Wo (kana)

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wo
transliteration(w)o
hiragana origin
katakana origin
spelling kana尾張のヲ (W)owari no "(w)o"
unicodeU+3092, U+30F2
braille⠔

, in hiragana, or in katakana, is one of the Japanese kana, each of which represents one mora.

Modern usage[edit]

In Japanese, this kana is used almost exclusively for a particle; therefore, the katakana form (ヲ) is fairly uncommon in everyday language — mostly used as a stand-in for its hiragana counterpart in texts that need to be written entirely in katakana.

Despite originally representing [ɰo], the syllable is pronounced [o] by almost all modern speakers. Singers may pronounce it with the [w], as may those attempting to emphasize the syllable for clarity. Apart from some literate speakers who have revived [wo] as a spelling pronunciation, though, the onglide is extinct in the modern spoken language.

In Romaji, the kana is transliterated variably as ⟨o⟩ or ⟨wo⟩, with the former being faithful to standard pronunciation, but the latter avoiding confusion with お and オ. Katakana ヲ can sometimes be combined with a dakuten, ヺ, to represent a /vo/ sound in foreign words; however, most IMEs lack a convenient way to do this. The combination ヴォ is used far more frequently to represent the /vo/ sound.

A "wo" sound is usually represented in katakana as ウォ instead. For example, ウォークマン (Wōkuman, "Walkman") and ウォッカ (Wokka, "Vodka")

Form Rōmaji Hiragana Katakana
Normal w-
(わ行 wa-gyō)
Wo

Hiragana を is still used in several Okinawan orthographies for the syllable /o~wo/; in the Ryukyu University system it is /o/, whereas お is /ʔo/. Katakana ヲ is used in Ainu for /wo/.

Stroke order[edit]

Stroke order in writing を
Stroke order in writing を
Stroke order in writing ヲ
Stroke order in writing ヲ
Stroke order in writing を
Stroke order in writing ヲ

Other communicative representations[edit]

Japanese radiotelephony alphabet Wabun code
尾張のヲ
Wowari no "Wo"
About this sound▄▄▄▄▄▄▄▄▄▄▄

Japanese Semaphore Basic Stroke 1.svgJapanese Semaphore Basic Stroke 9.svg

⠔
Japanese Navy Signal Flag Japanese semaphore Japanese manual syllabary (fingerspelling) Braille dots-35
Japanese Braille
  • Full Braille representation
を / ヲ in Japanese Braille
を / ヲ
wo
をう / ヲー
wō

vo
ヺー
⠔ (braille pattern dots-35) ⠐ (braille pattern dots-5)⠔ (braille pattern dots-35) ⠔ (braille pattern dots-35)⠒ (braille pattern dots-25) ⠐ (braille pattern dots-5)⠔ (braille pattern dots-35)⠒ (braille pattern dots-25)
Character information
Preview
Unicode name HIRAGANA LETTER WO KATAKANA LETTER WO HALFWIDTH KATAKANA LETTER WO CIRCLED KATAKANA WO
Encodings decimal hex decimal hex decimal hex decimal hex
Unicode 12434 U+3092 12530 U+30F2 65382 U+FF66 13054 U+32FE
UTF-8 227 130 146 E3 82 92 227 131 178 E3 83 B2 239 189 166 EF BD A6 227 139 190 E3 8B BE
Numeric character reference を を ヲ ヲ ヲ ヲ ㋾ ㋾
Shift JIS[1] 130 240 82 F0 131 146 83 92 166 A6
EUC-JP[2] 164 242 A4 F2 165 242 A5 F2 142 166 8E A6
GB 18030[3] 164 242 A4 F2 165 242 A5 F2 132 49 150 50 84 31 96 32
EUC-KR[4] / UHC[5] 170 242 AA F2 171 242 AB F2
Big5 (non-ETEN kana)[6] 198 246 C6 F6 199 172 C7 AC
Big5 (ETEN / HKSCS)[7] 199 121 C7 79 199 238 C7 EE
Character information
Preview 𛅒 𛅦
Unicode name HIRAGANA LETTER SMALL WO KATAKANA LETTER SMALL WO KATAKANA LETTER VO
Encodings decimal hex decimal hex decimal hex
Unicode 110930 U+1B152 110950 U+1B166 12538 U+30FA
UTF-8 240 155 133 146 F0 9B 85 92 240 155 133 166 F0 9B 85 A6 227 131 186 E3 83 BA
UTF-16 55340 56658 D82C DD52 55340 56678 D82C DD66 12538 30FA
Numeric character reference 𛅒 𛅒 𛅦 𛅦 ヺ ヺ
Shift JIS (KanjiTalk 7)[8] 136 109 88 6D
Shift JIS-2004[9] 132 149 84 95
EUC-JIS-2004[10] 167 245 A7 F5
GB 18030[3] 147 54 132 52 93 36 84 34 147 54 134 52 93 36 86 34 129 57 167 56 81 39 A7 38
  1. ^ Unicode Consortium (2015-12-02) [1994-03-08]. "Shift-JIS to Unicode".
  2. ^ Unicode Consortium; IBM. "EUC-JP-2007". International Components for Unicode.
  3. ^ a b Standardization Administration of China (SAC) (2005-11-18). GB 18030-2005: Information Technology—Chinese coded character set.
  4. ^ Unicode Consortium; IBM. "IBM-970". International Components for Unicode.
  5. ^ Steele, Shawn (2000). "cp949 to Unicode table". Microsoft / Unicode Consortium.
  6. ^ Unicode Consortium (2015-12-02) [1994-02-11]. "BIG5 to Unicode table (complete)".
  7. ^ van Kesteren, Anne. "big5". Encoding Standard. WHATWG.
  8. ^ Apple Computer (2005-04-05) [1995-04-15]. "Map (external version) from Mac OS Japanese encoding to Unicode 2.1 and later". Unicode Consortium.
  9. ^ Project X0213 (2009-05-03). "Shift_JIS-2004 (JIS X 0213:2004 Appendix 1) vs Unicode mapping table".
  10. ^ Project X0213 (2009-05-03). "EUC-JIS-2004 (JIS X 0213:2004 Appendix 3) vs Unicode mapping table".