Wollaston (MBTA station)
Looking outbound on Wollaston's brutalist-style platform
|Location||Newport Avenue and Beale Street
|Owned by||Massachusetts Bay Transportation Authority|
|Platforms||1 island platform|
|Parking||550 spaces ($5.00 fee)|
|Bicycle facilities||88 spaces in "Pedal and Park" bicycle cage
~20 outside spaces
|Opened||September 1, 1971|
|Passengers (2013 daily)||4,624|
Wollaston is a rapid transit station on the MBTA Red Line, located in the Wollaston neighborhood of Quincy, Massachusetts. It serves Quincy's Wollaston neighborhood. It was opened in September 1971 as the second of three stations in the original South Shore Extension, replacing a mainline rail station which had been located there from 1845 to 1959. As of 2015[update], Wollaston is the only Red Line heavy rail station that is not wheelchair accessible, but planning is underway for a major renovation.
Wollaston station serves Eastern Nazarene College, which is 0.5 miles (0.80 km) away.
The Old Colony Railroad opened through Quincy in November 1845. Several local stations were located in Quincy, including Wollaston station (also known as Wollaston Heights) at Beale Street. In 1877, a large station with a clock tower was built on the west (inbound) side of the tracks. The Old Colony switched from English-style left-hand running to American-style right-hand running in 1893 when it was acquired by the New York, New Haven and Hartford Railroad; the depot was moved to the east side of the tracks in 1895.
Passenger service on the Old Colony system declined after World War II, and the New Haven decided to abandon the line in the late 1950's. Emergency subsidies kept the lines open during construction of the Southeast Expressway, but all passenger service to Wollaston and the rest of the former Old Colony system was ended on June 30, 1959.
Even before 1959, discussion was underway to bring rapid transit to the Old Colony mainline. The 1926 Report on Improved Transportation Facilities and 1945–47 Coolidge Commission Report recommended a branch of the Cambridge-Dorchester Line (later renamed as the Red Line) to parallel the Old Colony mainline to Braintree, taking over service on local stops. The newly formed MBTA bought the Old Colony right-of-way from South Boston to South Braintree in 1965. In 1966, the Program for Mass Transportation recommended the extension, and construction of the station began that year. Wollaston opened along with North Quincy and Quincy Center on September 1, 1971.
|Inbound||← Red Line toward Alewife (North Quincy)|
|Island platform, doors will open on the left|
|Outbound||→ Red Line toward Braintree (Quincy Center) →|
|Commuter rail track||← Commuter rail lines/CapeFLYER do not stop here →|
|L||Lobby||Fare control, to entrances/exits|
The main entrance to the station is via the large parking lot off Beale Avenue. An additional entrance is located on Newport Avenue. The station, located on a high grade, is one of a small number of elevated rapid transit stations remaining in the MBTA system. (The only others are Science Park, Malden Center, Charles/MGH, Beachmont and Fields Corner.) Boston once had several elevated lines, but the Atlantic Avenue Elevated, Charlestown Elevated, Washington Street Elevated and Causeway Street Elevated were all closed and torn down in sequence from 1938 to 2004 in favor of subway and surface-level lines.
Although the platform is elevated, the station lobby and turnstiles are actually situated several feet below street level, making the lobby prone to flooding during heavy rainstorms. On July 25, 1988, the lobby was flooded by an afternoon deluge, stranding around 100 riders at the station.
When the station was built, return of commuter service to the right-of-way was considered unlikely and few provisions were made. Only a single non-rapid-transit track for freight service was left on the narrow grade. Commuter service, however, returned on the Old Colony Lines beginning in 1997 and on the Greenbush Line beginning in 2007. Because of the limited width of the elevated grade and right-of-way through densely populated Quincy, adding a second commuter rail track would be extremely difficult. The single-tracked section of the line around Wollaston represents a major bottleneck on the commuter rail system serving the South Shore.
The Red Line's Braintree Extension was built several decades before the 1990 Americans with Disabilities Act and not all of the stations were originally handicapped-accessible. All other stations on the Red Line proper - and all except Valley Road on the Ashmont-Mattapan High Speed Line - have been rebuilt or retrofitted for handicapped accessibility. The MBTA is planning renovations to Wollaston that will make it handicapped-accessible and solve the flooding problems. Design reached 15% in July 2014, 30% in mid-2015, and 60% in early 2016.
The 30% design planned for accessible headhouses at each end of the station, with pedestrian bridges crossing over the inbound track to connect the headhouses to the platform, but the 60% design revised this to a single larger headhouse. The current lobby area will be converted to an accessible passageway between the parking lots and Newport Avenue, with a separate fare payment area and elevator to the platform. Funding has been identified and is pending approval; 100% design was reached in July 2016. The $37 million project will be bid in Spring 2017, with construction to begin in the fall. The work will require the station to be closed for 18 months.
Two bus routes stop directly at Wollaston station on Newport Avenue:
- 211 Quincy Center Station - Squantum via Montclair & North Quincy Station
- 217 Quincy Center Station - Ashmont Station via Beale Street, Wollaston, & East Milton Square
Two additional bus routes stop on Hancock Street several blocks to the east:
- 210 Quincy Center Station - North Quincy Station or Fields Corner Station via Hancock Street & Neponset Avenue
- 212 Quincy Center Station - North Quincy Station via Billings Road
- "Wollaston Station". Massachusetts Bay Transportation Authority. Retrieved 17 January 2012.
- Belcher, Jonathan (31 December 2011). "Changes to Transit Service in the MBTA district" (PDF). NETransit. Retrieved 17 January 2012.
- "Ridership and Service Statistics" (PDF) (14 ed.). Massachusetts Bay Transportation Authority. 2014. Retrieved 24 June 2015.
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- "Quincy". Topographical Atlas of Massachusetts. Walker Lithograph & Publishing Co. 1891. Retrieved 24 January 2013.
- Cheney, Frank (2002). Boston's Red Line: Bridging the Charles from Alewife to Braintree. Arcadia Publishing. p. 111. ISBN 9780738510477.
- "Index Plate". Atlas of the City of Quincy. Ernest Branch. 1907. Retrieved 24 January 2013.
- Central Transportation Planning Staff (15 November 1993). "The Transportation Plan for the Boston Region - Volume 2". National Transportation Library. Retrieved 24 January 2013.
- Boston Elevated Railway and Boston Department of Public Utilities (1945). "Boston Rapid Transit System & Proposed Extentions [sic] 1945 - Metropolitan Transit Recess Commission Air View". Wardmaps LLC. Retrieved 24 January 2013.
- Moskowitz, Eric (18 November 2012). "Starts and Stops: MBTA receives first of long-delayed rail cars". Boston Globe. Retrieved 18 November 2012.
- "Wollaston Station Improvements". Massachusetts Bay Transportation Authority. Retrieved 4 March 2016.
- "MBTA WOLLASTON Station Improvements Public Meeting: June 2, 2015" (PDF). Massachusetts Bay Transportation Authority. 2 June 2015. Retrieved 24 June 2015.
- Kleinfelder, Inc. (14 January 2016). "MBTA Wollaston Station Improvements Public Meeting" (PDF). Massachusetts Bay Transportation Authority. Retrieved 4 March 2016.
- Cotter, Sean Philip (January 27, 2017). "MBTA: Wollaston station work likely to start in fall". Patriot Ledger. Retrieved January 31, 2017.
- Brelsford, Laura (December 5, 2016). "MBTA System-Wide Accessibility Initiatives: December 2016 Update" (PDF). Massachusetts Bay Transportation Authority Department of System-Wide Accessibility. p. 27.
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