Women Surrealists

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Remedios Varo, Exploration of the Source of the Orinoco River, 1959.

Women Surrealists are women artists, photographers, filmmakers and authors connected with the Surrealist Movement, which began in the early 1920s.



  • Elisa Breton (1906-2000) was a Chilean-born French artist and writer. The third wife of André Breton, she made surrealist boxes.
  • Méret Oppenheim (1913–1985) was a German-Swiss sculptor and photographer, also famous as one of Man Ray's models. Her most famous sculpture is Object (Breakfast in Fur), a teacup, saucer and spoon completely encased in soft brown fur.[4]
  • Mimi Parent (1924-2005) was a Canadian artist described by Breton as one of the "vital forces" of Surrealism. Her 'picture objects' were hybrids between painting and sculpture.


  • Claude Cahun (1894–1954) was a French photographer and writer, associated with the surrealist movement.
  • Nusch Éluard (1906-1946) was a French photographer, performer and model.
  • Henriette Grindat (1923–1986) was one of the few Swiss women to develop an interest in artistic photography, associating with André Breton and later collaborating with Albert Camus.
  • Ida Kar (1908-1974) was a Russian-born photographer who lived and worked in Paris, Cairo and London.
  • Dora Maar (1907–1997) was a Croatian-born French photographer who had a nine-year relationship with Pablo Picasso.
  • Emila Medková (1928–1985) was a Czech photographer who began producing surrealistic works in 1947, above all remarkable documentary images of the urban environment.
  • Lee Miller (1907–1977) was an American photographer, photojournalist and model.
  • Francesca Woodman (1958–1981) was an American photographer who explored the relationship between the body and its surroundings.




See also[edit]


  1. ^ Richard Vine, "Where the Wild Things Were", Art in America, May 1997, pp. 98-111
  2. ^ Warren, Lynn, Art in Chicago 1945-1995, Thames & Hudson, 1996 ISBN 978-0-500-23728-1
  3. ^ Colvile, Georgiana, Scandaleusement d'elles: trente-quatre femmes surréalistes, Jean-Michel Place, Paris, 1999 ISBN 978-2-85893-496-6
  4. ^ a b c d e f Heller, Nancy G., Women Artists: An Illustrated History, Abbeville Press, Publishers, New York 1987 ISBN 0-89659-748-2
  5. ^ Kaplan, Janet A. Unexpected Journeys: The Art and Life of Remedios Varo, Abbeville Press, New York 1988 ISBN 0-89659-797-0
  6. ^ [1], Philadelphia Museum of Art, The Art and Fashion of Elsa Schiaparelli, (2003)
  7. ^ Fiona Joy Mackintosh (2003). Childhood in the Works of Silvina Ocampo and Alejandra Pizarnik. Tamesis Books. pp. 130–1. ISBN 978-1-85566-095-3. 
  8. ^ Melanie Nicholson (2013). Surrealism in Latin American Literature: Searching for Breton's Ghost. Palgrave Macmillan. pp. 100–1. ISBN 978-1-137-31761-2. 
  9. ^ Franklin Rosemont; Robin D.G. Kelley (2009). Black, Brown, & Beige: Surrealist Writings from Africa and the Diaspora. University of Texas Press. p. 141. ISBN 978-0-292-71997-2.