Women in Croatia
Women in Croatia wearing traditional costume
|Gender Inequality Index|
|Rank||33rd out of 152|
|Maternal mortality (per 100,000)||17 (2010)|
|Women in parliament||23.8% (2013)|
|Females over 25 with secondary education||85.0% (2012)|
|Women in labour force||50% (employment rate Eurostat definition, 2014)|
|Global Gender Gap Index|
|Rank||49th out of 144|
|Women in society|
Women in Croatia form half the population and in modern Croatian culture they are largely equal to men.
The sex ratio of the population is 1.06 males per 1 female at birth and up to 14 years of age, and 0.99 males per 1 female between the ages of 15 and 64. But at ages over 64 the ratio is 0.64 males per 1 female. The ratio for the total population is 0.93 males per 1 female. Life expectancy for women in Croatia is 80.1 years (2012).
In 2009, there were 44,577 live births in Croatia, comprising 22,877 male and 21,700 female children. Virtually all of those were performed in medical facilities; only 34 births occurred elsewhere. Out of the total number, 38,809 children were born in wedlock or within 300 days after the end of the marriage, and the average age of mothers at the birth of their first child was 27 years and 5 months. General fertility rate, i.e. number of births per 1,000 women aged 15–49 is 42.9, with the age specific rate peaking at 101.0 per million for women aged 25–29.
In 2014, there were a total of 1.342 million employed persons, with 46% of that number pertaining to women.
In 2013, the principal cause of death for women in Croatia were diseased of circulatory system at 54.3%, followed by tumors at 23.6%. Other significant causes of death are injuries, poisonings and other external causes (4.3%), respiratory system diseases (3.5%), digestive system diseases (3.3%), and endocrine, nutritional and metabolic diseases (2.8%).
Notable Croatian women
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The History of Croatia records several notable Croatian women.
Jelena Nelipčić was the Queen of Bosnia. Beatrica Frankopan was noblewoman, and by marriage an heiress of Hunyad Castle. Ana Katarina Zrinska, also from Frankopan family, was a noblewoman, remembered as a patron of the arts, writer and patriot. Her daughter, Jelena Zrinski, is considered a national heroine. Another notable woman in Croatian political history was Savka Dabčević-Kučar, who became one of the most influential Croatian female politicians during the communist period, and became the 5th Prime Minister of Croatia, and the 1st female Prime Minister of Croatia.
In art, Ivana Brlić-Mažuranić is remembered as the best Croatian writer for children. Slava Raškaj was a painter considered to be the greatest Croatian watercolorist of the late 19th and early 20th century. Dora Pejačević was one of the composers to introduce the orchestral song to Croatian music, while Paula von Preradović wrote the lyrics for the national anthem of Austria, "Land der Berge, Land am Strome".
A Gender Equality Ombudsman and the Office for Gender Equality has existed since 2003.
- "Table 4: Gender Inequality Index". United Nations Development Programme. Retrieved 7 November 2014.
- "The Global Gender Gap Report 2013" (PDF). World Economic Forum. pp. 12–13.
- "Population by Age and Sex, by Settlements, 2011 Census". Census of Population, Households and Dwellings 2011. Zagreb: Croatian Bureau of Statistics. December 2012. Retrieved 2013-11-18.
- "World Factbook". Central Intelligence Agency. Retrieved 9 September 2011.
- Ostroški, Ljiljana, ed. (December 2015). Statistički ljetopis Republike Hrvatske 2015 [Statistical Yearbook of the Republic of Croatia 2015] (PDF). Statistical Yearbook of the Republic of Croatia (in Croatian and English). 47. Zagreb: Croatian Bureau of Statistics. p. 148. ISSN 1333-3305. Retrieved 27 December 2015.
- Ostroški, Ljiljana, ed. (December 2015). Statistički ljetopis Republike Hrvatske 2015 [Statistical Yearbook of the Republic of Croatia 2015] (PDF). Statistical Yearbook of the Republic of Croatia (in Croatian and English). 47. Zagreb: Croatian Bureau of Statistics. p. 124. ISSN 1333-3305. Retrieved 27 December 2015.
- Croatian Parliament (14 July 2003). "Zakon o ravnopravnosti spolova". Narodne novine (in Croatian) (116/2003).
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