Women in geology

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Women in geology concerns the history and contributions of women to the field of geology. There has been a long history of women in the field, but they have tended to be under-represented. In the era before the eighteenth century, science and geological science had not been as formalized as they would become later. Hence early geologists tended to be informal observers and collectors, whether they were male or female. Notable examples of this period include Hildegard of Bingen who wrote works concerning stones and Barbara Uthmann who supervised her husband's mining operations after his death. Mrs. Uthmann was also a relative of Georg Agricola. In addition to these names varied aristocratic women had scientific collections of rocks or minerals.[1]

In the nineteenth century a new professional class of geologists emerged that included women. In this period the British tended to have far more women of significance to geology.[2]

In 1977 the Association for Women Geoscientists was formed to support women in this field as they remained under-represented. There have been advances since then although retention remains a problem.

Timeline of women in geology[edit]

Notable women geologists[edit]

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ Kölbl-Ebert, M. (September 2001). "On the origin of women geologists by means of social selection: German and British comparison". Episodes. 24 (3): 182–193. Retrieved 11 June 2015. 
  2. ^ Creese, Mary R. S.; Creese, Thomas M. (5 January 2009). "British women who contributed to research in the geological sciences in the nineteenth century". The British Journal for the History of Science. 27 (01): 23. doi:10.1017/S0007087400031654. 
  3. ^ Rayner-Canham, Marelene F.; Rayner-Canham, Marelene; Rayner-Canham, Geoffrey (2001). Women in Chemistry: Their Changing Roles from Alchemical Times to the Mid-twentieth Century. Chemical Heritage Foundation. p. 7. ISBN 9780941901277. 
  4. ^ Edwin Butt Eckel (1982). The Geological Society of America: Life History of a Learned Society. Geological Society of America. p. 36. ISBN 978-0-8137-1155-3. 
  5. ^ "Florence Bascom papers, 1883-1938". Dla.library.upenn.edu. Retrieved 2018-07-28. 
  6. ^ Clary, R.M. "Great expectations: Florence Bascom (1842–1945) and the education of early US women geologists". Geological society of London Publications. Special Publications. Retrieved 10 October 2017. 
  7. ^ Schneidermann, Jill (July 1997). "A Life of Firsts: Florence Bascom" (PDF). GSA Today. Geological Society of America. 
  8. ^ "The Stone Lady, Florence Bascom (U.S. National Park Service)". Nps.gov. 1945-06-18. Retrieved 2018-07-28. 
  9. ^ Schneidermann, Jill (July 1997). "A Life of Firsts: Florence Bascom" (PDF). GSA Today. Geological Society of America. 
  10. ^ a b irishawg (2016-08-20). "Women in Geoscience Series – Irish Association for Women in Geosciences". Irishawg.wordpress.com. Retrieved 2018-07-28. 
  11. ^ "Alice Wilson". science.ca. Retrieved 2018-08-08. 
  12. ^ "66. Ottawa Geology (1946)". Science.gc.ca. 2017-03-03. Retrieved 2018-08-08. 
  13. ^ a b James-Abra, Erin. "Alice Wilson". The Canadian Encyclopedia. Retrieved 2018-08-23. 
  14. ^ Edmond A. Mathez, ed. (2000). EARTH: INSIDE AND OUT. American Museum of Natural History. Archived from the original on 2008-04-30. 
  15. ^ a b c d e f Rod Bowie, Records Centre Manager, National Geological Records Centre, British Geological Survey, Keyworth. [file:///C:/Users/Pjohnson/Downloads/Freedom%20and%20Equalit2_fin%20(1).pdf "Freedom and Equality-Women in Geology"] Check |url= value (help) (PDF). British Geological Survey, Natural Environment Research Council. Retrieved 2018-05-23. 
  16. ^ Hulbe, Christina L. (2010). "Women in glaciology, a historical perspective" (PDF). Journal of Glaciology. 56 (200): 944–964. 
  17. ^ Thomas, Campbell (2000-01-12). "Moira Dunbar". the Guardian. Retrieved 2018-08-23. 
  18. ^ "80th Anniversary: Northern Exposure - History - The Royal Canadian Geographical Society". www.rcgs.org. Retrieved 2018-08-23. 
  19. ^ Plant, J. A.; Hackett, D.; Taylor, B. J. (1994). "The role of women in the British Geological Survey". Geology Today. 10 (4): 151–156. doi:10.1111/j.1365-2451.1994.tb00893.x. 
  20. ^ "Iowa State University" (PDF). Retrieved 2018-08-08. 
  21. ^ Hughes, Amani (2018-03-22). "Katsuko Saruhashi honoured by Google: Who is the geochemist celebrated in today's Doodle?". Express.co.uk. Retrieved 2018-08-23. 
  22. ^ Ogilvie, M.B.; Harvey J.D. (2000). The Biographical Dictionary of Women in Science:L-Z. Taylor & Francis. pp. 1350–1351. ISBN 978-0-415-92040-7. Retrieved 2010-02-13. 
  23. ^ IANS (2013-12-22). "India's Antarctica station at par with world: Geologist Sudipta Sengupta (Interview)". Business Standard India. Retrieved 2018-08-27. 
  24. ^ Margaret W. Rossiter (21 February 2012). Women Scientists in America: Forging a New World Since 1972. JHU Press. pp. 249–. ISBN 978-1-4214-0233-8. 
  25. ^ Kennedy, Barbara (18 January 1995). "OBITUARIES: Marjorie Sweeting". The Independent. 
  26. ^ "Karst in China - Its Geomorphology and Environment | Marjorie M. Sweeting". Springer. Retrieved 2018-08-08. 
  27. ^ https://www.usgs.gov/staff-profiles/marcia-k-mcnutt?qt-staff_profile_science_products=6#qt-staff_profile_science_products
  28. ^ "Climate Scientist Is First Woman to Win Geology's Storied Wollaston Medal". Lamont -Doherty Earth Observatory. March 4, 2014. Retrieved 16 February 2018. 
  29. ^ "The Geological Society". Geolsoc.org.uk. 2016-08-24. Retrieved 2018-08-14. 
  30. ^ "Science Editor-in-Chief Marcia McNutt Elected President of the National Academy of Sciences". AAAS - The World's Largest General Scientific Society. 2016-02-16. Retrieved 2018-08-26. 
  31. ^ Tait, Mike (2002-02-05). "President of the American Association of Petroleum Geologists to visit Aberdeen University". www.abdn.ac.uk. 
  • Burek, C. V.; Higgs, B., eds. (2007). The role of women in the history of geology. London: Geological Society. ISBN 9781862392274. 

External links[edit]