Wonju

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Wonju
원주시
Municipal City
Korean transcription(s)
 • Hangul
 • Hanja
 • Revised Romanization Wonju-si
 • McCune-Reischauer Wŏnju-si
Wonju.Gangwon.KOREA.jpg
Official logo of Wonju
Emblem of Wonju
Location in South Korea
Location in South Korea
Coordinates: 37°20′30″N 127°55′15″E / 37.34167°N 127.92083°E / 37.34167; 127.92083
Country  South Korea
Region Gwandong
Administrative divisions 1 eup, 8 myeon, 16 dong
Area
 • Total 867.63 km2 (334.99 sq mi)
Population (2010)
 • Total 310,854
 • Density 317/km2 (820/sq mi)
 • Dialect Gangwon
ISO 3166 code KR-42

Wonju[a] (Korean pronunciation: [wʌn.dʑu]) is the most populous city in Gangwon province, South Korea.

Wonju is a city approximately 140 kilometres (87 mi) east of Seoul and the capital can be reached within 1hr 20 minutes by bus or train. Wonju was the site of three crucial battles during the Korean War.

Administrative divisions[edit]

Wonju City is divided into 1 eup (town), 8 myeon (townships) and 16 dong (neighborhoods).[2]

Name Hangul Hanja Population Area (㎢)
Munmak-eup 문막읍 文幕邑 19,452 104.34
Socho-myeon 소초면 所草面 9,517 103.08
Hojeo-myeon 호저면 好楮面 4,440 76.97
Jijeong-myeon 지정면 地正面 3,013 89.70
Buron-myeon 부론면 富論面 2,481 82.67
Gwirea-myeon 귀래면 貴來面 2,052 76.55
Heungeop-myeon 흥업면 興業面 8,482 59.59
Panbu-myeon 판부면 板富面 6,677 67.72
Sillim-myeon 신림면 神林面 3,880 127.41
Jungang-dong 중앙동 中央洞 3,430 1.90
Wonin-dong 원인동 園仁洞 7,002 0.48
Gaeun-dong 개운동 開運洞 14,963 1.05
Myeongnyun il-dong 명륜1동 明倫洞 11,379 0.92
Myeongnyun i-dong 명륜2동 19,187 0.94
Dangu-dong 단구동 丹邱洞 48,570 3.91
Ilsan-dong 일산동 一山洞 8,950 0.80
Hakseong-dong 학성동 鶴城洞 6,195 0.73
Dangye-dong 단계동 丹溪洞 24,654 4.16
Usan-dong 우산동 牛山洞 11,668 7.40
Taejang il-dong 태장1동 台壯洞 11,212 3.04
Taejang i-dong 태장2동 26,646 8.94
Bongsan-dong 봉산동 鳳山洞 10,822 7.26
Haenggu-dong 행구동 杏邱洞 8,093 13.44
Musil-dong 무실동 茂實洞 28,112 8.59
BangokGwanseol-dong 반곡관설동 盤谷觀雪洞 20,321 21.00
Total 321,198 872.56

Transportation[edit]

Education[edit]

There is one international school: Wonju Chinese Primary School (原州華僑小學校/원주화교소학교).[4]

Culture & Festivals[edit]

Museums[edit]

  • Mureung Museum
  • Yonsei University Wonju Museum
  • Museum yetchaek towns
  • Wonju City Museum
  • Chiak Folk Museum
  • Myeongjusa Chiaksan and Engraving Museum
  • Toji Literature park
  • Toji Cultural Center
  • Hanji museum
  • On Museum of the Arts

Climate[edit]

Climate data for Wonju (1981–2010, extremes 1971–present)
Month Jan Feb Mar Apr May Jun Jul Aug Sep Oct Nov Dec Year
Record high °C (°F) 13.9
(57)
21.1
(70)
24.5
(76.1)
33.2
(91.8)
34.1
(93.4)
35.3
(95.5)
38.0
(100.4)
37.1
(98.8)
34.2
(93.6)
28.5
(83.3)
25.5
(77.9)
16.5
(61.7)
38.0
(100.4)
Average high °C (°F) 1.7
(35.1)
5.0
(41)
11.1
(52)
19.0
(66.2)
23.9
(75)
27.6
(81.7)
29.3
(84.7)
30.0
(86)
25.7
(78.3)
19.8
(67.6)
11.5
(52.7)
4.4
(39.9)
17.4
(63.3)
Daily mean °C (°F) −4.3
(24.3)
−1.2
(29.8)
4.7
(40.5)
11.8
(53.2)
17.3
(63.1)
21.8
(71.2)
24.6
(76.3)
24.8
(76.6)
19.5
(67.1)
12.6
(54.7)
5.2
(41.4)
−1.4
(29.5)
11.3
(52.3)
Average low °C (°F) −9.5
(14.9)
−6.6
(20.1)
−1.1
(30)
4.8
(40.6)
11.1
(52)
16.5
(61.7)
20.8
(69.4)
20.9
(69.6)
14.7
(58.5)
6.9
(44.4)
0.0
(32)
−6.2
(20.8)
6.0
(42.8)
Record low °C (°F) −27.6
(−17.7)
−23.7
(−10.7)
−13.8
(7.2)
−6.7
(19.9)
0.9
(33.6)
5.5
(41.9)
11.5
(52.7)
9.8
(49.6)
2.0
(35.6)
−6.9
(19.6)
−15.1
(4.8)
−26.8
(−16.2)
−27.6
(−17.7)
Average precipitation mm (inches) 22.0
(0.866)
26.3
(1.035)
51.6
(2.031)
66.7
(2.626)
93.5
(3.681)
140.1
(5.516)
362.2
(14.26)
290.1
(11.421)
173.4
(6.827)
50.1
(1.972)
43.5
(1.713)
24.1
(0.949)
1,343.6
(52.898)
Average precipitation days (≥ 0.1 mm) 7.4 7.0 9.2 8.1 8.9 10.4 16.6 14.8 9.0 6.1 8.1 8.0 113.6
Average snowy days 8.2 6.6 3.9 0.2 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.1 2.0 6.2 27.1
Average relative humidity (%) 66.9 64.2 61.6 58.4 64.1 70.3 78.5 78.1 76.0 73.2 70.9 69.2 69.3
Mean monthly sunshine hours 162.4 165.1 189.3 213.0 221.0 194.1 146.8 169.4 174.7 186.9 149.0 153.0 2,124.6
Percent possible sunshine 52.8 54.1 51.1 54.0 50.3 44.1 32.8 40.2 46.8 53.6 48.7 51.2 47.7
Source: Korea Meteorological Administration[5][6][7] (percent sunshine and snowy days)[8]

Sports[edit]

Wonju is home city of Dongbu Promy Basketball team (KBL). Their home stadium is Wonju Sports complex and it is located in Myeongnyun il-dong, Wonju. Wonju Dongbu Promy won the Championship threetime (2002-2003, 2004-2005, 2007-2008).[9]

Sister cities[edit]

Notes[edit]

  1. ^ In the 19th century, Wonju was spelled Wen-tsiou.[1]

References[edit]

Citations[edit]

  1. ^ EB (1878), p. 390.
  2. ^ 인구는 2012년 3월 31일 기준, 면적은 2011년 통계연보 기준
  3. ^ http://www.wonju.go.kr/site/language/eng/page/sub04_04.jsp
  4. ^ "原州華僑小學校." International School Information, Government of South Korea. Retrieved on March 30, 2016.
  5. ^ "평년값자료(1981–2010), 원주(114)" (in Korean). Korea Meteorological Administration. Retrieved 9 December 2016. 
  6. ^ "기후자료 극값(최대값) 전체년도 일최고기온 (℃) 최고순위, 원주(114)" (in Korean). Korea Meteorological Administration. Retrieved 9 December 2016. 
  7. ^ "기후자료 극값(최대값) 전체년도 일최저기온 (℃) 최고순위, 원주(114)" (in Korean). Korea Meteorological Administration. Retrieved 9 December 2016. 
  8. ^ "Climatological Normals of Korea" (PDF). Korea Meteorological Administration. 2011. p. 499 and 649. Archived from the original (PDF) on 7 December 2016. Retrieved 9 December 2016. 
  9. ^ Wonju Dongbu Promy Basketball team, Wonju Dongbu Promy Basketball team (2016-05-05). "Wonju Dongbu Promy Basketball team". 

Bibliography[edit]

External links[edit]

Coordinates: 37°20′30″N 127°55′15″E / 37.34167°N 127.92083°E / 37.34167; 127.92083