Woman in a Dressing Gown
|Woman in a Dressing Gown|
|Directed by||J. Lee Thompson|
|Produced by||Frank Godwin|
J. Lee Thompson
|Written by||Ted Willis|
|Based on||TV play by Willis|
|Music by||Louis Levy|
|Edited by||Richard Best|
|Distributed by||Associated British-Pathé|
|Box office||£450,000 (UK)|
£1 million (total)
Woman in a Dressing Gown is a 1957 British drama film directed by J. Lee Thompson and starring Yvonne Mitchell, Anthony Quayle, Sylvia Syms, and Carole Lesley. The film won four awards at the 7th Berlin International Film Festival including "Best Foreign Film". Mitchell won the Silver Bear for Best Actress. The film also won the 1958 Golden Globe Award for Best English-Language Foreign Film.
The film concerns a man who is having an extramarital affair and considers divorce, and his wife's reaction to the affair. Scenes compare and contrast the relationship with the wife and relationship with the lover. These are not only very different in content, but very different in film style, shots with his lover being in extreme close up and/or unusually framed shots. Shots of the wife are mainly in wide angle, encompassing he chaotic mess of her house.
The film is considered an example of British social realism, and a prototypical version of Kitchen sink realism. Modern criticism has noted that it was more progressive in the field of gender politics than the British New Wave.
The Prestons are an apparently happy household made up of wife Amy (Yvonne Mitchell), husband Jim (Anthony Quayle) and teenage son Brian (Andrew Ray), living in a cramped flat on a London housing estate. On a Sunday morning she lovingly prepares his cooked breakfast but he announces he has to work.
However, tensions soon become clear. Though she has a breezy, loving character, Amy is a disorganised housewife. She finds it difficult to concentrate enough to tidy or cook properly. Jim is having an affair with a colleague, Georgie (Sylvia Syms), who threatens to break it off unless Jim divorces his wife and leaves his family. He promises that he will do so, and eventually demands a divorce. Amy is shocked and distraught, but vows to improve herself. She borrows ten shillings from her son (who is in his first job) and pawns her engagement ring for three pounds. She then gets her hair done and buys a half bottle of whisky for Jim. She has phoned Jim at work and told him to bring Georgie home. Her plan is foiled when heavy rain starts and ruins her new hair. She gets home looking worse than ever. She pulls her best dress out of storage but rips it putting it on. Her neighbour arrives and they start drinking the whisky. Amy gets drunk and ruins the table.
Brian finds her drunk and becomes angry with his father when he brings Georgie to the house. Jim slaps Brian and he leaves.
After a confrontation she orders Jim and Georgie out of the flat. Jim leaves, but has second thoughts, he tells Georgie it won't work and returns to his wife who is lovingly packing his case. She vows to get rid of her dressing gown.
- Yvonne Mitchell – Amy Preston
- Anthony Quayle – Jim Preston, Jimbo to his wife
- Sylvia Syms – Georgie Harlow
- Andrew Ray – Brian Preston (the teenage son)
- Carole Lesley – Hilda
- Michael Ripper – Pawnbroker
- Nora Gordon – Mrs. Williams
- Marianne Stone – Hairdresser
- Olga Lindo – Manageress
- Harry Locke – Wine merchant
- Max Butterfield – Harold
- Roberta Woolley – Christine
- Melvyn Hayes – Newsboy
- Cordelia Mitchell – Hilda's baby
Variety said it "had good b.o. possibilities."
Jean-Luc Godard wrote "One really has to rack one’s brains to find anything to say about a British film. One wonders why. But that’s the way it is. And there isn’t even an exception to prove the rule. Especially not Woman in a Dressing-gown anyhow, in spite of its acting prize? at the recent Berlin Festival. That just goes to show that the Germans have no idea either.... From beginning to end the film is an incredible debauch of camera movements as complex as they are silly and meaningless."
On the film's rerelease on in 2012, Peter Bradshaw, in a five star review for The Guardian wrote that the films "proto-kitchen-sink drama goes all the way where Brief Encounter loitered hesitantly....and unlike David Lean's film, this one shows people saying the relevant things out loud. An unmissable rerelease." While Melanie Williams for the BFI Screenonline noted "an important reminder that postwar British realism did not begin with the New Wave, and that the 1950s were not devoid of socially engaged cinema, as is sometimes suggested. Indeed, in the field of gender politics, one could argue that this film is considerably more progressive than the New Wave that superseded it, in its focus on the travails of a middle-aged housewife rather than those of a virile young man."
Willis later adapted the script into a stage play that was very successful.
- Harper, Sue; Porter, Vincent (29 July 2003). British Cinema of the 1950s: The Decline of Deference. Oxford University Press. ISBN 9780198159346 – via Google Books.
- "Woman in a Dressing Gown (1957) - J. Lee Thompson | Cast and Crew | AllMovie" – via www.allmovie.com.
- Higson, Andrew (ed.); Ashby, Justine (ed.); Porter, Vincent (2000). British Cinema: Past and Present: "Outsiders in England: the films of the Associated British Picture Corporation, 1949-1958". Routledge. p. 162. ISBN 9780415220620.CS1 maint: extra text: authors list (link)
- "Berlinale 1957: Prize Winners". berlinale.de. Retrieved 31 December 2009.
- "Woman In A Dressing Gown". www.goldenglobes.com.
- "Woman in a Dressing Gown (1957)". BFI.
- "Woman in a Dressing Gown". The Australian Women's Weekly. 25 ([?]). Australia. 23 April 1958. p. 68. Retrieved 20 July 2020 – via National Library of Australia.
- "Woman in a Dressing Gown (1956)". BFI.
- "CTVA UK - "ITV Television Playhouse" (ITV) Season 1 (1955-56)". ctva.biz.
- Thumim, Janet. "The popular cash and culture in the postwar British cinema industry". Screen. Vol. 32 no. 3. p. 259.
- J. LEE THOMPSON DISCUSSES CAREER: 'GUNS OF NAVARONE' DIRECTOR TOOK DEVIOUS PATH TO FILMS By MURRAY SCHUMACH Special to The New York Times25 July 1961: 18.
- Review of film at Variety
- Screen: British Import: 'Woman in a Dressing Gown' at Victoria By BOSLEY GROWTHER. New York Times 13 Sep 1957: 15.
- Godard, Jean-Luc. Godard on Godard. p. 85-86.
- "Woman in a Dressing Gown – review". the Guardian. 26 July 2012.
- "BFI Screenonline: Woman in a Dressing Gown (1957)". www.screenonline.org.uk.
- "Production of Woman in a Dressing Gown | Theatricalia". theatricalia.com.
- Nield, Anthony (2012). "'Woman in a Dressing Gown' Review". The Digital Fix. Recent review on the occasion of the 2012 DVD release of a restored version of the film.
- Williams, Melanie, 'Remembering the poor soul walking in the rain: Audience Responses to a Thwarted Makeover in Woman in a Dressing Gown' in Journal of British Cinema and Television, 10 (2013), pp. 709–726.
- Williams, Melanie, 'Dawn of the Kitchen Sink', Sight and Sound, August 2012, p. 22.
- Williams, Melanie, 'Twilight women of 1950s British cinema' in : The British Cinema Book. British Film Institute, 2009.
- Williams, Melanie, ‘Housewives’ choice’: Woman in a Dressing Gown' in British Cinema of the Fifties. MUP, 2003.