Women in the United States Coast Guard
World War I
World War II
On November 23, 1942, the Coast Guard Women's Reserve, nicknamed SPARS or SPARs, was created with the signing of Public Law 773 by President Franklin Delano Roosevelt. Dorothy Stratton transferred from the Navy WAVES to serve as the Reserve's director. Dorothy Tuttle was the first woman to enlist in the Coast Guard Women's Reserve, and in all 11,868 enlisted women and 978 female officers served in it during World War II. After the war, the Coast Guard Women's Reserve was ended in 1947 but recreated in a smaller form in 1949.
Korean War era
Women in the Coast Guard since 1972
Frontiero v. Richardson, 411 U.S. 677 (1973), was a landmark Supreme Court case which decided that benefits given by the military to the family of service members cannot be given out differently because of sex.[note 1]
In 1974 the Coast Guard Women's Reserve was ended and women became part of the regular Coast Guard.
In 1977 the first Coast Guard women were assigned to sea duty as crew members aboard Morgenthau and Gallatin.
In 1978 the Coast Guard opened all assignments to women.
In 1979 LTJG Beverly G. Kelley became the first female commanding officer afloat in U.S. history when she took command of USCGC Cape Newagen.
In 1993 Patricia A. Stolle became the first woman in the Coast Guard to advance to Master Chief Petty Officer.
In 2011 Sandra Stosz was chosen by the Commandant of the United States Coast Guard, ADM Robert J. Papp to become the superintendent of the Coast Guard Academy. As such, she was the first woman to lead a United States military service academy.
- Technically, the case was decided under the Fifth Amendment's Due Process Clause, not under the Equal Protection Clause of the Fourteenth Amendment, since the latter applies not to the federal government but to the states. However, because Bolling v. Sharpe, through the doctrine of reverse incorporation, made the standards of the Equal Protection Clause applicable to the federal government, it was for practical purposes an addition not to due process, but rather to equal protection jurisprudence.
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- Paul M. Edwards (1 January 2006). The Korean War. Greenwood Publishing Group. pp. 53–. ISBN 978-0-313-33248-7.
- A History of Women in the Coast Guard, by Dr. John A. Tilley
- "Frontiero v. Richardson | The Oyez Project at IIT Chicago-Kent College of Law". Oyez.org. Retrieved 2015-08-09.
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- Media related to Women in the United States Coast Guard at Wikimedia Commons