Wonjong of Goryeo

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Wonjong of Goryeo
고려 원종
King of Goryeo
(1st reign)
Reign 1260 – 1269
Predecessor Gojong of Goryeo
Successor Yeongjong of Goryeo
King of Goryeo
(2nd reign)
Reign 1269 – 1274
Predecessor Yeongjong of Goryeo
Successor Chungnyeol of Goryeo
Born 5 April 1219
Kingdom of Goryeo
Died 23 July 1274 (1274-07-24) (aged 55)
Kingdom of Goryeo
Consort Queen Jeongsun
Issue Chungnyeol of Goryeo
House House of Wang
Father Gojong of Goryeo
Mother Queen Anhye
Religion Buddhism
Wonjong of Goryeo
Hangul 원종
Hanja 元宗
Revised Romanization Wonjong
McCune–Reischauer Wŏnjong
Courtesy name
Hangul 일신
Hanja 日新
Revised Romanization Ilsin
McCune–Reischauer Ilsin

Wonjong of Goryeo (5 April 1219 – 23 July 1274) was the 24th ruler of the Goryeo dynasty of Korea from 1260 to 1274.

Biography[edit]

He ascended the throne with the help of Kublai Khan. During his reign, Goryeo became a vassal of the Mongol-founded Yuan dynasty in China.

He was also the last Goryeo ruler to use the title "temple name" before restoration of the title in the Joseon dynasty period, as the Goryeo rulers henceforth used the title "chung" (loyalty), following the demands of Kublai Khan.

In 1269, the military leader Im Yon engineered a coup d'état to remove Wonjong. Kublai Khan dispatched 3,000 troops to oust the forces of the rebel. Wonjong visited the imperial court in 1271 after his re-accession.

Wonjong was the eldest son of the previous king, Gojong.

Family[edit]

  • Father : King Gojong of Goryeo (3 February 1192 - 21 July 1259) (고려 고종)
    • Grandfather : King Gangjong of Goryeo (10 May 1152 – 26 August 1213) (고려 강종)
    • Grandmother : Queen Wondeok of the Kaesong Wang clan (1167 - 1239) (원덕왕후 왕씨)
  • Mother : Queen Anhye of the Kaesong Wang clan (? - 1 June 1232) (안혜왕후 왕씨)
    • Grandfather : King Huijong of Goryeo (21 June 1181 - 31 August 1237) (고려 희종)
    • Grandmother : Queen Seongpyeong of the Kaesong Wang clan (? - 1247) (성평왕후 왕씨)

Consorts :

  1. Queen Jeongsun of the Gyeongju Kim clan (1222 - 29 July 1237) (정순왕후 김씨)
    1. King Chungryeol of Goryeo (3 April 1236 – 30 July 1308) (고려 충렬왕)
  2. Princess Gyeongchang of the Kaesong Wang clan (경창궁주 왕씨)
    1. Wang Yi, Prince Siyang (? - 22 January 1266) (왕이 시양후)
    2. Wang Jong, Prince Sunan (왕종 순안공)
    3. Princess Gyeongan (경안궁주)
    4. Princess Hamnyeong (함녕궁주)
Monarchs of Korea
Goryeo
  1. Taejo 918–943
  2. Hyejong 943–945
  3. Jeongjong 945–949
  4. Gwangjong 949–975
  5. Gyeongjong 975–981
  6. Seongjong 981–997
  7. Mokjong 997–1009
  8. Hyeonjong 1009–1031
  9. Deokjong 1031–1034
  10. Jeongjong II 1034–1046
  11. Munjong 1046–1083
  12. Sunjong 1083
  13. Seonjong 1083–1094
  14. Heonjong 1094–1095
  15. Sukjong 1095–1105
  16. Yejong 1105–1122
  17. Injong 1122–1146
  18. Uijong 1146–1170
  19. Myeongjong 1170–1197
  20. Sinjong 1197–1204
  21. Huijong 1204–1211
  22. Gangjong 1211–1213
  23. Gojong 1213–1259
  24. Wonjong 1259–1269
  25. Yeongjong1269
  26. Wonjong 1269–1274
  27. Chungnyeol 1274–1308
  28. Chungseon 1308–1313
  29. Chungsuk 1313–1330
    1332–1339
  30. Chunghye 1330–1332
    1339–1344
  31. Chungmok 1344–1348
  32. Chungjeong 1348–1351
  33. Gongmin 1351–1374
  34. U 1374–1388
  35. Chang 1388–1389
  36. Gongyang 1389–1392

See also[edit]

References[edit]

Wonjong of Goryeo
Born: 5 April 1219 Died: 23 July 1274
Regnal titles
Preceded by
Gojong
King of Goryeo
1260–1269
Succeeded by
Yeongjong
Preceded by
Yeongjong
King of Goryeo
1269–1274
Succeeded by
Chungnyeol