Women's World Chess Championship 1981

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The 1981 Women's World Chess Championship was won by Maia Chiburdanidze, who successfully defended her title against challenger Nana Alexandria after a closely fought match, which ended in an 8-8 tie.

1979 Interzonals[edit]

Like the previous one, this championship cycle contained two Interzonal tournaments, held in Rio de Janeiro in September and Alicante in October 1979, featuring the best players from each FIDE zone. A total of 35 players took part, with the top three from Rio (17 players) and the top four from Alicante (18 players) qualifying for the Candidates Tournament.

Ioseliani won convincingly in Rio, 2½ points ahead of Petronic and Alexandria.[1]

In Alicante, Lematschko and Akhmilovskaya shared first place, well ahead of Gurieli and Litinskaya. However, Lematschko subsequently defected from socialist Bulgaria and was unable to take part in the Candidates Tournament, so her place was given to Fischdick as fourth-placed from the Rio Interzonal (on tie-breaks).[2] Lematschko later settled in Switzerland and reached the Candidates Tournament again in the following cycle, representing her new country.

1979 Women's Interzonal, Rio de Janeiro
Player 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12 13 14 15 16 17 Points Tie break
1  Nana Ioseliani (Soviet Union) - ½ 1 1 ½ 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 ½ 1 1 14½
2  Zsuzsa Veroci-Petronic (Hungary) ½ - 1 ½ ½ ½ ½ ½ 1 ½ 1 1 1 1 1 ½ 1 12
3  Nana Alexandria (Soviet Union) 0 0 - ½ ½ 1 0 1 1 0 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 11
4  Gisela Fischdick (West Germany) 0 ½ ½ - ½ 1 1 ½ 1 1 ½ 0 1 ½ ½ 1 1 10½ 74.50
5  Elisabeta Polihroniade (Romania) ½ ½ ½ ½ - ½ 1 ½ ½ ½ ½ 0 1 1 1 1 1 10½ 73.50
6  Valentina Kozlovskaya (Soviet Union) 0 ½ 0 0 ½ - 1 1 ½ 1 1 1 0 ½ ½ 1 1 63.25
7  Milunka Lazarević (Yugoslavia) 0 ½ 1 0 0 0 - 0 1 1 1 1 1 0 1 1 1 60.50
8  Tatiana Zatulovskaya (Soviet Union) 0 ½ 0 ½ ½ 0 1 - ½ 0 0 1 1 1 1 1 1 9 55.50
9  Kveta Eretova (Czechoslovakia) 0 0 0 0 ½ ½ 0 ½ - 1 1 1 1 1 1 ½ 1 9 54.25
10  Borislava Borisova (Sweden) 0 ½ 1 0 ½ 0 0 1 0 - 1 ½ 0 ½ 1 1 1 8
11  Jana Miles (England) 0 0 0 ½ ½ 0 0 1 0 0 - 1 ½ 1 1 1 1
12  Rachel Crotto (USA) 0 0 0 1 1 0 0 0 0 ½ 0 - 1 ½ ½ 1 1 38.50
13  Rohini Khadilkar (India) 0 0 0 0 0 1 0 0 0 1 ½ 0 - 1 1 1 1 33.25
14  Barbara Hund (West Germany) 0 0 0 ½ 0 ½ 1 0 0 ½ 0 ½ 0 - 1 1 1 6
15  Edith Soppe (Argentina) ½ 0 0 ½ 0 ½ 0 0 0 0 0 ½ 0 0 - 1 1 4
16  Ruth Volgl Cardoso (Brazil) 0 ½ 0 0 0 0 0 0 ½ 0 0 0 0 0 0 - ½
17  Ana Luisa Carvajal (Cuba) 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 ½ - ½
1979 Women's Interzonal, Alicante
Player 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12 13 14 15 16 17 18 Points Tie break
1  Tatjana Lematschko (Bulgaria) - ½ 1 1 1 ½ 1 1 0 1 ½ ½ ½ 1 1 1 1 1 13½ 107.75
2  Elena Akhmilovskaya (Soviet Union) ½ - ½ 1 0 1 1 1 1 1 0 1 ½ 1 1 1 1 1 13½ 104.50
3  Nino Gurieli (Soviet Union) 0 ½ - 0 0 1 ½ 1 1 ½ ½ 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 12
4  Marta Litinskaya (Soviet Union) 0 0 1 - 0 0 0 1 ½ 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 11½
5  Diane Savereide (USA) 0 1 1 1 - ½ 0 0 0 1 1 ½ ½ 1 1 ½ 1 1 11
6  Elena Fatalibekova (Soviet Union) ½ 0 0 1 ½ - 0 0 1 0 ½ 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 10½
7  Mária Ivánka (Hungary) 0 0 ½ 1 1 1 - 1 1 ½ ½ 1 ½ 0 0 0 1 1 10
8  Maaja Ranniku (Soviet Union) 0 0 0 0 1 1 0 - ½ 1 ½ ½ 0 ½ 1 1 1 1 9
9  Nieves García (Spain) 1 0 0 ½ 1 0 0 ½ - 1 1 0 ½ ½ 0 ½ 1 1 65.25
10  Gertrude Baumstark (Romania) 0 0 ½ 0 0 1 ½ 0 0 - ½ 0 1 1 1 1 1 1 54.50
11  Alexandra van der Mije (Netherlands) ½ 1 ½ 0 0 ½ ½ ½ 0 ½ - ½ ½ 0 1 ½ ½ 1 8 64.75
12  Asela De Armas (Cuba) ½ 0 0 0 ½ 0 0 ½ 1 1 ½ - 1 1 0 1 ½ ½ 8 58.25
13  Gordana Marković (Yugoslavia) ½ ½ 0 0 ½ 0 ½ 1 ½ 0 ½ 0 - ½ 1 0 1 0 53.00
14  Olivera Prokopovic (Yugoslavia) 0 0 0 0 0 0 1 ½ ½ 0 1 0 ½ - 0 1 1 1 40.00
15  Nava Shterenberg (Canada) 0 0 0 0 0 0 1 0 1 0 0 1 0 1 - 0 1 1 6
16  Berna Carrasco (Chile) 0 0 0 0 ½ 0 1 0 ½ 0 ½ 0 1 0 1 - 0 ½ 5
17  Narelle Kellner (Australia) 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 ½ ½ 0 0 0 1 - ½ 14.25
18  Miyoko Watai (Japan) 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 ½ 1 0 0 ½ ½ - 14.25

1980–81 Candidates Tournament[edit]

The seven qualifiers from the two Interzonals were joined by ex-champion Gaprindashvili, who had been seeded into the tournament.

These eight players contested a knock-out series of matches. The semifinal Ioseliani-Gaprindashvili ended 7-7; in the end, Ioseliani won the lucky draw and advanced to the final. Here she lost to Alexandria, who earned the right to challenge the reigning champion for the second time (after 1975).[3]

 
Quarter-finals Semi-finals Final
 
                   
 
Kislovodsk, Mar 1980
 
 
Soviet Union Nana Alexandria
 
Vilnius, Sep 1980
 
Soviet Union Elena Akhmilovskaya
 
Soviet Union Nana Alexandria 7
 
Baden-Baden, Mar 1980
 
Soviet Union Marta Litinskaya 5
 
Soviet Union Marta Litinskaya
 
Tbilisi, Jan 1981
 
West Germany Gisela Fischdick
 
Soviet Union Nana Alexandria
 
Donji Milanovac, Mar 1980
 
Soviet Union Nana Ioseliani
 
Soviet Union Nana Ioseliani 6
 
Tbilisi, Sep 1980
 
Hungary Zsuzsa Veroci-Petronic 3
 
Soviet Union Nana Ioseliani 7
 
Tbilisi, Mar 1980
 
Soviet Union Nona Gaprindashvili 7
 
Soviet Union Nona Gaprindashvili 6
 
 
Soviet Union Nino Gurieli 3
 

1981 Championship Match[edit]

The championship match was played in Borjomi and Tbilisi in 1981. A tough match went the full 16 games and ended in an 8-8 tie, with champion Chiburdanidze thus retaining her title.[4]

Women's World Championship Match 1981
1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12 13 14 15 16 Total
 Maia Chiburdanidze (Soviet Union) ½ ½ ½ ½ 0 1 1 ½ 1 0 0 ½ ½ ½ 1 0 8
 Nana Alexandria (Soviet Union) ½ ½ ½ ½ 1 0 0 ½ 0 1 1 ½ ½ ½ 0 1 8

References[edit]