Wonju

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Wonju
원주시
Korean transcription(s)
 • Hangul원주시
 • Hanja原州市
 • Revised RomanizationWonju-si
 • McCune-ReischauerWŏnju-si
Wonju.Gangwon.KOREA.jpg
Flag of Wonju
Official logo of Wonju
Location in South Korea
Location in South Korea
Coordinates: 37°20′30″N 127°55′15″E / 37.34167°N 127.92083°E / 37.34167; 127.92083Coordinates: 37°20′30″N 127°55′15″E / 37.34167°N 127.92083°E / 37.34167; 127.92083
Country South Korea
RegionGwandong
Administrative divisions1 eup, 8 myeon, 16 dong
Area
 • Total867.63 km2 (334.99 sq mi)
Population
 (2015)
 • Total332,849
 • Density317/km2 (820/sq mi)
 • Dialect
Gangwon
Area code(s)+82-33-7xx
ISO 3166 codeKR-42

Wonju[a] (Korean pronunciation: [wʌn.dzu]) is the most populous city in Gangwon province, South Korea. The city is located approximately 140 kilometres (87 mi) east of Seoul. Wonju was the site of three crucial battles during the Korean War.

Administrative divisions[edit]

Wonju City is divided into 1 eup (town), 8 myeon (townships), and 16 dong (neighborhoods).[2]

Name Hangul Hanja Population Area (㎢)
Munmak-eup 문막읍 文幕邑 17,659 104.34
Socho-myeon 소초면 所草面 8,468 103.08
Hojeo-myeon 호저면 好楮面 3,687 76.97
Jijeong-myeon 지정면 地正面 28,438 89.70
Buron-myeon 부론면 富論面 2,261 82.67
Gwirea-myeon 귀래면 貴來面 2,177 76.55
Heungeop-myeon 흥업면 興業面 8,627 59.59
Panbu-myeon 판부면 板富面 7,269 67.72
Sillim-myeon 신림면 神林面 3,538 127.41
Jungang-dong 중앙동 中央洞 2,663 1.90
Wonin-dong 원인동 園仁洞 5,059 0.48
Gaeun-dong 개운동 開運洞 12,738 1.05
Myeongnyun il-dong 명륜1동 明倫洞 8,525 0.92
Myeongnyun i-dong 명륜2동 15,515 0.94
Dangu-dong 단구동 丹邱洞 44,364 3.91
Ilsan-dong 일산동 一山洞 8,583 0.80
Hakseong-dong 학성동 鶴城洞 4,713 0.73
Dangye-dong 단계동 丹溪洞 28,990 4.16
Usan-dong 우산동 牛山洞 13,507 7.40
Taejang il-dong 태장1동 台壯洞 10,067 3.04
Taejang i-dong 태장2동 24,736 8.94
Bongsan-dong 봉산동 鳳山洞 8,059 7.26
Haenggu-dong 행구동 杏邱洞 7,786 13.44
Musil-dong 무실동 茂實洞 32,906 8.59
BangokGwanseol-dong 반곡관설동 盤谷觀雪洞 44,433 21.00
Total 354,768 872.56

Transportation[edit]

Education[edit]

There is one international school: Wonju Chinese Primary School (traditional Chinese: 原州華僑小學校; ; Korean: 원주화교소학교).[10]

Culture and festivals[edit]

Museums[edit]

  • Mureung Museum
  • Yonsei University Wonju Museum
  • Museum yetchaek towns
  • Wonju City Museum
  • Chiak Folk Museum
  • Myeongjusa Chiaksan and Engraving Museum
  • Toji Literature park
  • Toji Cultural Center
  • Hanji museum
  • On Museum of the Arts
  • Museum San

Climate[edit]

The climate of Wonju is a Hot summer monsoon-influence Humid continental climate, (Köppen: Dwa)[11]

Climate data for Wonju (1981–2010, extremes 1971–present)
Month Jan Feb Mar Apr May Jun Jul Aug Sep Oct Nov Dec Year
Record high °C (°F) 13.9
(57.0)
21.1
(70.0)
24.5
(76.1)
33.2
(91.8)
34.1
(93.4)
35.3
(95.5)
38.0
(100.4)
38.8
(101.8)
34.2
(93.6)
28.5
(83.3)
25.5
(77.9)
16.5
(61.7)
38.8
(101.8)
Average high °C (°F) 1.7
(35.1)
5.0
(41.0)
11.1
(52.0)
19.0
(66.2)
23.9
(75.0)
27.6
(81.7)
29.3
(84.7)
30.0
(86.0)
25.7
(78.3)
19.8
(67.6)
11.5
(52.7)
4.4
(39.9)
17.4
(63.3)
Daily mean °C (°F) −4.3
(24.3)
−1.2
(29.8)
4.7
(40.5)
11.8
(53.2)
17.3
(63.1)
21.8
(71.2)
24.6
(76.3)
24.8
(76.6)
19.5
(67.1)
12.6
(54.7)
5.2
(41.4)
−1.4
(29.5)
11.3
(52.3)
Average low °C (°F) −9.5
(14.9)
−6.6
(20.1)
−1.1
(30.0)
4.8
(40.6)
11.1
(52.0)
16.5
(61.7)
20.8
(69.4)
20.9
(69.6)
14.7
(58.5)
6.9
(44.4)
0.0
(32.0)
−6.2
(20.8)
6.0
(42.8)
Record low °C (°F) −27.6
(−17.7)
−23.7
(−10.7)
−13.8
(7.2)
−6.7
(19.9)
0.9
(33.6)
5.5
(41.9)
11.5
(52.7)
9.8
(49.6)
2.0
(35.6)
−6.9
(19.6)
−15.1
(4.8)
−26.8
(−16.2)
−27.6
(−17.7)
Average precipitation mm (inches) 22.0
(0.87)
26.3
(1.04)
51.6
(2.03)
66.7
(2.63)
93.5
(3.68)
140.1
(5.52)
362.2
(14.26)
290.1
(11.42)
173.4
(6.83)
50.1
(1.97)
43.5
(1.71)
24.1
(0.95)
1,343.6
(52.90)
Average precipitation days (≥ 0.1 mm) 7.4 7.0 9.2 8.1 8.9 10.4 16.6 14.8 9.0 6.1 8.1 8.0 113.6
Average snowy days 8.2 6.6 3.9 0.2 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.1 2.0 6.2 27.1
Average relative humidity (%) 66.9 64.2 61.6 58.4 64.1 70.3 78.5 78.1 76.0 73.2 70.9 69.2 69.3
Mean monthly sunshine hours 162.4 165.1 189.3 213.0 221.0 194.1 146.8 169.4 174.7 186.9 149.0 153.0 2,124.6
Percent possible sunshine 52.8 54.1 51.1 54.0 50.3 44.1 32.8 40.2 46.8 53.6 48.7 51.2 47.7
Source: Korea Meteorological Administration[12][13][14] (percent sunshine and snowy days)[15]

Sports[edit]

Wonju is home city of the Wonju DB Promy, playing in the Korean Basketball League. Their home arena is Wonju Gymnasium, which is located in Myeongnyun il-dong, Wonju. The team has won the Championship three times (2002–03, 2004–05, and 2007–08).[16]

Entertainment[edit]

A Rail Park has been built on the dismissed rail tracks connecting the stations of Pandae and Ganhyeon, for a total of 6.5 km (4.0 mi). The total ride journey is about 40 minutes, offering scenic views of the surrounding mountains while cycling.[17]

Wonju rail
Wonju Rail park

Sister cities[edit]

Notable people from Wonju[edit]

Notes[edit]

  1. ^ In the 19th century, Wonju was spelled Wen-tsiou.[1]

References[edit]

Citations[edit]

  1. ^ EB (1878), p. 390.
  2. ^ 인구는 2021년 5월 31일 기준, 면적은 2011년 통계연보 기준
  3. ^ "Welcome to Wonju City".
  4. ^ 강릉원주대학교. www.gwnu.ac.kr.
  5. ^ http://www.halla.ac.kr/
  6. ^ http://www.sangji.ac.kr/
  7. ^ 가비아 호스팅 서비스:웹호스팅,웹메일호스팅,쇼핑몰호스팅,단독서버,동영상호스팅. eic.yonsei.ac.kr. Archived from the original on 30 June 2014.
  8. ^ "YONSEI University". yonsei.ac.kr.
  9. ^ https://www.kduniv.ac.kr/
  10. ^ "International School Information". www.isi.go.kr.
  11. ^ https://en.climate-data.org/asia/south-korea/gangwon-do/wonju-4412/
  12. ^ 평년값자료(1981–2010), 원주(114) (in Korean). Korea Meteorological Administration. Retrieved 9 December 2016.
  13. ^ 기후자료 극값(최대값) 전체년도 일최고기온 (℃) 최고순위, 원주(114) (in Korean). Korea Meteorological Administration. Retrieved 9 December 2016.
  14. ^ 기후자료 극값(최대값) 전체년도 일최저기온 (℃) 최고순위, 원주(114) (in Korean). Korea Meteorological Administration. Retrieved 9 December 2016.
  15. ^ "Climatological Normals of Korea" (PDF). Korea Meteorological Administration. 2011. p. 499 and 649. Archived from the original (PDF) on 7 December 2016. Retrieved 9 December 2016.
  16. ^ Wonju Dongbu Promy Basketball team, Wonju Dongbu Promy Basketball team (5 May 2016). "Wonju Dongbu Promy Basketball team".
  17. ^ Nuri. "Rail Bike". www.visitkorea.com.my. Archived from the original on 13 September 2017. Retrieved 13 September 2017.

Bibliography[edit]

  • "Corea" , 'Encyclopædia Britannica, 9th ed., Vol. VI, New York: Charles Scribner's Sons, 1878, pp. 390–394.

External links[edit]