Women in Oceania
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Women have been a vital part of history and culture in the geographic area known as Oceania today. Women in Oceania have diverse cultural identities which relate to the geography of the continent and the social structures of the people living there. Their evolution, culture and history coincide with the history of Oceania itself.
- 1 History
- 2 Traditional roles among women in Oceania
- 3 Promoting equality for women in Oceania
- 4 Women's health in Oceania
- 5 Sexual harassment and violence
- 6 See also
- 7 References
- 8 External links
Early women in Oceania
The person credited to be the first white-skinned European woman to settle in New Zealand was Charlotte Badger (she later had a daughter known as Catherine). The first known Australian settlers arrived on the Cocos islands in 1826.
Traditional roles among women in Oceania
In East Timor, due to traditional roles, women are unable to inherit or own property and face the cultural notion that women normally belong at the home. The role of Kiribati women is described in the publication Kiribati, A Situation Analysis of Children, Women and Youth (2005) as "largely defined by her age and marital status". Prestige is inherent to the married Kiribati woman, but she is considerably under the authority of her husband.
Tongan society who traditionally have a "high position in Tongan society" due to the country's partly matriarchal foundation but "can't own land", "subservient" to husbands in terms of "domestic affairs" and "by custom and law, must dress modestly, usually in Mother Hubbard-style dresses hemmed well below the knee".
Promoting equality for women in Oceania
At present, the women of Indonesia are also venturing actively into the realm of national development, and working as active members of organizations that focus and act on women's issues and concerns.
The women of New Zealand have the same level of equality with men, and are conferred the same level of respect as well.
In relation to the labor force, based on data in 2006, Vanuatuan female workers comprised 49.6% of the workforce of Vanuatu. At present, women in Guam - together with Guamanian men - participate in jobs that belong to the wage economy category; but there are also women - among men - who work in the agricultural sector.
In March 2011, International Women's Day was celebrated on Christmas Island for the honor of its female residents. The event was held in order to convey the theme of "what it means to be a woman living on Christmas Island".
Niuean women have "some rights" in relation to land tenure and inheritance of real property, but such rights are not "as strong" as those that belong to the men of Niue.
Modern-day Fijian women have attained better access to education in recent years.
Women's health in Oceania
Sexual harassment and violence
Sovereign states in Oceania
- Women in Australia
- Women and government in Australia
- Women in East Timor
- Women in Fiji
- Women in Indonesia
- Women in Kiribati
- Women in the Marshall Islands
- Women in the Federated States of Micronesia
- Women in Nauru
- Women in New Zealand
- Women's suffrage in New Zealand
- Women in Palau
- Women in Papua New Guinea
- Women in Somoa
- Women in the Solomon Islands
- Women in Tonga
- Women in Tuvalu
- Women in Vanuatu
Dependent territories (Australia)
Dependent territories (Chile)
Dependent territories (France)
Dependent territories (New Zealand)
Dependent territories (UK)
Dependent territories (USA)
- The first woman settler? - go-betweens
- Bulletin of the Atomic Scientists, Vol. 42, No.4, Educational Foundation for Nuclear Science, Inc., April 1986, page 21 (56 pages), ISSN 0096-3402
- Women's Situation, East Timor
- Crook, Matt. Women Learn the Political Ropes, Rights-East Timor
- "1.12 The roles of women", Kiribati, A Situation Analysis of Children, Women and Youth (PDF). Government of Kiribati, with the assistance of UNICEF. 2005. p. 20.
- Nero, Karen L. "Palau". Retrieved 6 October 2013.
- Spano, Susan. "In Tonga, Women Cloak Their Power Under Mother Hubbard Dresses". Los Angeles Times. Retrieved 13 October 2013.
- Linkels, Ad. The Real Music of Paradise. Rough Guides, Broughton, Simon and Ellingham, Mark with McConnachie, James and Duane, Orla (Ed.). p. 221. ISBN 1-85828-636-0.
- Ingham, Xylia (2005). "Career Women in Indonesia: Obstacles Faced, and Prospects for Change". Australian Consortium for 'In-Country' Indonesian Studies. Retrieved 6 May 2011.
- Ahmad, Abdul Razak (29 December 1998). "Redefining the role of women in Indonesia". New Straits Times. Third World Network. Retrieved 6 May 2011.
- New Zealand Customs & Culture
- "Vanuatu". UN Women. Retrieved 15 October 2013.
- Hattori, Anne Perez. "Guam". Countries and Their Cultures. Retrieved 6 October 2013.
- Christmas Island Celebrations - 100 women of Christmas Island for 100 years of International Women's Day, unifem.org
- Barker, Judith C. "Niue". Advameg, Inc. Retrieved 15 October 2013.
- "Roles women play". The Fiji Times ONLINE. Retrieved 14 October 2013.
- "Motufoua Secondary School". Retrieved 20 November 2012.
- "Fetuvalu High School (Funafuti)". Retrieved 20 November 2012.
- Human Development Report 2009 – Solomon Islands. Hdrstats.undp.org. Retrieved 24 September 2010.
- Tiffany, Sharon W. (2013). "Women in Oceania". In Stromquist, Nelly P. (ed.). Women in the Third World: An Encyclopedia of Contemporary Issues. New York: Routledge. ISBN 9780815301509.
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