Women in the 14th–32nd Canadian Parliaments

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Women were first allowed to vote at the federal level in Canada in the 1917 general election in connection with military service, and were allowed to vote under the same conditions as men beginning on May 24, 1918. The next four elections saw only one woman elected: Agnes Macphail. The 1936 election saw two women in the House together for the first time. A by-election in 1941 saw a woman elected to the governing caucus for the first time. The 22nd federal election in 1953 was a slight breakthrough, electing four women, which was 1.5% of the House. Every Parliament thenafter would have at least two women at a time, except for the 28th Parliament from 1968 to 1972, in which Grace MacInnis was the only woman. Then 30th Parliament, elected in 1974, was another breakthrough, containing nine women MPs following the general election and rising to ten due to a by-election in 1976. The number of women in the House would not fall below ten again.

Meanwhile, in the Senate, Cairine Wilson was appointed as the first woman Senator in 1930. Additional women were added every few years, but it was not until two appointments in March 1979 that the Senate would even have ten women serving simultaneously.

Members of the House of Commons[edit]

Parliament House members Party Riding
14th Parliament of Canada
0.4% women MPs
Agnes Macphail   Progressive Grey Southeast, ON
15th Parliament of Canada
0.4% women MPs
Agnes Macphail   Progressive Grey Southeast, ON
16th Parliament of Canada
0.4% women MPs
Agnes Macphail   Progressive Grey Southeast, ON
17th Parliament of Canada
0.4% women MPs
Agnes Macphail   Progressive Grey Southeast, ON
18th Parliament of Canada
0.8% women MPs
Martha Black   Independent Conservative Yukon, YK
Agnes Macphail   United Farmers of Ontario-Labour Grey—Bruce, ON
19th Parliament of Canada
0.8% women MPs
Cora Taylor Casselman*   Liberal Edmonton East, AB
Dorise Nielsen   Unity North Battleford, SK
20th Parliament of Canada
0.4% women MPs
Gladys Strum   Co-operative Commonwealth Federation Qu'Appelle, SK
21st Parliament of Canada
0.4% women MPs
Ellen Fairclough*   Progressive Conservative Hamilton West, ON
22nd Parliament of Canada
1.5% women MPs
Margaret Aitken   Progressive Conservative York—Humber, ON
Sybil Bennett   Progressive Conservative Halton, ON
Ellen Fairclough   Progressive Conservative Hamilton West, ON
Marie Ann Shipley   Liberal Timiskaming, ON
23rd Parliament of Canada
0.8% women MPs
Margaret Aitken   Progressive Conservative York—Humber, ON
Ellen Fairclough   Progressive Conservative Hamilton West, ON
24th Parliament of Canada
1.9% women MPs
Margaret Aitken   Progressive Conservative York—Humber, ON
Ellen Fairclough   Progressive Conservative Hamilton West, ON
Judy LaMarsh*   Liberal Niagara Falls, ON
Margaret Macdonald*   Progressive Conservative Kings, PE
Jean Wadds*   Progressive Conservative Grenville—Dundas, ON
25th Parliament of Canada
2.3% women MPs
Ellen Fairclough   Progressive Conservative Hamilton West, ON
Isabel Hardie   Liberal Northwest Territories, NT
Judy LaMarsh   Liberal Niagara Falls, ON
Margaret Macdonald   Progressive Conservative Kings, PE
Jean Wadds   Progressive Conservative Grenville—Dundas, ON
26th Parliament of Canada
2.3% women MPs
Pauline Jewett   Liberal Northumberland, ON
Eloise Jones*   Progressive Conservative Saskatoon, SK
Margaret Konantz   Liberal Winnipeg South, MB
Judy LaMarsh   Liberal Niagara Falls, ON
Margaret Rideout*   Liberal Westmorland, NB
Jean Wadds   Progressive Conservative Grenville—Dundas, ON
27th Parliament of Canada
1.5% women MPs
Judy LaMarsh   Liberal Niagara Falls, ON
Grace MacInnis   New Democrat Vancouver Kingsway, BC
Margaret Rideout   Liberal Westmorland, NB
Jean Wadds   Progressive Conservative Grenville—Dundas, ON
28th Parliament of Canada
0.4% women MPs
Grace MacInnis   New Democrat Vancouver Kingsway, BC
29th Parliament of Canada
1.9% women MPs
Monique Bégin   Liberal Saint-Michel, QC
Flora MacDonald   Progressive Conservative Kingston and the Islands, ON
Grace MacInnis   New Democrat Vancouver Kingsway, BC
Albanie Morin   Liberal Louis-Hébert, QC
Jeanne Sauvé   Liberal Ahuntsic, QC
30th Parliament of Canada
3.8% women MPs
Ursula Appolloni   Liberal York South, ON
Monique Bégin   Liberal Saint-Michel, QC
Iona Campagnolo   Liberal Skeena, BC
Coline Campbell   Liberal South Western Nova, NS
Simma Holt   Liberal Vancouver Kingsway, BC
Flora MacDonald   Progressive Conservative Kingston and the Islands, ON
Albanie Morin   Liberal Louis-Hébert, QC
Aideen Nicholson   Liberal Trinity, ON
Jean Piggott*   Progressive Conservative Ottawa—Carleton, ON
Jeanne Sauvé   Liberal Ahuntsic, QC
31st Parliament of Canada
3.5% women MPs
Ursula Appolloni   Liberal York South—Weston, ON
Monique Bégin   Liberal Saint-Léonard—Anjou, QC
Céline Hervieux-Payette   Liberal Mercier, QC
Pauline Jewett   NDP New Westminster—Coquitlam, BC
Marie Thérèse Killens   Liberal Saint-Michel, QC
Flora MacDonald   Progressive Conservative Kingston and the Islands, ON
Margaret Mitchell   NDP Vancouver East, BC
Aideen Nicholson   Liberal Trinity, ON
Jeanne Sauvé   Liberal Laval-des-Rapides, QC
Diane Stratas   Progressive Conservative Scarborough Centre, ON
32nd Parliament of Canada
5.6% women MPs
Ursula Appolloni   Liberal York South-Weston, ON
Suzanne Beauchamp-Niquet   Liberal Roberval, QC
Monique Bégin   Liberal Saint-Michel, QC
Coline Campbell   Liberal South West Nova, NS
Pat Carney   Progressive Conservative Vancouver Centre, BC
Eva Côté   Liberal Rimouski, QC
Judy Erola   Liberal Nickel Belt, ON
Céline Hervieux-Payette   Liberal Mercier, QC
Pauline Jewett   NDP New Westminster—Coquitlam, BC
Marie Thérèse Killens   Liberal Saint-Michel, QC
Flora MacDonald   Progressive Conservative Kingston and the Islands, ON
Lynn McDonald*   NDP Broadview—Greenwood, ON
Margaret Mitchell   NDP Vancouver East, BC
Aideen Nicholson   Liberal Trinity, ON
Jeanne Sauvé   Liberal Ahuntsic, QC

* By by-election.

Senators[edit]

Senator Parliaments Appointed on the advice of Term Designation Party
Margaret Jean Anderson 30th–34th Trudeau, P. 1978.03.23 - 1990.08.07 Northumberland-Miramichi, NB   Liberal
Ann Bell 28th–34th Trudeau, P. 1970.10.07 - 1989.11.29 Nanaimo-Malaspina, BC   Liberal
Martha Bielish 31st–34th Clark 1979.09.27 - 1990.09.26 Lakeland, AB   Progressive Conservative
Florence Bayard Bird 30th–32nd Trudeau, P. 1978.03.23 - 1983.01.15 Carleton, ON   Liberal
Thérèse Casgrain 28th Trudeau, P. 1970.10.07 - 1971.07.10 Mille Isles, QC   Independent
Anne Cools 32nd– Trudeau, P. 1984.01.13 - Toronto Centre-York, ON   Liberal (until 2004)
Joyce Fairbairn 32nd–34th Trudeau, P. 1984.06.29 - 2013.01.18 Lethbridge, AB   Liberal
Iva Campbell Fallis 17th–22nd Bennett 1935.07.20 - 1956.03.07 Peterborough, ON   Conservative
Muriel McQueen Fergusson 21st–29th St. Laurent 1953.05.19 - 1975.05.23 Fredericton, NB   Liberal
Nancy Hodges 22nd–26th St. Laurent 1953.11.05 - 1965.06.12 Victoria, BC   Liberal
Florence Elsie Inman 22nd–33rd St. Laurent 1955.07.28 - 1986.05.31 Murray Harbour, PE   Liberal
Olive Lillian Irvine 24th–28th Diefenbaker 1960.01.14 - 1969.11.01 Lisgar, MB   Progressive Conservative
Marianna Beauchamp Jodoin 21st–27th St. Laurent 1953.05.19 - 1975.05.23 Saurel, QC   Liberal
Mary Elizabeth Kinnear 27th–29th Pearson 1967.04.06 - 1973.04.03 Welland, ON   Liberal
Renaude Lapointe 28th–33rd Trudeau, P. 1971.11.10 - 1987.01.03 Mille Isles, QC   Liberal
Lorna Marsden 32nd–34th Trudeau, P. 1984.01.24 - 1992.08.31 Toronto Centre-York, Ontario   Liberal
Joan Neiman 28th–36th Trudeau, P. 1972.09.01 - 1995.09.09 Peel, ON   Liberal
Margaret Norrie 28th–32nd Trudeau, P. 1972.04.27 - 1980.10.16 Colchester-Cumberland, NS   Liberal
Josie Alice Quart 24th–28th Diefenbaker 1960.01.14 - 1969.11.01 Victoria, QC   Progressive Conservative
Yvette Boucher Rousseau 30th–33rd Trudeau, P. 1979.03.27 - 1988.03.17 De Salaberry, QC   Liberal
Cairine Wilson 16th–24th King 1930.02.15 - 1962.03.03 Rockcliffe, ON   Liberal
Dalia Wood 30th–36th Trudeau, P. 1979.03.26 - 1999.01.31 Montarville, QC   Liberal

See also[edit]

External links[edit]