The five Kulin nations. Woiwurrung is in yellow.
Woiwurrung (sometimes spelt Woiwurrong, Woiworung, Wuywurung) is an Indigenous Australian language of the Kulin Nation people from the Yarra River (Birrarung) basin in Victoria. The language remains, but is not widely known or spoken due to the impact of colonisation.
It is not clear if the two rhotics are trill and flap, or tap and approximant. Vowels in Woiwurrung are /a e i o u/.
In the case of the Woiwurrung pronouns, the stem seems to be the standard ngali (you and I), but the front was suffixed to wa-, so wa+ngal combines to form wangal below.
|1st person inclusive||wa.ŋal||wa.ŋa.ɲin|
|1st person exclusive||wan||wa.ŋan||wa.ŋa.ɲi.ɲu|
|2nd person||war||wa.bul||wat ɡu.ra.bil(.la), wat ba.lak, wat wu.ɾun.ðu|
|3rd person||mu.ɲi||mu.ɲi ɡa.ra.bil||ma.lu ɡu.ra.bi.la|
Translation of the words
- Wangal = you and I
- Wangan = we two
- Munyi gurrabil = they two
- Munyi gurrabila = they
- Bik = land, country
- Boorondara = shade, darkness, night (origin of the name of the City of Boroondara)
- Nyilum bik = poor soil / hard land (origin of the name of Nillumbik Shire)
- Wominjeka = hello / welcome
- yabber = to talk
- Yarra = flowing, (also means "hair"). Is thought to have mistakenly given to the Yarra River (which was actually called Birrarung by the local indigenous peoples) by an early settler who asked a boy what it was called, who was confused and answered "it is flowing".
- R. M. W. Dixon, Australian Languages: Their Nature and Development: v. 1 (Cambridge Language Surveys). Cambridge University Press, 2002. ISBN 978-0-521-47378-1
- Hammarström, Harald; Forkel, Robert; Haspelmath, Martin, eds. (2017). "Woiwurrung-Thagungwurrung". Glottolog 3.0. Jena, Germany: Max Planck Institute for the Science of Human History.
- S36 Woiwurrung at the Australian Indigenous Languages Database, Australian Institute of Aboriginal and Torres Strait Islander Studies
- Hercus (1969).
- Barry J. Blake. 1991 Woiwurrung In: The Aboriginal Language of Melbourne and Other Sketches, ed. R. M. W. Dixon and Barry J. Blake, pp. 31–124, OUP, Handbook of Australian Languages 4.
|Look up Woiwurrung in Wiktionary, the free dictionary.|