Women's Cricket World Cup
|Administrator||International Cricket Council|
|First tournament||England 1973|
|Number of teams||(see list below)|
|Current champion||Australia (6th title)|
|Most successful||Australia (6 titles)|
|Most runs||Debbie Hockley (1,501)|
|Most wickets||Lyn Fullston (39)|
The Women's World Cup is currently organised by the International Cricket Council (ICC). Until 2005, when the two organisations merged, it was administered by a separate body, the International Women's Cricket Council (IWCC). The first World Cup was held in England in 1973, two years before the inaugural men's tournament. The event's early years were marked by funding difficulties, which meant several teams had to decline invitations to compete and caused gaps of up to six years between tournaments. However, since 2005 World Cups have been hosted at regular four-year intervals.
The ten World Cups played to date have been held in five different countries, with India having hosted the event three times. The number of teams has been fixed at eight since the 2000 event, with the preceding tournament in 1997 having been contested by a record eleven teams. Australia are by far the most successful team, having won six titles and failed to make the final on only two occasions. England (three titles) and New Zealand (one title) are the only other teams to have won the event, while India and the West Indies have each reached the final on one occasion without going on to win.
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First World Cup
Women's international cricket was first played 1933 in , when a party from England toured Australia and New Zealand. The first Test match was played on 28–31 December 1934, and was won by England. The first Test against New Zealand followed early the following year. These three nations remained the only Test playing teams in women's cricket until 1960, when South Africa played a number of matches against England. Limited overs cricket was first played by first-class teams in England in 1962. Nine years later, the first international one day match was played in men's cricket, when England took on Australia at the Melbourne Cricket Ground.
Talks began in 1971 about holding a World Cup for women's cricket, led by Jack Hayward. South Africa, under pressure from the world for their apartheid laws, were not invited to take part in the competition. Both of the other two Test playing nations, Australia and New Zealand were invited. Hayward had previously organised tours of the West Indies by England women, and it was from this region that the other two competing nations were drawn; Jamaica and Trinidad & Tobago. To make up the numbers, England also fielded a "Young England" team, and an "International XI" was also included. Five South Africans were invited to play for the International XI as a means of compensation for the team not being invited, but these invitations were later withdrawn.
The inaugural tournament was held at a variety of venues across England in June and July 1973, two years before the first men's Cricket World Cup was played. The competition was played as a round-robin tournament, and the last scheduled match was England against Australia. Australia went into the game leading the table by a solitary point: they had won four matches and had one abandoned. England had also won four matches, but they had lost to New Zealand. As a result, the match also served as a de facto final for the competition. England won the match, held at Edgbaston, Birmingham by 92 runs to win the tournament.
129/2 (44.5 overs)
|Australia won by 8 wickets
127/7 (60 overs)
195/5 (60 overs)
|England won by 67 runs
| New Zealand
128 (55.1 overs)
165/5 (47.4 overs)
|Australia won by 5 wickets
| New Zealand
164 (49.3 overs)
|2000||New Zealand||Lincoln|| New Zealand
184 (48.4 overs)
|New Zealand won by 4 runs
180 (49.1 overs)
|2005||South Africa||Centurion|| Australia
215/4 (50 overs)
|Australia won by 98 runs
117 (46 overs)
|England won by 4 wickets
| New Zealand
166 (47.2 overs)
259/7 (50 overs)
|Australia won by 114 runs
| West Indies
145 (43.1 overs)
- 1st – Champions
- 2nd – Runners-up
- 3rd – Third place
- SF – Losing semi-finalist (no third-place playoff)
- QF – Losing quarter-finalist (no further playoffs)
- 1R – First round
- — Hosts
|World Cup records|
|Most runs||Debbie Hockley||New Zealand||1,501||1982–2000|||
|Highest average (min. 10 innings)||Karen Rolton||Australia||74.92||1997–2009|||
|Highest score||Belinda Clark||Australia||229 not out||1997|||
|Highest partnership||Haidee Tiffen & Suzie Bates||New Zealand||262||2009|||
|Most runs in a tournament||Debbie Hockley||New Zealand||456||1997|||
|Most wickets||Lyn Fullston||Australia||39||1982–1988|||
|Lowest average (min. 500 balls bowled)||Katrina Keenan||New Zealand||9.72||1997–2000|||
|Best bowling figures||Jackie Lord||New Zealand||6/10||1982|||
|Most wickets in a tournament||Lyn Fullston||Australia||23||1982|||
|Most dismissals (wicket-keeper)||Jane Smit||England||40||1993–2005|||
|Most catches (fielder)||Janette Brittin||England||19||1982–1997|||
|Highest score||Australia (v Denmark)||412/3||1997|||
|Lowest score||Pakistan (v Australia)||27||1997|||
|Highest win %||Australia||87.16|||
- Heyhoe Flint & Rheinberg (1976), pp. 175–180.
- Williamson, Martin (uky). "The low-key birth of one-day cricket". ESPNcricinfo. Retrieved 22 January 2012. Check date values in:
- Williamson, Martin (22 June 2010). "The birth of the one-day international". ESPNcricinfo. Retrieved 22 January 2012.
- Heyhoe Flint & Rheinberg (1976), p. 168.
- "World Cups 1926–1997". Women's Cricket History. Retrieved 22 January 2012.
- "Women's World Cup, 1973 / Results". ESPNcricinfo. Retrieved 22 January 2012.
- Baker, Andrew (20 March 2009). "England women's cricketers aiming to lift World Cup for third time". The Daily Telegraph. London: Telegraph Media Group. Retrieved 22 January 2012.
- "Women's World Cup 1973 Table". CricketArchive. Retrieved 22 January 2012.
- "21st Match: England Women v Australia Women at Birmingham, Jul 28, 1973". ESPNcricinfo. Retrieved 22 January 2012.
- "Records / Women's World Cup / Most runs". ESPNcricinfo. Retrieved 21 January 2012.
- "Records / Women's World Cup / Highest averages". ESPNcricinfo. Retrieved 21 January 2012.
- "Records / Women's World Cup / High scores". ESPNcricinfo. Retrieved 21 January 2012.
- "Records / Women's World Cup / Highest partnerships by runs". ESPNcricinfo. Retrieved 21 January 2012.
- "Records / Women's World Cup / Most runs in a series". ESPNcricinfo. Retrieved 21 January 2012.
- "Records / Women's World Cup / Most wickets". ESPNcricinfo. Retrieved 21 January 2012.
- "Women's World Cup / Best averages". ESPNcricinfo. Retrieved 19 March 2015.
- "Records / Women's World Cup / Best bowling figures in an innings". ESPNcricinfo. Retrieved 21 January 2012.
- "Records / Women's World Cup / Most wickets in a series". ESPNcricinfo. Retrieved 21 January 2012.
- "Records / Women's World Cup / Most dismissals". ESPNcricinfo. Retrieved 21 January 2012.
- "Records / Women's World Cup / Most catches". ESPNcricinfo. Retrieved 21 January 2012.
- "Records / Women's World Cup / Highest totals". ESPNcricinfo. Retrieved 21 January 2012.
- "Records / Women's World Cup / Lowest totals". ESPNcricinfo. Retrieved 21 January 2012.
- "Records / Women's World Cup / Result summary". ESPNcricinfo. Retrieved 21 January 2012.
- Heyhoe Flint, Rachael; Rheinberg, Netta (1976). Fair Play: The story of women's cricket. London: Angus and Robertson. ISBN 0-207-95698-7.
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