Wokha

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
Jump to navigation Jump to search
Wokha
Town
Wokha is located in Nagaland
Wokha
Wokha
Location in Nagaland, India
Coordinates: 26°06′N 94°16′E / 26.1°N 94.27°E / 26.1; 94.27Coordinates: 26°06′N 94°16′E / 26.1°N 94.27°E / 26.1; 94.27
Country  India
State Nagaland
District Wokha
Elevation 1,313 m (4,308 ft)
Population (2011)[1]
 • Total 35,004
Languages
 • Official English
Time zone IST (UTC+5:30)
Vehicle registration NL-05
Website nagaland.gov.in

Wokha is a Town and a municipality in the state of Nagaland,India.It is the headquarter of its namesake district(see wokha district). It is located at a distance of about 75 km from the state capital Kohima.

Wokha literally means "head count" or "census" in Lotha language. It has a population of 35,004.[1] It is predominantly inhabited by the Lotha tribe.

The district has four assembly constituencies and 125 recognized villages. It is further divided into 13 administrative units and 7 rural development blocks. It has three ranges namely, Upper Range covering the Wokha, Wozhuro, Chukitong and Englan circle; Middle range covering the Lotsu, Sanis and Aitepyong circle and lower range covering the Bhandari Circle and Ralan area.

History[edit]

Wokha was made as the district headquarters of the Naga hills under Assam by the British in 1876. By 1878 the headquarters was shifted to Kohima, but Wokha remained a subdivision. Later in 1889 the subdivision was shifted to Mokokchung. After India's independence, Wokha became a sub division in 1957 under Naga Hills Tuensang Area, and remained so till she became a district in 1973.

Geography and climate[edit]

Wokha is located at 26°06′N 94°16′E / 26.1°N 94.27°E / 26.1; 94.27[2] at an average elevation of 1,313 metres (4,793 feet). It has a warm temperate climate (classified as Cwa by Köppen and Geiger). The summer temperature of Wokha ranges from 16.1 °C to 32 °C. The winter temperature reaches a minimum of 2 °C. The average annual temperature in Wokha is 17.8 °C. The average annual rainfall is 1940 mm.

Demographics[edit]

Wokha is the third largest town in Nagaland after Dimapur and Kohima. According to the 2011 census, the population is 35,004. Wokha has an average literacy rate of 96%; male literacy is 97%, while female literacy is 95%. In Wokha, 10.57% of the population is under 6 years of age. The majority of the population is Christian (at 92%), with notable minorities following Hinduism (5%) and Islam (2%).[1]

Lotha(also native language of the region) is the most widely used language, while Nagamese and English are also spoken.

Tourism[edit]

District map of Nagaland with Wokha town

Wokha's agglomeration consists of Wokha town, Longsa village, Wokha village and Vakhosung. It has a combined population of over 80,000. Wokha is on the main route from Kohima to Mokokchung and was one of the earliest locations of the Assam Rifles. The Government of Nagaland constructed a tourist lodge in Wokha Town. The annual Amur falcon migration passes Doyang Dam, which is a 2-hour drive away. It also hosts the oldest cricket tournament in North East India, The Winter Cricket Challenge. The nearest railhead is Furkating Railway Station in Golaghat, Assam and the nearest airport is Dimapur Airport (IATA: DMU, ICAO: VEMR). Taxis and buses are available from every district headquarter in Nagaland to Wokha. There is a helicopter service from Dimapur.

One attraction in Wokha is the Doyang river and a small hydro electric project built over it. The area is well known for the amur falcons that fly to the banks of Doyang reservoir and make a halt on their great journey covering thousands of miles.[3]

Myths[edit]

Mount Tiyi is a hill which has supernatural legends associated with it. Most Nagas believe that this mountain is the abode of departed souls. According to local Lotha folklore, the mountain had an orchard that could only be found by the 'lucky ones.' Rhododendrons are common on Mount Tiyi.

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b c "Wokha City Population Census 2011 - Nagaland". www.census2011.co.in. 2015. 
  2. ^ "Falling Rain Genomics, Inc - Wokha". Fallingrain.com. Retrieved 20 October 2014. 
  3. ^ "Wokha lauded for zero killing of Amur Falcons". www.easternmirrornagaland.com. 4 November 2017.