Wolfgang G. Schwanitz
|Wolfgang G. Schwanitz|
Wolfgang G. Schwanitz, 2008.
|Born||Wolfgang Georg Schwanitz
December 8, 1955
|Alma mater||Leipzig University (Ph.D.), Free University of Berlin|
|Occupation||Arabist, Economist, Historian of the Middle East|
|Known for||Publications about America, the Middle East and Germany|
|Notable work(s)||Islam in Europe, Revolts in the Middle East|
Wolfgang G. Schwanitz is a German-American Middle East historian. He is a specialist in comparative studies of modern international relations between the United States, the Middle East, and Europe. Schwanitz is known for his research on relations between Arabs, Jews, and Germans, and on the history of German relations with the Middle East.
Born in 1955, Schwanitz lived for seven years in Cairo, Egypt, as his parents were diplomats. Back in East Germany, he attended the Max Planck high school of Berlin. In 1982 he finished five years of Middle Eastern studies as Arabist/Economist at Leipzig University. In 1985 he completed his Ph.D. at Leipzig, on Egypt's open-door policy.
In Berlin he headed the research group on Middle Eastern history at the Academy of Sciences. He has taught at Humboldt University, University of Potsdam, and Free University of Berlin. After German reunification, he worked (1990–95) at the Modern Orient Center — founded by the Max Planck Society of Munich — and published books on relations between Germany and the Middle East. In the 1990s he was visiting fellow at CEDEJ, Cairo (1992–93), at Princeton University (1995–97), and at the German-American Center for Visiting Scholars of the German Historical Institute in Washington, D.C. (1998). In Princeton, he finished two volumes on the history of Germans in the Middle East after World War II.
In his history of the German Orient Bank he showed by records from American and German archives how Jewish gold looted by Nazis in occupied Europe was sold in Turkey via the German Orient Bank. This bank was founded in 1906 by Dresdner Bank in Berlin, the second-largest German bank, and served 40 years in the Middle East.
In 2000, he settled near Princeton, USA. He researches and teaches Arabic, world history, and Middle Eastern history at local colleges, among them Burlington County College in Pemberton, New Jersey, and Rider University in Lawrenceville, New Jersey and Princeton, New Jersey (2004–08). He edits a book series of comparative studies on America-Mideast-Europe, he is visiting professor at the Gloria Center, Herzliya, Israel, and Associate Fellow at the Middle East Forum of Philadelphia, Pennsylvania.
His works on the German and American Islam policy met a wide response. Schwanitz authored five and edited ten books. He authored 70 book chapters on history and politics of the Middle East in international relations since 1798, as modernity came to the Middle East.
- Nazis, Islamists, and the Making of the Modern Middle East, Yale University Press: New Haven & London 2014, with Barry M. Rubin
- Islam in Europe, Revolts in the Middle East. Islamism and Genocide from Wilhelm II and Enver Pasha via Hitler and al-Husaini to Arafat, Usama Bin Ladin and Ahmadinejad and talks with Bernard Lewis. Trafo Publisher Weist: Berlin 2013
- Germany and the Middle East in the Cold War, University Publishers: Leipzig 2006, ed.
- Germany and the Middle East, 1871–1945, Wiener 2004, (and Iberoamericana: Madrid 2004)
- Germany and the Middle East, 1871–1945, Wiener: Princeton Papers 2004, ed.
- Germany and the Middle East, University Publishers: Leipzig 2004, ed.
- Gold, Bankers, and Diplomats: A History of the German Orient Bank, Trafo Berlin 2002
- August Bebel: The Muhammadan-Arab Periode of Culture, Edition East: Berlin 1999, ed.
- 125 Years of Suez Canal, Olms: Hildesheim 1998, ed.
- Egypt and Germany in the 19th-20th Century, Dar ath-Thaqafa: Cairo 1998, with Wagih Atiq
- Germans in the Mideast 1946-65, Haensel-Hohenhausen : Frankfurt 1998, 2 vols.
- Germans in the Mideast 1946-65, Princeton 1995, 2 vols.
- Beyond of the Legends: Arabs, Jews, Germans, Dietz: Berlin 1994, ed.
- The G.D.R. and the Third World, 1949–90, Lit: Muenster 1993-95, 3 vols., co-ed.
- Berlin-Cairo: Then and Today, German-Egyptian Society: Berlin 1991, ed.
- Egypt's Infitah Open-Door Policy, Department of Afro-Asian Studies: Leipzig 1985
Audios and Videos with W.G. Schwanitz
- Turban and Swastika: Amin al-Husaini and the Nazis
- Grand Mufti Amin Al Husseini of Jerusalem
- Hitler, The Grand Mufti and Islamism
- America's Unwritten Islam Policy
- The Bosnian Muslim 13th SS Handzar Division
- "Adolf Hitler, Max von Oppenheim and Amin al-Husaini", Webversion 10-2013
- "Genocide and Attempted Genocide in the Ottoman Empire", Webversion 8-2013
- "Israel, Eastern Europe and the Middle East", Webversion 11-2012
- "First Global Grand Mufti al-Husaini", Webversion 4-2012
- "Communist Mosque", Webversion 10-2011
- "Sarah Palin", Webversion 4-2011
- "Late Ottoman Empire", Webversion 2-2011
- "Global Mufti al-Qaradawi", Webversion 12-2010
- "German Oriental Studies", Webversion 11-2010
- "Nazis, Jews and Soviets", Webversion 10-2010
- "Arab Responses to the Holocaust", Webversion 6-2010
- "Germans, Nukes and Mullahs", Webversion 5-2010
- "America and the Third Reich", Webversion 5-2010
- "Nazis On The Run", Webversion 5-2010
- "Hitler in the Levant", Webversion 12-2009
- "Stalin in Mecca", Webversion 8-2009
- "Le bâton RDA", Webversion 5-2009
- "Looking Into Hamas," Webversion 4-2009
- "The Schaikh and The Shoah", Webversion 4-2009
- "German-Kuwaiti Relations", Webversion 3-2009
- "Euro-Islam", Webversion 3-2009
- "The Mind of Jihad", Webversion 1-2009
- "Zionism: A Brief History", Webversion 10-2008
- "Occidentalistics by Hasan Hanafi", Webversion 10-2008
- "Shaikh Salih and Euro Islam", Webversion 10-2008
- "Germany and Palestine", Webversion 10-2008
- "The Bellicose Birth of Euro Islam", Webversion 1-2008
- "Germany's Middle East Policy", Webversion 9-2007
- "America's Unwritten Islam Policy", Webversion 9-2006, 10-2006
- "Fritz Grobba and the German Middle East Policy", Webversion 9-2004
Literature on W.G. Schwanitz
- Clemens Heni: Schadenfreude. Islamforschung und Antisemitismus in Deutschland nach 9/11, Edition Critic: Berlin 2011
- Stefan Bollinger, Ulrich van der Heyden (eds.): German Unity and Elite Change in East Germany, Trafo: Berlin 2002
- Ekkehard Rudolph: State of Art: Cultural Studies and Humanities on the Muslim World, Orient Institute: Hamburg 1999
- Wolf-Hagen Krauth, Ralf Wolz (eds.): Humanities and Re-Unification, Academy: Berlin 1998
- Kai Hafez: Oriental Studies in the G.D.R., 1969–89, Orient Institute: Hamburg 1995
- Emma Murphy, Gerd Nonneman, Neil Quilliam: Middle East & North Africa: A Directory of Specialists and Institutions, Eurames: Durham 1993
- German-American Center for Visiting Scholars.
- Gloria Center.
- Retrieved June 8, 2011. http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=M948bJPW_gA
- Retrieved June 13, 2011. http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=d51poygEXYU&eurl
- Retrieved June 15, 2011.http://www.trafoberlin.de/Schwanitz_Audio/00a13a2b.mp3
- Retrieved December 9, 2011.http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=bNzTL4zu5Xg&feature=related
- W.G. Schwanitz in World Catalogue
- Clio Online Web Directory Scholars
- German National Library
- Library of Congress
- Wolfgang G. Schwanitz homepage