Women in the 41st Canadian Parliament

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The 41st Canadian Parliament includes a record number of female Members of Parliament, with 76 women elected to the House of Commons of Canada in the 2011 election.[1] This represents a gain of seven seats over the previous record of 69 women in the 40th Canadian Parliament. By contrast, the 112th United States Congress had 72 women sitting in the 435-seat United States House of Representatives, and the 113th United States Congress has 81.

Of those 76 women, 38 were elected for the first time in the 2011 election. This included former PSAC president Nycole Turmel, who was the first woman to hold the position. She later accepted the role of interim leader of the NDP with the unanimous support of caucus, after Jack Layton took a temporary leave of absence to fight a second bout of cancer. Layton died on August 22, 2011, at which time Turmel formally assumed the title of Leader of the Opposition. She held the post until the election of Thomas Mulcair as leader of the NDP, and was the second woman to serve as Leader of the Opposition (the first was Deborah Grey).

The Green Party's Elizabeth May was the first woman leader of a political party to be elected to the House of Commons since former NDP leader Alexa McDonough. As they hold only two seats, the Greens are not recognized as having official party status in the House of Commons.

As well as a record number of women overall, the 41st Parliament will also contain a record number of younger women, with 18 women MPs who were under the age of 40 on election day, compared to just five in the previous Parliament.[2]

The longest-serving women in the 41st Parliament are Hedy Fry and Diane Ablonczy, who were first elected in the 1993 election.

Three women who were elected in the 2011 election have since resigned their seats and four women have been elected in by-elections. As of November 17, 2014, there are 77 women currently serving in the House of Commons, and 258 women have served overall in the body's history.

Party standings[edit]

Party Total women candidates % women candidates of total candidates Total women elected % women elected of total women candidates % women elected of total elected
New Democrats 124 (of 308) 40.3% 40 (of 103) 32.3% 38.8%
Conservative 68 (of 307) 22.1% 28 (of 166) 41.2% 16.9%
Liberal 90 (of 308) 29.2% 7 (of 34) 6.7% 20.6%
Green 99 (of 304) 32.6% 1 (of 1) 1.0% 100.0%
Bloc Québécois 24 (of 75) 32.0% 1 (of 4) 4.2% 25.0%
Table source:[3]

Members[edit]

† denotes women who were newly elected in the 2011 election and are serving their first term in office. †† denotes women who were not members of the 40th Parliament, but previously served in another parliament.

Name Party Electoral district Notes
  Diane Ablonczy Conservative Calgary—Nose Hill
     Eve Adams Liberal Mississauga—Brampton South Crossed the floor to the Liberal Party from Conservative Party on February 9, 2015.
  Leona Aglukkaq Conservative Nunavut
  Stella Ambler Conservative Mississauga South
  Rona Ambrose Conservative Edmonton—Spruce Grove
     Niki Ashton New Democrat Churchill
     Paulina Ayala New Democrat Honoré-Mercier
  Joyce Bateman Conservative Winnipeg South Centre
     Carolyn Bennett Liberal St. Paul's
  Candice Bergen Conservative Portage—Lisgar
     Lysane Blanchette-Lamothe New Democrat Pierrefonds—Dollard
  Kelly Block Conservative Saskatoon—Rosetown—Biggar
     Françoise Boivin†† New Democrat Gatineau
     Charmaine Borg New Democrat Terrebonne—Blainville
     Marjolaine Boutin-Sweet New Democrat Hochelaga
     Ruth Ellen Brosseau New Democrat Berthier—Maskinongé
  Lois Brown Conservative Newmarket—Aurora
     Chris Charlton New Democrat Hamilton Mountain
     Olivia Chow New Democrat Trinity—Spadina Resigned from the House of Commons on March 12, 2014.
  Joan Crockatt Conservative Calgary Centre Elected in a by-election on November 26, 2012.
     Jean Crowder New Democrat Nanaimo—Cowichan
  Pat Davidson Conservative Sarnia—Lambton
     Libby Davies New Democrat Vancouver East
     Anne-Marie Day New Democrat Charlesbourg—Haute-Saint-Charles
     Rosane Doré Lefebvre New Democrat Alfred-Pellan
     Kirsty Duncan Liberal Etobicoke North
     Linda Duncan New Democrat Edmonton—Strathcona
  Kerry-Lynne Findlay Conservative Delta—Richmond East
  Diane Finley Conservative Haldimand—Norfolk
     Judy Foote Liberal Random—Burin—St. George's
     Chrystia Freeland Liberal Toronto Centre Elected in a by-election on November 25, 2013.
     Mylène Freeman New Democratic Party Argenteuil—Papineau—Mirabel
     Hedy Fry Liberal Vancouver Centre
  Cheryl Gallant Conservative Renfrew—Nipissing—Pembroke
  Shelly Glover Conservative Saint Boniface
  Nina Grewal Conservative Fleetwood—Port Kells
     Sadia Groguhé New Democrat Saint-Lambert
     Sana Hassainia New Democrat Verchères—Les Patriotes
     Carol Hughes New Democrat Algoma—Manitoulin—Kapuskasing
  Roxanne James Conservative Scarborough Centre
     Yvonne Jones Liberal Labrador Elected in a by-election on May 13, 2013.
     Alexandrine Latendresse New Democrat Louis-Saint-Laurent
     Hélène Laverdière New Democrat Laurier—Sainte-Marie
     Hélène LeBlanc New Democrat LaSalle—Émard
  Kellie Leitch Conservative Simcoe—Grey
     Megan Leslie New Democrat Halifax
     Laurin Liu New Democrat Rivière-des-Mille-Îles
     Irene Mathyssen New Democrat London—Fanshawe
  Elizabeth May Green Saanich—Gulf Islands Leader of the Green Party.
  Cathy McLeod Conservative Kamloops—Thompson—Cariboo
     Élaine Michaud New Democrat Portneuf—Jacques-Cartier
     Christine Moore New Democrat Abitibi—Témiscamingue
     Isabelle Morin New Democrat Notre-Dame-de-Grâce—Lachine
     Marie-Claude Morin New Democrat Saint-Hyacinthe—Bagot
  Maria Mourani Bloc Québécois Ahuntsic
     Joyce Murray Liberal Vancouver Quadra
     Peggy Nash†† New Democrat Parkdale—High Park
  Bev Oda Conservative Durham Resigned from the House of Commons on July 31, 2012.
  Tilly O'Neill-Gordon Conservative Miramichi
     Annick Papillon New Democrat Québec
     Ève Péclet New Democrat La Pointe-de-l'Île
  Pat Perkins Conservative Whitby—Oshawa Elected in a by-election on November 17, 2014.
     Manon Perreault New Democrat Montcalm
     Anne Minh-Thu Quach New Democrat Beauharnois—Salaberry
  Lisa Raitt Conservative Halton
     Francine Raynault New Democrat Joliette
  Michelle Rempel Conservative Calgary Centre-North
     Lise St-Denis New Democrat Saint-Maurice—Champlain
     Denise Savoie New Democrat Victoria Resigned from the House of Commons on August 31, 2012.
     Djaouida Sellah New Democrat Saint-Bruno—Saint-Hubert
     Jinny Sims New Democrat Newton—North Delta
     Judy Sgro Liberal York West
  Gail Shea Conservative Egmont
     Rathika Sitsabaiesan New Democrat Scarborough—Rouge River
  Joy Smith Conservative Kildonan—St. Paul
  Susan Truppe Conservative London North Centre
     Nycole Turmel New Democrat Hull—Aylmer Interim Leader of the Official Opposition from August 23, 2011 to March 23, 2012.
  Alice Wong Conservative Richmond
  Lynne Yelich Conservative Blackstrap
  Wai Young Conservative Vancouver South

References[edit]

  1. ^ "Record number of women elected". CBC News, May 3, 2011.
  2. ^ "Parliament gets a makeover: An influx of young women could help change Canadian politics for good". Ottawa Citizen, May 6, 2011.
  3. ^ Parliament of Canada: Women Candidates in General Elections