Adaptations of The Wizard of Oz

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Poster for Fred R. Hamlin's 1902 musical extravaganza, the first major theatrical adaptation of The Wizard of Oz

The Wonderful Wizard of Oz is a 1900 novel by L. Frank Baum, which has been adapted into several different works, the most famous being the 1939 film The Wizard of Oz, starring Judy Garland. Many adaptations of the original novel The Wonderful Wizard of Oz have been adapted in turn for pantomime or amateur productions.

Film adaptations[edit]

Television adaptations[edit]

Many of the television programs cited in this list are not strict adaptions of The Wizard of Oz; rather, they have reinterpreted aspects of the book, such as characters and plot, to create sequels, prequels or side-plots, which are inspired by Baum's original text.

  • Rainbow Road to Oz was a proposed Walt Disney live-action production. A preview segment aired in 1957 on the Disneyland TV show, featuring Darlene Gillespie as Dorothy, Annette Funicello as Ozma, Bobby Burgess as the Scarecrow, Doreen Tracey as Scraps, the Patchwork Girl, and Jimmie Dodd as the Cowardly Lion.
  • The Land of Oz is the 1960 premiere episode of The Shirley Temple Show, known in previous seasons as Shirley Temple's Storybook, and no relation to the Shirley Temple Theatre which showcased old Temple films. This adaptation of The Marvelous Land of Oz was written by Frank Gabrielson and directed by William Corrigan. William Asher produced. The cast included Shirley Temple (Ozma/Tip), Ben Blue (The Scarecrow), Agnes Moorehead (Mombi), Sterling Holloway (Jack Pumpkinhead), Gil Lamb (The Tin Woodman), Jonathan Winters (Lord Nikidik), Arthur Treacher (Graves the Butler), and Mel Blanc (Voice of the sawhorse).
  • Tales of the Wizard of Oz is a 1961 animated series of short episodes based on the Oz characters from the book.
  • Off to See the Wizard is a 1967 television anthology series which showcased then-recent MGM family films. The Oz characters appeared in animated segments.
  • Return to Oz is a 1964 animated television special sequel-cum-remake of the 1939 film, based on the artistic renderings of the characters in the 1961 animated series.
  • Thanksgiving in the Land of Oz aka Dorothy in the Land of Oz (1980), animated television special starring Sid Caesar that aired during the Thanksgiving holiday.
  • A feature-length anime adaptation of the story was made by Toho in 1982 and was directed by Fumihiko Takayama, with music by Joe Hisaishi. The English version of the movie stars Aileen Quinn as the voice of Dorothy and Lorne Greene as the Wizard. Like the 1939 film, this anime take on The Wizard of Oz ends the story with Dorothy's trip home to Kansas after visiting the Wizard. Original songs are sung by Aileen Quinn in the English version, with lyrics by Sammy Cahn and Allen Byrnes. It was released in the United States before it premiered in Japan. In the U.S., it was released on video and syndicated to local television stations.
  • An anime adaptation of four of Baum's Oz books known as The Wonderful Wizard of Oz was created in 1986. It consists of 52 episodes and follows the story of Dorothy and her adventures in Oz with the Tin Woodman, Cowardly Lion, and Scarecrow. It continues on to the story of Ozma and Mombi, and follows the events in other Oz books. In 1987, HBO purchased the rights to the series and dubbed/edited together key episodes of the series into a series of movies. Production for the English version was done by the Canadian studio Cinar. Margot Kidder was hired as narrator for the series, which aired as a mini-series.
  • The Wizard of Oz, an animated series based on the 1939 film, was broadcast on ABC during the 1990–1991 TV season. The cartoon featured Dorothy returning to Oz, reuniting with her four friends, and journeying through the magical realm in an attempt to rescue the Wizard from a resurrected Witch of the West.
  • The Wonderful Galaxy of Oz (Space Oz no Bôken) is a 1990 anime series, involving Dorothy and the gang traveling the "Galaxy of Oz". It was truncated to 76 minutes and dubbed for American release as The Wonderful Galaxy of Oz
  • Sugar & Spice: The Wizard of Oz is a 1991 animated adaptation, part of the Funky Fables series by Saban Entertainment.
  • The Wizard of Oz is a little known 1995 adaptation made for British television set in the present day, starring Denise Van Outen as Dorothy, a spoiled socialite sent to Oz against her will, and featured an early appearance by Zöe Salmon. It was described as a more adult version of the story, with characters using profanity and sexual innuendo. It featured several thematic elements from the 1985 semi-sequel Return to Oz. Its low budget and mostly non-professional cast, along with low ratings and critical indifference, caused it to sink quickly from view, but it occasionally appears on TV in the UK.
  • The Oz Kids is a 1996 animated series by Hyperion Pictures and Nelvana featuring the children of the original characters.
  • Adventures in the Emerald City (Приключения в Изумрудном городе) is a 1999-2000 animated series directed by Alexander Makarov, Ilya Maximov and Denis Chernov.[1][2]
  • Tim Burton's Lost In Oz is a 2000 television pilot script, written by Trey Callaway with Tim Burton as executive producer. Key scenes were filmed by Michael Katleman.
  • Lost in Oz is a 2002 television pilot, never broadcast. It is a sequel to the 1939 film
  • In the Futurama episode "Anthology of Interest II", a retelling of the story is shown as a dream of Leela's with the cast of the show.
  • The 100th episode of the television comedy-drama show Scrubs, entitled "My Way Home", is a homage to the Wizard of Oz (the 1939 film more so than the book). Many references are made to the plot including the main character's shoes being painted red and his mentor Dr. Cox, who always teases him by calling him a girl's name, calls him Dorothy.
  • Tin Man was released in December 2007 on the Sci-fi Channel by RHI Entertainment and Sci Fi. This three-part miniseries, directed by Nick Willing and starring Zooey Deschanel, Richard Dreyfuss, Alan Cumming, Raoul Trujillo, Neal McDonough, Kathleen Robertson, was advertised as a re-imagined version of The Wizard of Oz, with a heavy science fantasy emphasis and, at first glance, giving only allusive references to most of the original story and the 1939 film.[citation needed] However, the revelation in the third part of Tin Man (that the heroine D.G. is a descendant of Dorothy Gale and that other humans, called "Slippers" by the people of Oz, have visited Oz since Gale's fateful adventure) indicates that the series portrays a future version of Oz, thereby making the mini-series both a sequel and a re-imagining.
  • W krainie czarnoksiężnika Oza - 1983-88 Polish Television adaptation of The Wonderful Wizard of Oz and The Marvelous Land of Oz. It was broadcast only in Poland.[citation needed]
  • OzEnders - A Children In Need episode of EastEnders in which June Brown starred as "Dorothy Cotton", Jon Culshaw as Ozzy Osbourne and Adam Woodyatt as "Ian Beale", and employed the rest of the cast of EastEnders, Merseybeat and Casualty.
  • In the 2006 episode of the Disney Channel Original Series That's So Raven titled "Soup to Nuts", Raven sees herself in a parody of The Wizard of Oz. Dr. Stuckerman (Steve Hytner) was the Wicked Witch of the West, Raven (Raven-Symoné) was Dorothy, Chelsea (Anneliese van der Pol) was the Scarecrow, Eddie (Orlando Brown) was the Cowardly Lion, Cory (Kyle Massey) was The Tin Man and Victor (Rondell Sheridan) was the Wizard.
  • The Witches of Oz is a 2011 television mini-series directed by Leigh Scott, based on the novels The Wonderful Wizard of Oz, Ozma of Oz, The Road to Oz, and The Magic of Oz by Baum.
  • In The Suite Life on Deck episode titled "Twister: Part 2", Bailey has a dream based on The Wizard of Oz, where she sees herself as Dorothy, Mr. Moseby as the munchkin, London as the Good Witch of the North, Moose as the Scarecrow, Cody as the Tin Man, Zack as the Flying Monkey, and Woody as the Cowardly Lion.
  • In the Cartoon Network series, Mad, there is a sketch where Buzz Lightyear wakes up from a dream similar to Dorothy waking up from her dream.
  • An episode of SpongeBob SquarePants shows SpongeBob and Patrick going to see Mr. Magic. As in The Wizard of Oz, Mr. Magic, who was thought to be a giant, magical head, is revealed to be a powerless, little man.
  • Tom and Jerry and the Wizard of Oz is a Tom and Jerry direct-to-video film, the first to be made for Blu-ray. It first appeared on Cartoon Network on August 13, 2011. This follows the same storyline and similar obstacles that happens in the 1939 MGM movie adaptation.
  • In the Raising Hope episode "Bro-gurt", broadcast November 29, 2011, a con man using motion capture technology behind a curtain to deceive an audience into thinking they were seeing Andrew Dice Clay through videoconferencing is uncovered by baby Hope, tells the people to ignore the man behind the curtain, and explains to certain characters that one has a brain, one a heart, and one courage.
  • Victorious: in a parody of The Wizard of Oz, Cat, as Dorothy, comes into the ladies' restroom, with the video in sepia. She puts her fish, Tofu, down, before opening a window to which a fan is attached. She accidentally hits herself against a stall, and is knocked out. With the video now in color, Cat, aka Dorothy, wakes up. Tori, as the Good Witch of the North, comes out of a stall. She sees that Cat has a ruby-colored PearPhone XT. With that, Jade, as the Wicked Witch, comes out of a stall which bursts open with red smoke. She tries to grab the PearPhone, but it shocks her electrically. Then Jade leaves, speaking her stage directions. With Tori happily following, Tori suggests Cat should "take a wazz." When Cat is confused, Robbie the Scarecrow, André the Lion, and Beck, playing Tin Man, say that they can help her find her way.
  • On the animated sitcom Family Guy, many jokes make fun of the Wizard of Oz.
  • In an episode of Rugrats, No Place Like Home, Susie dreams of a land like Oz after having her tonsils removed.
  • On Sesame Street Episode 847 (1976), the Wicked Witch, played by Hamilton herself, drops her broom and falls onto the street. In order to get the broom back, she must prove that she can be nice. The episode was poorly received by parents of frightened young children, and was never aired again.[citation needed] The fate of the footage is unknown.[citation needed]
  • An episode of Phineas and Ferb entitled Wizard of Odd In order to wash their house quickly, Phineas and Ferb build a contraption that spins it around, causing Candace to become so dizzy, she collapses. She soon finds herself in the magical land of Odd where Isabella, Dr. Doofenshmirtz, Jeremy, Buford, and Baljeet are remarkably like the characters from The Wizard of Oz.
  • An episode of Mickey Mouse Clubhouse, "Minnie's The Wizard of Dizz", places Minnie and Pluto in the roles of Dorothy and Toto respectively. Goofy, Mickey and Donald appear as the Scarecrow, Tin Mouse and Lion respectively, Clarabelle Cow as the good witch, Pete as the bad witch, and Ludwig von Drake as the wizard.
  • In the episode Slumber Party of the show Supernatural, Dorothy is revealed to be a hunter of evil and the daughter of L. Frank Baum. The Tin Man, Cowardly Lion and Scarecrow were freedom fighters, and the Tin Man was killed. In the season 10 episode There's No Place Like Home, Charlie reveals there was a war for the Emerald City and to win she made a deal with the Wizard of Oz to split herself into her good and dark sides. However, the Wizard is actually evil, having also been split into good and dark halves.
  • The Wicked Witch of the West is the main antagonist in the second half of the third season of the television series Once Upon a Time. She the first-born daughter of The Queen of Hearts (from Alice In Wonderland, and older half-sister of and the Evil Queen (from fairytale Snow White). In this version, the wicked witch was abandoned by her mother in the woods where a tornado took her to Oz. She is also given the name Zelena.
  • Emerald City is a television series in development by Universal Television that would draw inspiration from the original 14 books by L. Frank Baum. Created by Matthew Arnold, in January 2014 it had been officially picked up straight-to-series by NBC for 10 episodes, to premiere in 2015. Emerald City was billed by NBC as a limited "event series", with network chairman Robert Greenblatt suggesting that the franchise could be continued after the initial run.[3][4] In August 2014, it was reported that NBC would not be proceeding with the series.[5] In April 2015, NBC reversed course and announced that the series would move forward, now under the leadership of executive producer/writer David Schulner.[6]
  • An episode of the DC animated cartoons series Superfriends titled Planet Oz takes place in a world simulated after Oz created by Superman's arch enemy, Mister Mxyzptlk.

Stage adaptations[edit]

  • The first musical version of the book was produced by Baum and Denslow (with music by composer Paul Tietjens) in Chicago in 1902 and moved to New York in 1903. It used many of the same characters, and was aimed more at adult audiences. It had a long, successful run on Broadway. Baum added numerous political references to the script, mentioning President Theodore Roosevelt, Senator Mark Hanna, and John D. Rockefeller by name.[7] Many existing songs that had nothing to do with the story were interpolated. Baum followed with two additional Oz musicals, The Woggle-Bug (1905) and The Tik-Tok Man of Oz (1913). Both were panned as rehashes rather than sequels; although Tik-Tok did better than The Woggle-Bug, neither made it to Broadway.
  • The Wizard of Oz is a 1942 musical using songs from the 1939 film. It was adapted by Frank Gabrielson for the St. Louis Municipal Opera. The piece continues to receive frequent revivals.[8][9]
  • In 1959, the popular ice skating show Holiday on Ice included a condensed version of The Wizard of Oz.[10]
  • The Wiz is a 1975 musical with music and lyrics by Charlie Smalls, exclusively featuring African American actors. Stephanie Mills starred as Dorothy in the original Broadway cast. The production won the 1975 Tony Award for Best Musical. Geoffrey Holder directed a 1984 Broadway revival, which also featured Mills as Dorothy.
  • The Marvelous Land of Oz is a 1981 musical by Thomas W. Olson, Gary Briggle and Richard Dworsky. The original production, which included Briggle as the Scarecrow, was taped and shown on television.
  • The Wizard of Oz (1987–1989) is an adaptation by John Kane for the Royal Shakespeare Company, based on the novel and 1939 film, which hews more closely to the film's screenplay than the 1942 version did; this adaptation continues to be frequently revived and toured.[11][12]
  • The Wizard of A.I.D.S. is a 1987 adaptation of the Oz story which serves as an AIDS education tool.
  • The Wizard of Oz Live (1989–1990) is an arena touring production in celebration of the film's 50th anniversary. The production featured a pre-recorded soundtrack.
  • The Wizard of Oz in Concert: Dreams Come True was a 1995 concert performance of the Royal Shakespeare Company's adaptation at Lincoln Center, featuring celebrity actors such as Jewel as Dorothy, Roger Daltrey as the Tin Man, Joel Grey as the Wizard (a role he later reprised in Wicked), Nathan Lane as the Lion, Debra Winger, Natalie Cole, Jackson Browne as the Scarecrow, and Lucie Arnaz.
  • The Wizard of Oz on Ice (1995–1999) was a production produced by Kenneth Feld, that toured nationally and internationally around the world.[citation needed]
  • The Wizard of Oz on Tour was a 1998 touring production of the 1987 RSC version that originally played in the Madison Square Garden theatre in May 1997. Roseanne Barr was the Wicked Witch, replaced by Eartha Kitt in 1998 and JoAnne Worley and Liliane Montevecchi in 1999. Mickey Rooney was the Wizard. The production played at Madison Square Garden from May 1997 to May 1999. The touring production ran from May 1998 to late 1999.
  • Wicked (2003–Present) is a 2003 Broadway and West End musical based on the book Wicked: The Life and Times of the Wicked Witch of the West by Gregory Maguire. It features music and lyrics by Stephen Schwartz.
  • Der Zauberer von Oz is a 2005 stage play with music by Ralf Linke, performed by the Festspiele Balver Höhle.[citation needed]
  • - The Wonderful Wizard of Oz (musical) is a 2000 musical that premiered in Toronto.
  • Dothy et Le Magicien d'Oz was a 2009 musical spectacular that played in France. A cast album was generated.[citation needed]
  • The Wizard of Oz (2011 musical) is a 2011 West End version building on the 1939 film songs and script with new material by Tim Rice and Andrew Lloyd Webber. It began previews on February 7, 2011 and officially opened on March 1. Danielle Hope was chosen to play the role of "Dorothy" through the BBC UK TV Series Over the Rainbow. Michael Crawford plays the role of the WIzard.
  • The Wonderful Wizard is a ballet by the Italian choreographer Giorgio Madia, who created an entirely danced version for the company of Staatsballett Berlin on compositions by Dmitri Shostakovich. The production premiered in March 2011. The role of the Wizard was interpreted by Vladimir Malakhov, the role of Dorothy by Polina Semionova.
  • We're off to find the Wizard (2012) is a small sequel to the original 1939 film. A Winscombe Youth Theatre Production, written and directed by John Butler with Rosie Kirkpatrick and Loren Tate as Dorthy and Jake Mason as the Wizard of Oz.
  • The Wonderful Wizard of Oz (2012) is a small stage adaptation written by Rory Kelly for Edinburgh University Relief Theatre Society. It features characters from the original book and its sequels."Relief Theatre: The Wonderful Wizard of Oz". 
  • Brain, Heart, Courage & Kansas (2013) is a musical adaptation for children, which updates the story to modern day, written by Diane Brooks with music by Neil Stevens.
  • Drama Club Must Die is a two-act musical written for younger audiences which includes a farcical whirlwind musical version of The Wizard of Oz in the second act.[13]
  • "The New Wizard of Oz" (2012) by Jeannette Jaquish, adds more scenes and lines for Munchkins, Flying Monkeys, Emerald Citizen, Winky Guards, Auntie Em and Uncle Henry, and flashbacks to the East and West Witches as children to explain their susceptibility to water and falling houses. Music is public domain, such as "Simple Melody/Musical Demon" by Irving Berlin for the Scarecrow's song, and original music by Kevin MacLeod for action scenes, and public domain classics such as "Hall of the Mountain King" by Edvard Grieg, "Thus Spake Zarathustra" by Richard Strauss, and "Danse Macabre" by Saint-Saens for the Tornado, the Wizard's Throne and the Flying Monkey Attack, respectively, performed by Kevin MacLeod.[14]
  • Emerald City, a musical Wizard of Oz sequel, originally appeared at the 2014 Toronto Fringe Festival. The plot follows Dorothy, Tin Man, Scarecrow and Lion as they enter group therapy with a psychiatrist named Dr. Oz. Glinda also makes an appearance. The show features public domain music with a script by Darren Stewart-Jones.[15]


There are over 40 canonical Oz books, including 14 by Baum, all of which are considered "official" sequels or prequels to The Wonderful Wizard of Oz. In addition, the following books use the Oz milieu as settings for their tales:

  • Oz Reimagined: New Tales from the Emerald City and Beyond anthology edited by Douglas Cohen & John Joseph Adams published by Amazon Publishing's 47North imprint.[16]
  • Home from Oz (Thomas Nelson, 1994) and The Oz Syndrome (Hillcrest Publishers, 2001) are two books penned by psychologist and professor, Dr.Michael A. O'Donnell which deal with the Oz characters and MGM musical version from a psychological point of view.
  • Was is a 1992 parallel novel by Geoff Ryman focusing on the lives of disparate individuals linked to one another by the original novel and the 1939 film.
  • Wicked: The Life and Times of the Wicked Witch of the West is a 1995 novel by Gregory Maguire, which provides a backstory regarding Elphaba, the future Wicked Witch of the West. Wicked has three sequels: Son of a Witch (2005), A Lion Among Men (2008) and Out Of Oz (2011). Wicked is the most famous and popular parallel novel to Baum's original,[citation needed] although it bears a great deal of resemblance to the 1939 film. Wicked is also a Tony award winning stage musical 2003. The musical has been performed on Broadway (U.S), the West End (U.K) and in many other parts of the world. Some critics have stated that the musical version is a "watered down" interpretation of the novel.[citation needed]
  • Dare is a 2007 novel by BET host Abiola Abrams, with several references to the tale of Oz. The main character's middle name is Gayle, which was Dorothy's last name, and she is on a journey to find love, courage and home. A record producer referred to as "the wizard" is named Ozzie Marvelous, and there is a "wicked witch" stylist and her "good" sister. The hotel Heretix is on a yellow bricked road and they leave Ohio in a tornado and land in beautiful sunshine the author refers to as Technicolor. There is also a frequent refrain that "no place was home."[17]
  • A Barnstormer in Oz is a 1982 novel by Philip José Farmer in which a pilot named Hank Stover, who is Dorothy's son, is transported to Oz when his plane becomes lost in a green cloud over Kansas.
  • The Wizard of the Emerald City, a 1939 children's novel by Russian writer Alexander Melentyevich Volkov, is a loose translation of The Wonderful Wizard of Oz. It was adapted into animated series (1973)[18] and a live action film (1994).[19] It has 5 sequels by the same author.
  • The Number of the Beast by Robert A. Heinlein uses Oz as one of many alternate universe settings in which events take place, alongside alternate versions of the setting's Earth, Barsoom, and Lensmen settings, as well as other of Heinlein's own works' settings.
  • Dorothy: The Darker Side of Oz, is a 2010 novel by Scott Stanford.
  • Dorothy Must Die, a 2014 young adult novel by Danielle Paige.
  • Return to "Return to Oz" and Other Tales[20] is a 2014 collection of short horror and fantasy stories by Justin MacCormack.


  • MGM's Marvelous Wizard of Oz was the first joint publishing venture between DC Comics and Marvel Comics.[21]
  • Marvel Treasury of Oz printed The Marvelous Land of Oz.
  • One of the issues of Classics Illustrated Junior was a condensed version of The Wizard of Oz.
  • The comic book series Oz Squad features an adult Dorothy and her original companions from The Wonderful Wizard of Oz as a covert operations group protecting Oz from threats both within its borders and from the "real world".
  • The Oz-Wonderland War is a comics story in which the people of Oz fight together with the characters of Lewis Carrol's Alice's Adventures in Wonderland and Through the Looking-Glass against the villainous Nome King.
  • Dorothy of Oz (Korean:Dorosi) is a manhwa (Korean comic) by Son Hee-joon about an ordinary girl named Mara Shin who winds up in a science-fantasy realm called "Oz". She meets up with this realm's version of the Scarecrow, the Tin Woodsman and the Cowardly Lion, and follows the Yellow Brick Road to find her way home.[22]
  • The comic book Dorothy was launched by Illusive Arts Entertainment in November 2005. Presented in semi-fumetti style using digitally altered photographs, this retelling of Baum's story has been updated to 2005 and features model Catie Fisher as 16-year-old Dorothy Gale, a disaffected youth with dyed hair and piercings who steals her uncle's car and runs away from home; until she encounters a tornado and is knocked unconscious. This version of the tale, created by Greg Mannino, written by Mark Masterson with artwork by Greg Mannino and Ray Boersig, is in part a retelling of Baum's tale and in part a retelling of the 1939 movie version of the story, as it incorporates elements of the Judy Garland film.
  • The novel was adapted into a comic book in 2005, illustrated/painted by Enrique Fernandez and adapted by David Chauvel, with almost all dialogue and narration taken directly from Baum's original. The comic was originally published in 2005 in France, where it won the prestigious Grand Prix de La Ville De Lyon Award of Illustration. In 2006, it was adapted into English and published in America by Image Comics.
  • An erotic re-telling of the story is featured in Lost Girls, a graphic novel by Alan Moore and Melinda Gebbie first published in its entirety in 2006. In this book, an adult Dorothy meets Alice from Alice's Adventures in Wonderland and Wendy Darling from Peter Pan and the trio recount the stories of their respective works as allegories for their sexual awakenings.
  • The Wonderful Wizard of Oz, published by Marvel Comics.
  • Marvel Fairy Tales features a retelling of The Wizard of Oz starring Marvel characters, such as She-Hulk as Dorothy and the Scarlet Witch as the Wicked Witch of the West.
  • Two of MAD's movie parodies are both a satire of The Wizard of Oz.
  • The Lizard of Oz by Mark Bode
  • The Legend of Oz: the Wicked West is a comic book series which blends the western and fantasy genres. Wearing ruby spurs and riding a horse named Toto, an adult Dorothy Gale follows the remains of a scavenged Yellow Brick Road through the land of Oz,[23] which resembles a supernatural version of the American Old West.
  • No Place Like Home is a comic book series which adapts elements from the original Oz mythology into a modern horror mystery story. Dee, a young adult, 21st Century version of Dorothy, returns home after her parents are apparently killed by a freak tornado. Dee's seemingly dull hometown of Emeraldsville, Kansas becomes the setting for an escalating series of murders, mysteries, and horrors.[24]
  • Oz: the Manga is an English-language comic book series published in the United States by Antarctic Press,[25] written and illustrated in the Japanese Manga style by David Hutchison. The series adapts the story of The Wonderful Wizard of Oz, embellished by both Manga and Steampunk influences. The series was followed by a sequel, Land of Oz: the Manga,[26] which similarly adapts The Marvelous Land of Oz.


Other related media[edit]

  • Todd McFarlane created a sinister toy series called Twisted Land of Oz that portrays all of the characters as more sinister (such as the monster Toto) and adult oriented (BDSM Dorothy).[33]
  • The rock band Aerosmith put some original audios from the 1939 movie and Steven Tyler's voice repeating some quotes of the characters in the song The Farm in the album 'Nine Lives' from 1997.
  • Walt Disney originally wanted to make an animated version of The Wizard Of Oz to serve as the follow-up to Snow White and the Seven Dwarfs,[34] but the film rights were bought by Samuel Goldwyn, who originally intended to make it as a standard musical comedy, with Eddie Cantor as his star. However, Goldwyn ended up selling the rights to MGM.
  • The Felice Brothers wrote a song called "Don't Wake the Scarecrow" which features several references to The Wizard of Oz.
  • American McGee's Oz was a darkly, twisted series of figurines based on Baum's original Wizard of Oz characters. Interestingly, this series was released before McFarlane's. This series was supposed to help McGee launch a franchise around this interpretation, following up with a film, game, etc.
  • Stargate SG-1 has several verbal references to The Wizard of Oz, including Colonel Jack O'Neill calling Samantha Carter "Dorothy" when she defeated one of the show's villains.
  • The band Scissor Sisters released a song on their self-titled album called "Return to Oz", referencing the sequel.
  • The John Boorman film Zardoz derives its title from the Wizard of Oz.[35]
  • Elton John's album Goodbye Yellow Brick Road is a clear reference to The Wizard of Oz.
  • The Wiyos's album Twist is an original song cycle loosely based on The Wizard of Oz.[36]
  • The band Blues Traveler's video of the song "Run-Around" has a Wizard of Oz motif, with Blues Traveler playing behind a curtain in a nightclub while a young, "hip" and more "photogenic" group appears to be playing the song.
  • The band The Good Life's video for the song "Heartbroke" has characters from The Wizard of Oz going to a pastry/ice cream shop. There are two versions to this video; a "nice" version and a "mean" version. In the "nice" version the characters pretend to rob the shop but then purchase treats. In the "mean" version they violently rob the store, but the Scarecrow (who was supposed to be the getaway car) does not make it on time due to a flat tire and the would-be robbers get arrested.
  • The Black Eyed Peas music video "Imma Be Rocking That Body" has claimed to be the futuristic version of "The Wizard of Oz".[37]
  • Ray Bradbury's Short Story The Exiles mentions the Emerald City and its inhabitants existing alongside other famous literary characters and locales on a martian colony.
  • A full-length silent film version of The Wizard of Oz—complete with subtitles—was produced, directed, acted and completed—in 1973 by college students in La Grande, Oregon. For several years it was shown at Eastern Oregon College (now Eastern Oregon University) during homecoming.

Upcoming adaptations[edit]

  • Wicked Flying Monkeys is a Mexican-Indian animated film slated for release in 2015.[38]
  • Warriors of Oz is a mini-series being developed by Syfy in which "a warrior is transported to a post-apocalyptic future Oz where he must team up with three other warriors, Heartless, Brainless, and Coward, in order to defeat the evil Wizard who has enslaved the land."[39][40]
  • A sequel to Oz the Great and Powerful has been announced.[41]
  • A film adaptation of the Oz-based musical Wicked has been considered.[42]
  • Red Brick Road is a television series being developed by Lifetime which explores "the oldest, darkest and most dangerous parts of Oz."[43]
  • Dorothy is a medical drama television series in development at CBS.[44]
  • Yellow Brick Road is an animated musical film slated for release in 2016.[45]


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