Woleai

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Woleai
Woleai-0219441.jpg
NASA picture of Woleai Atoll
Woleai is located in Pacific Ocean
Woleai
Woleai
Geography
LocationNorth Pacific
Coordinates7°22′N 143°54′E / 7.367°N 143.900°E / 7.367; 143.900
ArchipelagoCaroline
Total islands18
Area4.5 km2 (1.7 sq mi)
Highest elevation2 m (7 ft)
Administration
Demographics
Population1081 (2000)
Ethnic groupsMicronesian
Map of Woleai

Woleai, also known as Oleai,[1] is a coral atoll of twenty-two islands in the western Caroline Islands in the Pacific Ocean, and forms a legislative district in the Yap State in the Federated States of Micronesia and is located approximately 57 kilometers (35 mi; 31 nmi) west-northwest of Ifalik and 108 kilometers (67 mi; 58 nmi) northeast of Eauripik. Woleai is also the name of the largest of the islets constituting the atoll, lying to the northeast.

The population of the atoll was 1,081 in 2000,[2] on an area of 4.5 km2.

Geography[edit]

The islands constitute a double atoll forming the number eight, with a total length of 11.5 kilometers (7.1 mi; 6.2 nmi) and up to 7 kilometers (4.3 mi; 3.8 nmi) wide; however, most of reef on the southern rim is submerged or poorly developed. The northern and eastern rims have several relatively large islets. The western lagoon is deeper and larger than its eastern counterpart. Both components are part of the same seamount. The total land area for both components combined is only 4.5 square kilometers (1.7 sq mi).[3]

Falalap, Woleai Atoll

History[edit]

The Austronesian ancestors of the Micronesians who make up the indigenous population of the Caroline Islands arrived in the islands around 2000 BC. Woleai subsequently became culturally unique among the Caroline Islands because of a script in use among some speakers of the Woleaian language prior to 1913. Woleai was among islands to the southeast of Yap that became tributaries of the Yapese Empire from about 1500 BC.

Woleai came under the control of the Spanish Empire in 1686, governed along with the rest of the Caroline Islands as part of the Spanish East Indies. Spain sold the islands to the German Empire in 1899. In 1914, in the early weeks of World War I, the Empire of Japan seized German possessions in the Pacific, including Woleai. Assigned a League of Nations mandate to administer the islands after the war in accordance with the Treaty of Versailles of 1919, Japan subsequently administered Woleai under the South Seas Mandate.

In 1944, as Allied forces closed in on the Mariana Islands during World War II, a contingent of 6,426 troops from the Imperial Japanese Army’s 50th Independent Mixed Brigade and the Imperial Japanese Navy’s 44th Base Guard Unit and 216th Base Construction Unit heavily fortified Woleai. They completely leveled Wolfe Islet and made into an airfield with a single 3,290-foot (1,003 m) runway and 2,050-foot (625 m) taxiway. They also constructed a seaplane anchorage off the southwest corner of Woleai Islet. Allied aircraft bombed the atoll and its military facilities on numerous occasions until the middle of 1945, driving its defenders underground and isolating them from supplies or reinforcements. By the surrender of Japan on September 2, 1945, only 1,650 survivors remained of the initial 6,426-strong Japanese garrison, the rest having perished largely because of starvation and disease rather than in Allied air raids. The United States Navy destroyer escort USS Sloat (DE-245) picked up the surviving Japanese on September 17, 1945.[4]

Following World War II, the atoll came under the control of the United States. The United States administered Woleai as part of the Trust Territory of the Pacific Islands, a United Nations trust territory, from 1947 until 1979, when Woleai became part of the independent Federated States of Micronesia.

Education[edit]

Public schools:[5]

Transportation[edit]

Woleai Airfield
Summary
Airport typePublic
OwnerGovernment
OperatorCivil Government
ServesWoleai
Runways
Direction Length Surface
ft m
1,200 370 Chipseal

Woleai Civil Airfield, administered by the Federated States of Micronesia Division of Civil Aviation is located at an altitude of 2 meters (6 ft 7 in) on Falalap at 7°22′36″N 143°54′30″E / 7.37666°N 143.90833°E / 7.37666; 143.90833 (Woleai Civil Airfield), 681 kilometers (423 mi; 368 nmi) southeast of Yap International Airport and 0.44 kilometers (0.27 mi) northeast of the main settlements on the island.[6][7] The 1,200-foot (370 m) runway has not been maintained since 1992, and the airfield has closed due to severe deterioration of the runway and the government's decision not to perform repairs.[6][7] The runway is now covered with vegetation.[8] Before the airfield closed, Caroline Islands Air provided chartered flights to it.[9] The runway was built by the Empire of Japan during World War II. After the war it was shortly US Naval Base Woleai, Fleet Post Office #3246.[10]

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  • Columbia Gazetteer of the World. Vol. 1, p. 900
  • Skog, Captain Peter (2019). A Unique Live at Sea. Bloomington, IN: AuthorHouse UK. ISBN 978-1728388052.
  1. ^ "Report of the German South Pacific Expedition 1908-1910" (PDF). Translated by Petrosian-Husa, Carmen C. H. 2001. Archived from the original (PDF) on 26 April 2012.
  2. ^ Yap State Census Report, 2000 (PDF)
  3. ^ "Oceandots". Archived from the original on December 23, 2010. Retrieved 2012-01-31.{{cite web}}: CS1 maint: bot: original URL status unknown (link)
  4. ^ Kukelhan, Walter. "Japanese Surrender Woleai Atoll Uss Sloat DE 245". Destroyer Escort Sailors Association. Retrieved 16 April 2021.{{cite web}}: CS1 maint: url-status (link)
  5. ^ "Higher Education in the Federated States of Micronesia Archived 2017-10-14 at the Wayback Machine." Embassy of the Federated States of Micronesia Washington DC. Retrieved on February 23, 2018.
  6. ^ a b "WOLEAI CIVIL AIRFIELD". Federated States of Micronesia Division of Civil Aviation. Retrieved 16 April 2021.{{cite web}}: CS1 maint: url-status (link)
  7. ^ a b "2.2.2.9 Micronesia Woleai National Airfield (Closed)". Logistics Capacity Assessments (LCAs). May 22, 2018. Retrieved 26 March 2022.{{cite web}}: CS1 maint: url-status (link)
  8. ^ Woleai Civil Airfieldtci.gov.fm
  9. ^ JP airline-fleets international, Edition 1999/2000
  10. ^ Woleaipacificwrecks.com

External links[edit]