
Record 10: 7-2-0
Earnings 3850 gs
Major wins
Sweepstakes of 100 gs at Newmarket (1809)
2000 Guineas Stakes (1809)
Match against Pope (1810)
Sweepstakes of 100 gs at Newmarket (1811)
Match against Middlethorpe (1811)

Wizard (1806 – 30 June 1813) was a British Thoroughbred racehorse. He won seven of his ten races, with all his wins coming at Newmarket. In 1809 he won the 2000 Guineas Stakes, before finishing second in the Derby Stakes. The following year he won a match race against his Derby conqueror Pope. Throughout his racing career he was owned by Christopher Wilson and trained by Tom Perren. Wizard only stood as a stallion for two years before dying in an accident in 1813. His son Young Wizard won the Riddlesworth Stakes and was the runner-up in the Derby in 1817.

Background[edit]

Wizard was a chestnut colt foaled in 1806 and bred by Mr. Goodison.[1] He was sired by Sorcerer, a successful racehorse and three-time Champion sire in Britain. Amongst Sorcerer's other progeny were 2000 Guineas and Derby winner Smolensko, St. Leger winner Soothsayer and the Oaks winners Morel, Maid of Orleans and Sorcery.[2] Wizard's dam was a daughter of Precipitate. Wizard was the second of her ten foals.[1] He was trained by Tom Perren.[3]

Racing career[edit]

1809: Three-year-old season[edit]

Engraving of Pope beating Wizard in the 1809 Epsom Derby
Engraving of Pope (foreground) beating Wizard in the 1809 Epsom Derby

Wizard did not race as a two-year-old and he made his debut on 3 April 1809 in a sweepstakes of 100 guineas each at the Newmarket Craven meeting.[4] Ridden by William Clift, he started the race as the 6/5 favourite and won it easily from Chryseis.[5] Cock Robin finished third, with three others behind him.[4] Two weeks later he started 4/5 favourite for the 2000 Guineas Stakes over the Rowley Mile at Newmarket.[6] This was the first running of the 2000 Guineas.[3] Also near the front of the betting were Japan at 10/3, Robin at 6/1 and Fair Star at 7/1. Eight runners started the race, which Wizard won from Robin. Fair Star finished third and Japan fourth.[6]

Wizard then went to Epsom Downs for the Derby Stakes, where he was again ridden by Clift, as he had been in his previous two races.[7] He started as the odds-on favourite, priced at about 8/11.[8] Fair Star was the second favourite, with Salivator third in the betting. Salivator took the lead and held it until the field turned into the finishing straight, where Wizard overtook him. Wizard was in front until a few yards from the finish, where he was passed by Pope, a 20/1 outsider. Pope won the race by a neck from Wizard with Salivator in third and Fair Star in fourth.[7] In his last race of the season Wizard finished fourth in the St. Leger Stakes at Doncaster. The race was won by Ashton, who had started as favourite.[9] The St. Leger was the first time Wizard had not been ridden by William Clift, with Francis Buckle riding him.[10]

1810: Four-year-old season[edit]

Wizard did not reappear as a four-year-old until October, when he defeated Derby winner Pope over one and a quarter miles at Newmarket. Pope had started the race as the 1/2 favourite.[11] The following day, Wizard walked over for one-third of a subscription of 25 guineas each.[12] These were his only two appearances in 1810.

1811: Five-year-old season[edit]

Wizard's first race as a five-year-old was a sweepstakes of 100 guineas each on 20 April at Newmarket. He faced three opponents and won the race from odds-on favourite Spaniard.[13] He was then intended to face 1810 Derby winner Whalebone at Newmarket in early May, but Whalebone's owner, the 4th Duke of Grafton, paid a forfeit and the race never took place.[14] He beat Middlethorpe at Newmarket after Middlethorpe unseated his rider in the early stages of the race. The match against Middlethorpe won him 500 guineas.[15] The following day he beat Anthonio over five and a half furlongs.[16] He faced Middlethorpe again in September when he fell lame and Middlethorpe beat him. This was his final race and he was retired to stud.[17] Throughout his racing career Wizard earned 3850 guineas.

Race record[edit]

Date Race name Distance Course Prize Odds Runners Place Winner/Runner-up Ref.
3 April 1809 Sweepstakes of 100gs 1 mile 2f Newmarket 0700 700 gs 01.206/5 6 1 Chyrseis [4]
18 April 1809 2000 Guineas Stakes 1 mile Newmarket 1450 gs 00.804/5 8 1 Robin [6]
18 May 1809 Derby Stakes 1 mile 4f Epsom Downs 1050 gs 00.738/11 10 2 Pope [8]
25 September 1809 St. Leger Stakes 2 miles Doncaster 1250 gs 10.0010/1 14 4 Ashton [9]
1 October 1810 Match against Pope 1 mile 2f Newmarket 0200 200 gs 02.00 2 1 Pope [11]
2 October 1810 Sweepstakes of 25 gs 2 miles ½f Newmarket 0125125 gs 00.00N/A 1 1 Walkover [11]
20 April 1811 Sweepstakes of 100 gs 1 mile 7½f Newmarket 0450450 gs 03.507/2 4 1 Spaniard [13]
17 May 1811 Match against Middlethorpe 4 miles 1½f Newmarket 0500500 gs 01.00 2 1 None [15]
18 May 1811 Match against Anthonio 5½ furlongs Newmarket 0200200 gs 00.835/6 2 1 Anthonio [16]
30 September 1811 Match against Middlethorpe 1 mile 7½f Newmarket 0200200 gs 00.574/7 2 2 Middlethorpe [17]

Stud career[edit]

Wizard was a stallion at Elmsal Lodge near Ferrybridge, Yorkshire. In 1812 his stud fee was ten guineas plus half a guinea for the groom.[18] He also stood at Emsal, for the same fee, in 1813.[19] He only stood as a stallion for these two seasons[20] and died on 30 June 1813 at Elmsal Lodge two days after running into a post. He broke three ribs and an iron bar attached to the post became so lodged in his backbone that it took two men to remove it.[21] Wizard sired three winners of eleven races.

His winning progeny were:

  • Wizard filly (1813) – won a maiden race at Penrith in three two-mile heats in 1816. She ran in the Richmond Cup, but was unplaced.[22]
  • Warlock (1814) – won two races at Chesterfield and two races at Pontefract in 1817.[23] He also won a race of four three-mile heats at Durham in 1818.[24]
  • Young Wizard (1814) – owned by the 3rd Baron Foley and later the 2nd Marquess of Exeter. As a three-year-old in 1817 he won the Riddlesworth Stakes at Newmarket and a Produce Sweepstakes at Doncaster. A match between Young Wizard and Pickaxe at Newmarket finished in a dead heat. He also finished second to Azor in the Derby.[23] In 1818 he beat Sir Thomas in a match race[24] and won a race at Ascot Heath in 1819.[25]

Wizard's descendants include 1963 Irish 2000 Guineas and 1964 Queen Elizabeth II Stakes winner Linacre[26][27][28] and 1940 Gran Premio di Milano winner Sirte.[29][30] Through 1948 Prix Edmond Blanc winner Menetrier he is an ancestor of multiple time Canadian Champion sire and Hall of Fame inductee Vice Regent and his brother Viceregal and their many descendants (which include Deputy Minister, Victory Gallop and Trempolino), as well as Canadian Horse of the Year Canebora and 1979 Prix du Jockey Club winner Top Ville.[30][31][32] All these were descended through another unnamed daughter foaled in 1813, as was Hyacinthus, who won the 1940 Middle Park Stakes.[33][34] This unnamed daughter of Wizard was never trained to race as she was crippled.[1]

Through his 1814 daughter Wizardess his descendants include 1928 Grand Prix de Paris winner Cri de Guerre[35][36] and his descendants (including 1972 Bay Shore Stakes winner Explodent and 1983 Phoenix Stakes winner King Persian).[37]

Pedigree[edit]

Pedigree of Wizard, chestnut stallion, 1806[1][38][39]
Sire
Sorcerer (GB)
bl. 1796
Trumpator (GB)
blk. 1782
Conductor
ch. 1767
Matchem*
Snap mare*
Brunette
br. 1771
Squirrel
Dove
Young Giantess (GB)
b. 1790
Diomed
ch. 1777
Florizel
Spectator mare
Giantess
b. 1769
Matchem*
Molly Long Legs
Dam
Precipitate mare (GB)
1795
Precipitate (GB)
ch. 1787
Mercury
ch. 1778
Eclipse
Tartar mare
Herod mare
b. 1779
Herod
Maiden
Lady Harriet (GB)
b. 1783
Mark Anthony
b. 1767
Spectator
Rachel
Georgiana
b. 1771
Matchem*
Snap mare*

Note: b. = Bay, bl. = Black, br. = Brown, ch. = Chestnut

* Wizard was inbred 4x4x4 to Matchem. This means that the stallion appears three times in the fourth generation of his pedigree. He was also inbred 4x4 to the Snap mare.

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b c d The General Stud Book. J. S. Skinner, Baltimore. 1834. Retrieved 2013-01-07. 
  2. ^ "Sorcerer". Tbheritage.com. Retrieved 2012-12-24. 
  3. ^ a b "History of the 2000 Guineas 2012". Eclipse Magazine. 4 May 2012. Retrieved 2012-12-25. 
  4. ^ a b c Weatherby, Edward & James (1810). Racing calendar. 1809. H. Reynell, London. p. 2. Retrieved 2012-12-24. 
  5. ^ Sporting Magazine (Vol. 34). J. Wheble, London. 1809. 
  6. ^ a b c Weatherby, Edward & James (1810). Racing calendar. 1809. H. Reynell, London. p. 13. Retrieved 2012-12-24. 
  7. ^ a b Sporting Magazine (Vol. 34). J. Wheble, London. 1809. Retrieved 2013-01-07. 
  8. ^ a b Weatherby, Edward & James (1810). Racing calendar. 1809. H. Reynell, London. p. 42. Retrieved 2013-01-28. 
  9. ^ a b Weatherby, Edward & James (1810). Racing calendar. 1809. H. Reynell, London. p. 160. Retrieved 2012-12-24. 
  10. ^ "Sporting magazine (Vol. 35)". J. Wheble, London. 1809. Retrieved 2013-01-30. 
  11. ^ a b c Weatherby, Edward & James (1811). Racing calendar. 1810. H. Reynell, London. p. 173. Retrieved 2012-12-24. 
  12. ^ Weatherby, Edward & James (1811). Racing calendar. 1810. H. Reynell, London. p. 174. Retrieved 2012-12-24. 
  13. ^ a b Weatherby, Edward & James (1812). Racing calendar. 1811. C. H. Reynell, London. p. 10. Retrieved 2012-12-24. 
  14. ^ Weatherby, Edward & James (1812). Racing calendar. 1811. C. H. Reynell, London. p. 23. Retrieved 2012-12-24. 
  15. ^ a b Weatherby, Edward & James (1812). Racing calendar. 1811. C. H. Reynell, London. p. 33. Retrieved 2012-12-24. 
  16. ^ a b Weatherby, Edward & James (1812). Racing calendar. 1811. C. H. Reynell, London. p. 34. Retrieved 2013-01-30. 
  17. ^ a b Weatherby, Edward & James (1812). Racing calendar. 1811. C. H. Reynell, London. p. 168. Retrieved 2012-12-24. 
  18. ^ Weatherby, Edward & James (1812). Racing calendar. 1811. C. H. Reynell, London. p. 490. Retrieved 2012-12-24. 
  19. ^ Weatherby, Edward & James (1813). "Racing calendar. 1812". C. H. Reynell, London. p. 411. Retrieved 2013-01-30. 
  20. ^ "Early Studbook". Bloodlines.net. Retrieved 2012-12-24. 
  21. ^ Sporting Magazine (Vol.42). J. Wheble, London. 1813. 
  22. ^ Weatherby, Edward & James (1817). Racing calendar. 1816. C. H. Reynell, London. Retrieved 2012-12-24. 
  23. ^ a b Weatherby, Edward & James (1818). Racing calendar. 1817. C. H. Reynell, London. Retrieved 2012-12-24. 
  24. ^ a b Weatherby, Edward & James (1819). Racing calendar. 1818. C. H. Reynell, London. Retrieved 2012-12-24. 
  25. ^ Weatherby, Edward & James (1820). Racing calendar. 1819. C. H. Reynell, London. Retrieved 2012-12-24. 
  26. ^ "Linacre pedigree". equineline.com. 2012-05-08. Retrieved 2013-01-30. 
  27. ^ "Lady Earn pedigree". equineline.com. 2012-05-08. Retrieved 2013-01-30. 
  28. ^ "Gondoline pedigree". equineline.com. 2012-05-08. Retrieved 2013-01-30. 
  29. ^ "Sirte pedigree". equineline.com. 2012-05-08. Retrieved 2013-01-30. 
  30. ^ a b "Lutin pedigree". equineline.com. 2012-05-08. Retrieved 2013-01-30. 
  31. ^ "Menetrier pedigree". equineline.com. 2012-05-08. Retrieved 2013-01-30. 
  32. ^ "IDSHS Online Stud Book - Menetrier". IDSHS. Retrieved 2012-12-24. 
  33. ^ "Hyacinthus pedigree". equineline.com. 2012-05-08. Retrieved 2013-01-30. 
  34. ^ "IDSHS Online Stud Book - Piersfield". IDSHS. Retrieved 2013-01-30. 
  35. ^ "Cri de Guerre pedigrees". equineline.com. 2012-05-08. Retrieved 2013-01-30. 
  36. ^ "IDSHS Online Stud Book - Wizardess". IDSHS. Retrieved 2013-01-07. 
  37. ^ "IDSHS Online Stud Book - Cri de Guerre". IDSHS. Retrieved 2012-12-24. 
  38. ^ "Wizard (GB) pedigree". equineline.com. 2012-05-08. Retrieved 2012-12-24. 
  39. ^ "Godolphin Arabian Line". Tbheritage.com. Retrieved 2012-12-24.