Women's Antifascist Front of Macedonia
The Women's Antifascist Front of Macedonia (Macedonian: Антифашистички фронт на жените на Македонија, transliterated Antifašistički front na ženite na Makedonija (literally "Antifascist Front for the Women of Macedonia") abbreviated AFŽ (АФЖ)) was a World War II-era feminist movement in Macedonia and the predecessor to several present-day feminist organisations in the Republic of Macedonia. It was formed by volunteers in 1942, along with other Women's Antifascist Fronts in Yugoslavia and was one of only four to also become an organised resistance movement.
The most prominent figure in the movement was Veselinka Malinska, a decorated National Liberation War of Macedonia veteran and ASNOM participant whose father partook in the Ilinden Uprising of 1903. The movement was closely affiliated to the Greek Civil War organisation, the National Liberation Front which had a substantial amount of female partisans.
The AFŽ's dominant goal was to improve schooling for females and increase their literacy rate, as a majority of illiterates at the time were women. The organisation, much like their allies, the National Liberation Front and the National Liberation Youth Association in Greek Macedonia, were labelled 'bandits' by the Greek government following World War II.
- P. Ramet, Sabrina. (1999). Gender Politics in the Western Balkans: Women, Society and Politics in Yugoslavia and the Yugoslav Successor States. Penn State University Press. pp. 75-76. ISBN 978-0-271-01802-7. Google Book Search. Retrieved on July 14, 2009.
- de Haan, F. Daskalova, K. Loutfi, A. (2006). A Biographical Dictionary of Women's Movements and Feminisms in Central, Eastern and Southern Europe: 19th and 20th Centuries. Central European University Press. pp. 296-300. ISBN 978-963-7326-39-4. Google Book Search. Retrieved on July 8, 2008.
- Trouton, R. (1952). Peasant Renaissance in Yugoslavia, 1900-1950: A Study of the Development of Yugoslav Peasant Society as Affected by Education. Routledge. p. 283. ISBN 0-415-17612-3. Google Book Search. Retrieved on July 8, 2008.
- "The Aegean part of Macedonia after the Balkan Wars". Council for Research into South-Eastern Europe of the Macedonian Academy of Sciences and Arts. 1996.
- President Branko Crvenkovski is patron of the manifestation marking the 60th anniversary of the Women’s Antifascist Front of Macedonia
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