Wolverhampton East (UK Parliament constituency)

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Wolverhampton East
Former Borough constituency
for the House of Commons
18851950
Number of members one

Wolverhampton East was a parliamentary constituency in the town of Wolverhampton in Staffordshire, England. It returned one Member of Parliament to the House of Commons of the Parliament of the United Kingdom.

History[edit]

The constituency was created by the Redistribution of Seats Act 1885 for the 1885 general election, when the former two-seat Wolverhampton constituency was divided into three single-member constituencies.

It was abolished for the 1950 general election.

Boundaries[edit]

1885-1918: The Municipal Borough of Wolverhampton wards of St James', St Mary's, and St Peter's, and the civil parishes of Wednesfield and Willenhall.

1918-1950: The County Borough of Wolverhampton wards of St James', St Mary's, and St Peter's, and the Urban Districts of Short Heath, Wednesfield, Wednesfield Heath, and Willenhall.

Members of Parliament[edit]

Election Member Party
1885 Henry Fowler Liberal
1908 George Thorne Liberal
1929 Geoffrey Mander Liberal
1945 John Baird Labour
1950 constituency abolished

Election results[edit]

Elections in the 1880s[edit]

Henry Fowler
General Election 1885: Wolverhampton East [1][2]
Party Candidate Votes % ±
Liberal Henry Hartley Fowler 3,935 59.8 n/a
Conservative W Bird 2,648 40.2 n/a
Majority 1,287 19.6 n/a
Turnout 83.2 n/a
Liberal win (new seat)
General Election 1886: Wolverhampton East [3][4]
Party Candidate Votes % ±
Liberal Rt Hon. Henry Hartley Fowler 3,752 58.8 -1.0
Conservative J Underhill 2,629 41.2 +1.0
Majority 1,123 17.6 -2.0
Turnout 80.6 -2.6
Liberal hold Swing -1.0

Elections in the 1890s[edit]

General Election 1892: Wolverhampton East [5][6]
Party Candidate Votes % ±
Liberal Rt Hon. Henry Hartley Fowler unopposed n/a n/a
Liberal hold Swing n/a
General Election 1895: Wolverhampton East [7][8][9]
Party Candidate Votes % ±
Liberal Rt Hon. Henry Hartley Fowler 4,011 57.4 n/a
Conservative 2,977 42.6 n/a
Majority 1,034 14.8 n/a
Turnout n/a
Liberal hold Swing n/a
  • some sources describe as Liberal Unionist

Elections in the 1900s[edit]

General Election 1900: Wolverhampton East [10][11][12]
Party Candidate Votes % ±
Liberal Rt Hon. Henry Hartley Fowler unopposed n/a n/a
Liberal hold Swing n/a
Henry Fowler
General Election 1906: Wolverhampton East [13][14]
Party Candidate Votes % ±
Liberal Rt Hon. Henry Hartley Fowler 5,610 67.1 n/a
Liberal Unionist Leopold Charles Maurice Stennett Amery 2,745 32.9 n/a
Majority 2,865 34.2 n/a
Turnout 85.6 n/a
Liberal hold Swing n/a
George Thorne
Wolverhampton East by-election, 1908 [15]
Party Candidate Votes % ±
Liberal George Rennie Thorne 4,514 50.0 -17.1
Liberal Unionist Leopold Charles Maurice Stennett Amery 4,506 50.0 +17.1
Majority 8 0.0 -34.2
Turnout 89.7
Liberal hold Swing -17.1

Elections in the 1910s[edit]

General Election January 1910: Wolverhampton East [16]
Party Candidate Votes % ±
Liberal George Rennie Thorne 5,276
Liberal Unionist Leopold Charles Maurice Stennett Amery 4,462
Majority
Turnout
Liberal hold Swing
General Election December 1910: Wolverhampton East [17]
Party Candidate Votes % ±
Liberal George Rennie Thorne 5,072
Liberal Unionist Robert Borras Whiteside 3,881
Majority
Turnout
Liberal hold Swing

General Election 1914/15:

Another General Election was required to take place before the end of 1915. The political parties had been making preparations for an election to take place and by the July 1914, the following candidates had been selected;

General Election 1918: Wolverhampton East
Party Candidate Votes % ±
Liberal George Rennie Thorne 7,660 51.8
National Democratic
  • Rev. James A Shaw
7,138 48.2
Majority 522 3.6
Turnout 48.6
Liberal hold Swing
  • endorsed by the Coalition Government

Elections in the 1920s[edit]

General Election 1922: Wolverhampton East
Party Candidate Votes % ±
Liberal George Rennie Thorne 11,577 45.9 -5.9
Unionist Charles Henry Pinson 9,410 37.3 n/a
Labour William Thomas Augustus Foot 3,076 12.2 n/a
National Liberal Rev. James A Shaw 1,169 4.6 -43.6
Majority 2,167 8.6
Turnout 80.4
Liberal hold Swing
George Thorne
General Election 1923: Wolverhampton East
Party Candidate Votes % ±
Liberal George Rennie Thorne unopposed n/a
Liberal hold Swing
General Election 1924: Wolverhampton East
Party Candidate Votes % ±
Liberal George Rennie Thorne 11,066 42.1
Unionist Sir Thomas Joseph Strangman 10,013 38.1
Labour D Rowland Williams 5,188 19.8
Majority 1,053 4.0
Turnout 80.6
Liberal hold Swing
General Election 1929: Wolverhampton East
Party Candidate Votes % ±
Liberal Geoffrey Le Mesurier Mander 15,391 44.8 +2.7
Unionist Patrick George Thomas Buchan-Hepburn 10,163 29.5 -8.6
Labour D Rowland Williams 8,840 25.7 +5.9
Majority 5,228 15.3 +11.3
Turnout 81.5 +0.9
Liberal hold Swing +5.7

Elections in the 1930s[edit]

General Election 1931: Wolverhampton East
Party Candidate Votes % ±
Liberal Geoffrey Le Mesurier Mander 14,945 44.1 -0.7
Conservative Maj. A T Waters-Taylor 12,628 37.2 +7.7
Labour John Smith 6,340 18.7 -7.0
Majority 2,317 6.9 -8.4
Turnout 78.6 -2.9
Liberal hold Swing -4.2
General Election 1935: Wolverhampton East
Party Candidate Votes % ±
Liberal Geoffrey Le Mesurier Mander 15,935 48.5 +4.4
Conservative J Brockhouse 11,935 36.3 -0.9
Labour H E Lane 4,985 15.2 -3.5
Majority 4,000 12.2 +5.3
Turnout 73.3 -5.3
Liberal hold Swing +2.7

Elections in the 1940s[edit]

A General election was due to take place before the end of 1940, but was postponed due to the Second World War. By 1939, the following candidates had been selected to contest this constituency;

General Election 1945: Wolverhampton East
Party Candidate Votes % ±
Labour John Baird 17,763 47.7 +32.5
Liberal Sir Geoffrey Le Mesurier Mander 11,206 30.1 -18.4
Conservative William Francis Cuthbert Garthwaite 8,266 22.2 -14.1
Majority 6,557 17.6
Turnout 73.3 n/c
Labour gain from Liberal Swing

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ British Parliamentary Election Results 1885-1918, FWS Craig
  2. ^ The Liberal Year Book, 1907
  3. ^ British Parliamentary Election Results 1885-1918, FWS Craig
  4. ^ The Liberal Year Book, 1907
  5. ^ British Parliamentary Election Results 1885-1918, FWS Craig
  6. ^ The Liberal Year Book, 1907
  7. ^ British Parliamentary Election Results 1885-1918, FWS Craig
  8. ^ The Liberal Year Book, 1907
  9. ^ Debrett's House of Commons & Judicial Bench, 1901
  10. ^ British Parliamentary Election Results 1885-1918, FWS Craig
  11. ^ The Liberal Year Book, 1907
  12. ^ Debrett's House of Commons & Judicial Bench, 1901
  13. ^ British Parliamentary Election Results 1885-1918, FWS Craig
  14. ^ The Liberal Year Book, 1907
  15. ^ British Parliamentary Election Results 1885-1918, FWS Craig
  16. ^ Debrett's House of Commons & Judicial Bench, 1916
  17. ^ Debrett's House of Commons & Judicial Bench, 1916