Wolseley, South Australia

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
Jump to navigation Jump to search

Wolseley
South Australia
Wolseley shop.jpg
Wolseley historic shop with restored advertising sign on the side
Wolseley is located in South Australia
Wolseley
Wolseley
Coordinates36°22′11″S 140°54′15″E / 36.369661°S 140.904151°E / -36.369661; 140.904151Coordinates: 36°22′11″S 140°54′15″E / 36.369661°S 140.904151°E / -36.369661; 140.904151[1]
Population180 (2016 census)[2]
Established8 May 1884 (town)
16 March 2000 (locality)[3][4]
Postcode(s)5269 [5]
Elevation110 m (361 ft)[6]
Time zoneACST (UTC+9:30)
 • Summer (DST)ACST (UTC+10:30)
Location
  • 289 km (180 mi) South East of Adelaide via Australian National Route A8.svg Australian National Route A1.svg
  • 17 km (11 mi) ESE of Bordertown
LGA(s)Tatiara District Council[1]
RegionLimestone Coast[1]
CountyBuckingham[1]
State electorate(s)MacKillop[7]
Federal Division(s)Barker[8]
Mean max temp[9] Mean min temp[9] Annual rainfall[9]
21.5 °C
71 °F
8.6 °C
47 °F
463 mm
18.2 in
Localities around Wolseley:
Pine Hill Pine Hill
Bordertown
Pooginagoric
Wolseley Serviceton
Pooginagoric Pooginagoric
Custon
FootnotesAdjoining localities[1]

Wolseley (formerly Tatiara) is a small South Australian town near the Victorian border. It is five kilometres south of the Dukes Highway and 13 kilometres east of Bordertown. It was first proclaimed a town in 1884.

The 2016 Australian census which was conducted in August 2016 reports that Wolseley had a population of 180 people.[2]

History[edit]

The town was surveyed in 1884, and initially named Tatiara, which was described as an "Aboriginal word from the Jackegilbrab Tribe which HC Talbot states is divided into six clans (Kooinkill, Wirriga, Chala, Camiaguigara, Niall & Nunkoora)". The railway station was named after Lord Wolseley, who was the Commander-in-Chief of the British Army.[10] The name of the town was changed to match the name of the station on 20 February 1941.[11]

World War II fuel tanks of No. 12 Inland Aircraft Fuel Depot

Early in World War II, RAAF No. 12 Inland Aircraft Fuel Depot was established at Wolseley, with an initial capacity of 1.27 megalitres (280,000 imp gal; 340,000 US gal) in three tanks camouflaged to look like farm buildings. The depot started operations in 1942 and three additional tanks were added later. It was disbanded on 14 June 1944.[12] It is listed on the South Australian Heritage Register as the Wolseley Inland Aircraft Fuel Depot.[13]

Railway[edit]

The Adelaide–Wolseley railway was opened from Adelaide east to Wolseley railway station in the early 1880s built to 1,600 mm (5 ft 3 in) broad gauge. The Serviceton railway line from Melbourne reached Serviceton in Victoria in 1886, and the three miles from Wolseley to Serviceton was completed by the South Australian Railways in 1887, completing a broad gauge rail link between Adelaide and Melbourne. Around the same time, the Mount Gambier railway line 1,067 mm (3 ft 6 in) narrow gauge railway extended to Wolseley station from the south, creating a break-of-gauge rail junction.

By May 1883, rail construction had not yet been completed, but trains were able to operate regularly from Bordertown on the Adelaide line and from Custon on the Mount Gambier line, continuing through Naracoorte to Kingston SE.[14]

In 1881, the Government of South Australia authorised the construction of a 3 ft 6 in (1,067 mm) railway from "University Block No. 3" near the southern border of the Hundred of Tatiara to Border Town.[15] It had previously authorised the construction from Naracoorte to that point in 1879.[16]

In the 1950s the break-of-gauge was abolished by the conversion of the Mount Gambier line to broad gauge. The line to Mount Gambier has been out of use since the conversion of the Adelaide – Melbourne line to 1,435 mm (4 ft 8 12 in) standard gauge on 12 April 1995, pending possible conversion to standard gauge. If it is converted, it will become the first railway line in Australia to have ever been converted to all 3 gauges.

Railway containers[edit]

In 1936, to help overcome some of the inconveniences of the break of gauge, containers were introduced to allow though shipment of goods without the need for transshipment.[17]

Governance[edit]

Wolseley is located in the federal division of Barker, the state electoral district of MacKillop and the local government area of Tatiara District Council.[8][7][1]

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b c d e f "Search results for 'Wolseley, LOCB' with the following datasets being selected - 'Suburbs and Localities', 'Counties', 'Local Government Areas', 'SA Government Regions' and 'Gazetteer'". Location SA Map Viewer. Government of South Australia. Retrieved 24 April 2018.
  2. ^ a b Australian Bureau of Statistics (27 June 2017). "Wolseley". 2016 Census QuickStats. Retrieved 24 April 2018. Edit this at Wikidata
  3. ^ "Untitled Proclamation (for the Town of Tatiara)" (PDF). The South Australian Government Gazette. South Australian Government. 8 May 1884. pp. 1740–1741. Retrieved 24 April 2018.
  4. ^ Lawson, Robert (16 March 2000). "GEOGRAPHICAL NAMES ACT 1991 Notice to Assign Names and Boundaries to Places (in the District Council of Tatiara)" (PDF). The South Australian Government Gazette. South Australian Government. p. 1434. Retrieved 24 April 2018.
  5. ^ Wolseley Postcode Australia Post. Retrieved on 2008-05-29
  6. ^ "Search results for 'Wolseley Railway Station' with the following datasets being selected - 'Suburbs and Localities' and 'Gazetteer'". Location SA Map Viewer. Government of South Australia. Retrieved 24 April 2018.
  7. ^ a b "District of Mount Gambier Background Profile". Electoral Commission SA. Retrieved 24 April 2018.
  8. ^ a b "Federal electoral division of Barker" (PDF). Australian Electoral Commission. Retrieved 28 March 2016.
  9. ^ a b c "Monthly climate statistics: Summary statistics PADTHAWAY SOUTH (nearest weather station)". Commonwealth of Australia , Bureau of Meteorology. Retrieved 24 April 2018.
  10. ^ "Placename Details: Wolseley". Government of South Australia. SA0027361, SA0016322, SA0065544, SA0044004. Retrieved 4 August 2015.
  11. ^ McEwin, A. Lyell (20 February 1941). "ALTERATION OF NAMES OF TOWNS AND PLACES" (PDF). The South Australian Government Gazette. South Australian Government. p. 225. Retrieved 24 April 2018.
  12. ^ Interpretative sign at the site west of Wolseley
  13. ^ "Former Wolseley Inland Aircraft Fuel Depot including pump house, drum filling platform and six fuel tanks". South Australian Heritage Register. Department of Environment, Water and Natural Resources. Retrieved 5 June 2016.
  14. ^ "WOLSELEY". The Border Watch. Mount Gambier, SA. 12 May 1883. p. 2. Retrieved 4 August 2015 – via National Library of Australia.
  15. ^ Tatiara and Bordertown Railway 44 Vic., 1881, No. 200, Government Printer, 14 May 2009, retrieved 4 August 2015
  16. ^ Naracoorte and Tatiara Railway 43 Vic., 1879, No. 131, Government Printer, 20 June 2008, retrieved 4 August 2015
  17. ^ "New Freight Containers For S.E. Railway Services". The Advertiser. Adelaide. 23 April 1936. p. 19. Retrieved 26 October 2011 – via National Library of Australia.