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In British English, wog is an offensive racial slur usually applied to Middle Eastern or South Asian/Maritime Southeast Asian peoples. In Australian English, wog is a term used as a racial slur for people from Southern Europe, Eastern Europe, the Mediterranean region in general, and the Mediterranean region of the Middle East.
The origin of the term is unclear. It was first noted by lexicographer F.C. Bowen in 1929, in his Sea Slang: a dictionary of the old-timers’ expressions and epithets, where he defines wogs as "lower class Babu shipping clerks on the Indian coast." Many dictionaries[which?] say "wog" derives from the golliwogg, a blackface minstrel doll character from a children's book published in 1895, or from pollywog a dialect word for tadpole that is used in maritime circles to indicate someone who has not crossed the equator.
Use in British English
"Wog" in the UK is a derogatory and racially offensive slang word referring to a dark-skinned or olive-skinned person, usually from the Middle East, the Indian subcontinent, other parts of Asia such as the East Indies, or the Mediterranean area.
The saying "The wogs begin at Calais" (implying that everyone who is not British is a wog) appears to date from the First World War, but was popularised by George Wigg, Labour MP for Dudley, in 1949 when in a parliamentary debate concerning the Burmese, Wigg shouted at the Conservative benches, "The Honourable Gentleman and his friends think they are all 'wogs'. Indeed, the Right Honourable Member for Woodford [i.e. Winston Churchill] thinks that the 'wogs' begin at Calais."
Use in Australian English
In Australia, the term 'wog' refers to residents of Southern European, Eastern European, and Middle Eastern ethnicity or appearance. The slur became widely diffused with an increase in immigration from Europe, mainly Italy, Greece, Malta, Poland, Croatia, Serbia, Turkey and Ukraine, after the Second World War. These new arrivals were perceived by the majority population as contrasting with the larger predominant Anglo Protestant/Anglo-Australian/Anglo-Celtic Australian culture. The term expanded to include not just Southern European peoples, but also immigrants from the Mediterranean region of the Middle East.
Today, "wog" is used particularly in places in Australia with substantial Southern European, Eastern European, and Middle Eastern populations, mainly Sydney and Melbourne. As with other slang and prima facie profanity used in contemporary Australian English, the term "wog" may be employed either aggressively or affectionately within differing context.
In Australian English, "wog" can also be used as a slang word for an illness such as a common cold or influenza as in "I'm coming down with a wog". Such usage is not perceived as derogatory.
In the media
More recently, Southern European-Australian performing artists have taken ownership of the term "wog", defusing its original pejorative nature—the popular 1980s stage show Wogs Out of Work created by Nick Giannopoulos and Simon Palomares was an early example. The production was followed on television with Acropolis Now, starring Giannopoulos, Palomares, George Kapiniaris and Mary Coustas, and films The Wog Boy and Wog Boy 2: Kings of Mykonos and parodies such as those of Santo Cilauro (Italian), Eric Bana (Croatian-German), Vince Colosimo (Italian), Nick Giannopoulos (Greek), Frank Lotito (Italian), Mary Coustas (Greek) and SBS Television's offbeat Pizza TV series have continued this change in Australian cultural history—with some even classifying a genre of 'wogsploitation' of pop-culture products being created by and for a proudly "wog" market. Recent works of the genre have been used by Australians of non-English speaking backgrounds to assert ethnic identity, rather than succumb to ethnic stereotype. Upon the release of Wog Boy 2, Giannopoulos discussed the contemporary use of the term "wog" in the Australian context:
I think by defusing the word 'wog' we've shown our maturity and our great ability to adapt and just laugh things off, you know... When I first came [to Greece] and I started trying to explain to them why we got called 'wog' they'd get really angry about it, you know. They were, "Why? Why they say this about the Greek people?" You know? But then when they see what we've done with it—and this is the twist—that we've turned it into a term of endearment, they actually really get into that...
Thus, in contemporary Australia, the term "wog" may, in certain contexts, be viewed as a "nickname" rather than a pejorative term—akin to the nicknames ascribed within Australian English to other historically significant cultural groupings such as the English ("Poms"), the Americans ("Yanks") and New Zealanders ("Kiwis").
Use in Canada
In Canadian military slang used by combat arms units (that is, front line fighting forces), it is a derogatory term for any rear echelon personnel and those who are not a member of the combat arms.
Use in the United States
Duane Clarridge, a former CIA officer, explained that the term "wog factor" was used by the CIA "to acknowledge that the motivations that shape decision-making in North Africa, the Middle East, and the Indian subcontinent are very different from our own."
The word "wog" is used by Scientologists to refer to non-Scientologists. Scientology's founder L. Ron Hubbard defined wog as a "common, everyday garden-variety humanoid ... He 'is' a body. [He] doesn't know he's there, etc. He isn't there as a spirit at all. He is not operating as a thetan."
- "'Golliwog' is not connected with 'wog'". The Daily Telegraph. London. 5 February 2009.
- David Wilton, Word Myths: Debunking Linguistic Urban Legends, Oxford University Press, 2008
- "Wog" at WordOrigins.org. Retrieved 18 October 2014
- Hansard, House of Commons 5th series, vol. 467 col 2845.
- Grant, Linda. The People on the Street: A Writer's View of Israel Hatchette Digital: London, England 2009. Accessed August 4, 2016. "It started at once, [Ophir] said, with the geography teacher, 'who we used to call Bullet, who had a map on the wall where Israel appeared as Palestine and to my face he called Jews and Israelis 'terrorist wogs'... As for calling Jews 'wogs,' Ophir was to understand that there was nothing derogatory in the term, it simply meant Western Oriental Gentleman."
- e.g. bastard and cunt
- Australian National University, "Meanings and origins of Australian words and idioms". Retrieved 22 March 2015
- "Wogsploitation makes its mark in mainstream". The Sydney Morning Herald. 17 May 2003.
- Clark, Andrew (2006-10-13). "A bad word made good". The Guardian. London.
- Clarridge, Duane (August 13, 2002). A Spy For All Seasons: My Life in the CIA. Scibner. p. 105. ISBN 978-0743245364.
- Saint Hill Briefing Course-82 6611C29
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