Women's Cricket World Cup

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ICC Women's Cricket World Cup
Administrator International Cricket Council
Format ODI
First tournament England 1973
Number of teams (see list below)
Current champion  Australia (6th title)
Most successful  Australia (6 titles)
Most runs New Zealand Debbie Hockley (1,501)
Most wickets Australia Lyn Fullston (39)

The ICC Women's Cricket World Cup is the oldest and most prestigious international women's cricket tournament. It serves as the world championship for the sport's One Day International (ODI) format.

The Women's World Cup is currently organised by the International Cricket Council (ICC). Until 2005, when the two organisations merged, it was administered by a separate body, the International Women's Cricket Council (IWCC). The first World Cup was held in England in 1973, two years before the inaugural men's tournament. The event's early years were marked by funding difficulties, which meant several teams had to decline invitations to compete and caused gaps of up to six years between tournaments. However, since 2005 World Cups have been hosted at regular four-year intervals.

The ten World Cups played to date have been held in five different countries, with India having hosted the event three times. The number of teams has been fixed at eight since the 2000 event, with the preceding tournament in 1997 having been contested by a record eleven teams. Australia are by far the most successful team, having won six titles and failed to make the final on only two occasions. England (three titles) and New Zealand (one title) are the only other teams to have won the event, while India and the West Indies have each reached the final on one occasion without going on to win.

History[edit]

First World Cup[edit]

Women's international cricket was first played 1933 in , when a party from England toured Australia and New Zealand. The first Test match was played on 28–31 December 1934, and was won by England.[1] The first Test against New Zealand followed early the following year. These three nations remained the only Test playing teams in women's cricket until 1960, when South Africa played a number of matches against England.[1] Limited overs cricket was first played by first-class teams in England in 1962.[2] Nine years later, the first international one day match was played in men's cricket, when England took on Australia at the Melbourne Cricket Ground.[3]

Talks began in 1971 about holding a World Cup for women's cricket, led by Jack Hayward.[4] South Africa, under pressure from the world for their apartheid laws, were not invited to take part in the competition.[5] Both of the other two Test playing nations, Australia and New Zealand were invited. Hayward had previously organised tours of the West Indies by England women, and it was from this region that the other two competing nations were drawn; Jamaica and Trinidad & Tobago. To make up the numbers, England also fielded a "Young England" team, and an "International XI" was also included.[4] Five South Africans were invited to play for the International XI as a means of compensation for the team not being invited, but these invitations were later withdrawn.[5]

The inaugural tournament was held at a variety of venues across England in June and July 1973,[6] two years before the first men's Cricket World Cup was played.[7] The competition was played as a round-robin tournament, and the last scheduled match was England against Australia. Australia went into the game leading the table by a solitary point: they had won four matches and had one abandoned. England had also won four matches, but they had lost to New Zealand.[6][8] As a result, the match also served as a de facto final for the competition. England won the match, held at Edgbaston, Birmingham by 92 runs to win the tournament.[9]

Results[edit]

By year[edit]

Year Host(s) Final venue Result
Winner Margin Runner-up
1988  Australia Melbourne  Australia
129/2 (44.5 overs)
Australia won by 8 wickets
scorecard
 England
127/7 (60 overs)
1993  England London  England
195/5 (60 overs)
England won by 67 runs
scorecard
 New Zealand
128 (55.1 overs)
1997  India Calcutta  Australia
165/5 (47.4 overs)
Australia won by 5 wickets
scorecard
 New Zealand
164 (49.3 overs)
2000  New Zealand Lincoln  New Zealand
184 (48.4 overs)
New Zealand won by 4 runs
scorecard
 Australia
180 (49.1 overs)
2005  South Africa Centurion  Australia
215/4 (50 overs)
Australia won by 98 runs
scorecard
 India
117 (46 overs)
2009  Australia Sydney  England
167/6(46.1 overs)
England won by 4 wickets
scorecard
 New Zealand
166 (47.2 overs)
2013  India Mumbai  Australia
259/7 (50 overs)
Australia won by 114 runs
scorecard
 West Indies
145 (43.1 overs)
2017  England London
2021  New Zealand

By team[edit]

Legend
  • 1st – Champions
  • 2nd – Runners-up
  • 3rd – Third place
  • SF – Losing semi-finalist (no third-place playoff)
  • QF – Losing quarter-finalist (no further playoffs)
  • 1R – First round
  •     — Hosts
Team Australia
1988
England
1993
India
1997
New Zealand
2000
South Africa
2005
Australia
2009
India
2013
England
2017
Total
 Australia 1st 3rd 1st 2nd 1st 4th 1st Q 8
 Denmark 7th 10th 2
 England 2nd 1st SF 5th SF 1st 3rd Q 8
 India 5th 4th SF SF 2nd 3rd 7th Q 8
 Ireland 4th 5th QF 7th 8th 5
 Netherlands 5th 8th QF 8th 4
 New Zealand 3rd 2nd 2nd 1st SF 2nd 4th Q 8
 Pakistan 11th 6th 8th Q 4
 South Africa QF SF 6th 7th 6th Q 6
 Sri Lanka QF 6th 7th 8th 5th Q 6
 West Indies 6th 1R 5th 5th 2nd Q 6

Records[edit]

World Cup records
Batting
Most runs Debbie Hockley  New Zealand 1,501 1982–2000 [10]
Highest average (min. 10 innings) Karen Rolton  Australia 74.92 1997–2009 [11]
Highest score Belinda Clark  Australia 229 not out 1997 [12]
Highest partnership Haidee Tiffen & Suzie Bates  New Zealand 262 2009 [13]
Most runs in a tournament Debbie Hockley  New Zealand 456 1997 [14]
Bowling
Most wickets Lyn Fullston  Australia 39 1982–1988 [15]
Lowest average (min. 500 balls bowled) Katrina Keenan  New Zealand 9.72 1997–2000 [16]
Best bowling figures Jackie Lord  New Zealand 6/10 1982 [17]
Most wickets in a tournament Lyn Fullston  Australia 23 1982 [18]
Fielding
Most dismissals (wicket-keeper) Jane Smit  England 40 1993–2005 [19]
Most catches (fielder) Janette Brittin  England 19 1982–1997 [20]
Team
Highest score  Australia (v Denmark) 412/3 1997 [21]
Lowest score  Pakistan (v Australia) 27 1997 [22]
Highest win %  Australia 87.16 [23]

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b Heyhoe Flint & Rheinberg (1976), pp. 175–180.
  2. ^ Williamson, Martin (uky). "The low-key birth of one-day cricket". ESPNcricinfo. Retrieved 22 January 2012.  Check date values in: |date= (help)
  3. ^ Williamson, Martin (22 June 2010). "The birth of the one-day international". ESPNcricinfo. Retrieved 22 January 2012. 
  4. ^ a b Heyhoe Flint & Rheinberg (1976), p. 168.
  5. ^ a b "World Cups 1926–1997". Women's Cricket History. Retrieved 22 January 2012. 
  6. ^ a b "Women's World Cup, 1973 / Results". ESPNcricinfo. Retrieved 22 January 2012. 
  7. ^ Baker, Andrew (20 March 2009). "England women's cricketers aiming to lift World Cup for third time". The Daily Telegraph. London: Telegraph Media Group. Retrieved 22 January 2012. 
  8. ^ "Women's World Cup 1973 Table". CricketArchive. Retrieved 22 January 2012. 
  9. ^ "21st Match: England Women v Australia Women at Birmingham, Jul 28, 1973". ESPNcricinfo. Retrieved 22 January 2012. 
  10. ^ "Records / Women's World Cup / Most runs". ESPNcricinfo. Retrieved 21 January 2012. 
  11. ^ "Records / Women's World Cup / Highest averages". ESPNcricinfo. Retrieved 21 January 2012. 
  12. ^ "Records / Women's World Cup / High scores". ESPNcricinfo. Retrieved 21 January 2012. 
  13. ^ "Records / Women's World Cup / Highest partnerships by runs". ESPNcricinfo. Retrieved 21 January 2012. 
  14. ^ "Records / Women's World Cup / Most runs in a series". ESPNcricinfo. Retrieved 21 January 2012. 
  15. ^ "Records / Women's World Cup / Most wickets". ESPNcricinfo. Retrieved 21 January 2012. 
  16. ^ "Women's World Cup / Best averages". ESPNcricinfo. Retrieved 19 March 2015. 
  17. ^ "Records / Women's World Cup / Best bowling figures in an innings". ESPNcricinfo. Retrieved 21 January 2012. 
  18. ^ "Records / Women's World Cup / Most wickets in a series". ESPNcricinfo. Retrieved 21 January 2012. 
  19. ^ "Records / Women's World Cup / Most dismissals". ESPNcricinfo. Retrieved 21 January 2012. 
  20. ^ "Records / Women's World Cup / Most catches". ESPNcricinfo. Retrieved 21 January 2012. 
  21. ^ "Records / Women's World Cup / Highest totals". ESPNcricinfo. Retrieved 21 January 2012. 
  22. ^ "Records / Women's World Cup / Lowest totals". ESPNcricinfo. Retrieved 21 January 2012. 
  23. ^ "Records / Women's World Cup / Result summary". ESPNcricinfo. Retrieved 21 January 2012. 

Bibliography[edit]

External links[edit]