The history, characteristic, evolution, and genealogies of present-day women in the Czech Republic can be traced back from many centuries before the establishment of the country now known as the Czech Republic. They have originated from ancestral Slavic settlers who had an economy that was based primarily on agriculture. After the period in the history of the Czech Republic known as the Velvet Revolution, many women have become individuals with full-time jobs and who, at the same time, are also focusing on their responsibilities as homemakers, giving themselves "a high sense of personal efficacy and independence" within Czech society.
The maternal mortality rate in Czech Republic is 5 deaths/100,000 live births (as of 2010). The HIV/AIDS rate is 0.05% of adults (aged 15–49) - estimates of 2013. The total fertility rate (TFR) is 1.43 children born/woman (2014 estimates), one of the lowest in the world. As in many other European countries, family formation has become more liberal, unmarried cohabitation has increased and the connection between fertility and marriage has decreased in the past decades; as of 2014, 46.7% of births were to unmarried women.
^Ferber, Marianne A. and Phyllis Hutton Raabe. "Women in the Czech Republic: Feminism, Czech Style". International Journal of Politics, Culture, and Society Vol. 16, No. 3, Toward Gender Equity: Policies and Strategies (Spring, 2003), pp. 407-430. JSTOR, Springer. Retrieved 6 November 2013.