Wolf of Soissons

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The Wolf of Soissons was a man-eating wolf which terrorized the commune of Soissons northeast of Paris over a period of two days in 1765, attacking eighteen people, four of whom died from their wounds.[1][2][3]

The first victims of the wolf were a pregnant woman and her unborn child, attacked in the parish of Septmont on the last day of February.[4][5] Diligent locals had taken the second trimester fetus from the womb to be baptized before it died when the wolf struck again not three hundred yards from the scene of the first attack. One Madame d'Amberief and her son survived only by fighting together.

On 1 March near the hamlet of Courcelles a man was attacked by the wolf and survived with head wounds.[6] The next victims were two young boys, named Boucher and Maréchal, who were attacked on the road to Paris, both badly wounded. A farmer on horseback lost part of his face to the wolf before escaping to a local mill, where a seventeen-year-old boy was caught unaware and slain. After these atrocities the wolf fled to Bazoches, where it partially decapitated a woman and severely wounded a girl, who ran screaming to the village for help. Four citizens of Bazoches set an ambush at the body of the latest victim, but when the wolf returned it proved too much for them and the villagers soon found themselves fighting for their lives. The arrival of more peasants from the village finally put the wolf to flight, chasing it into a courtyard where it fought with a chained dog. When the chain broke the wolf was pursued through a pasture, where it killed a number of sheep, and into a stable, where a servant and cattle were mutilated.[7]

The episode ended when one Antoine Saverelle, former member of the local militia, tracked the wolf to small lane armed with a pitchfork. The wolf sprang at him but he managed to pin its head to the ground with the instrument, holding it down for roughly fifteen minutes before an armed peasant came to his aid and killed the animal. Saverelle received a reward of three-hundred livres from Louis XV of France for his bravery.[8][9]

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ Mario Ludwig (12 November 2012). Faszination Menschenfresser: Erstaunliche Geschichten über die gefährlichsten Tiere der Welt (in German). Heyne Verlag. pp. 17–. ISBN 978-3-641-08403-5. 
  2. ^ Pierre Rousseau (1765). Journal encyclopédique... [Ed. Pierre Rousseau] (in French). De l'Imprimerie du Journal. pp. 173–. 
  3. ^ Henri Duranton; Pierre Rétat; Université de Lyon II. Centre d'études du XVIIIe siècle (1992). Gazettes européennes de langue française (in French). PU Saint-Etienne. pp. 150–. ISBN 978-2-86272-025-8. 
  4. ^ Journal historique et littéraire (in French). chez François Cavelier, et se trouve à. 1765. pp. 283–. 
  5. ^ Jacques-André Millot (1800). L'Art de procréer les sexes à volonté, ou Systême complet de génération Par Jacques-André Millot... (in French). Chez l'Auteur, Migneret. pp. 207–. 
  6. ^ Mercure de France (reprint) (in French). Slatkine Reprints. 1970. pp. 327–. 
  7. ^ Henri Martin (1837). Histoire de Soissons, depuis les temps les plus reculés jusqu'à nos jours: d'après les sources orinigales (in French). Arnould. pp. 649–. 
  8. ^ Richard H. Thompson (1 January 1991). Wolf-hunting in France in the Reign of Louis XV: The Beast of the Gévaudan. E. Mellen Press. pp. 238–. ISBN 978-0-88946-746-0. 
  9. ^ Jean-Marc Moriceau (2007). Histoire du méchant loup: 3000 attaques sur l'homme en France (XVe-XXe siècle) (in French). Fayard. pp. 463–.