Woodbridge Township, New Jersey

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Woodbridge Township, New Jersey
Township
Township of Woodbridge
Map of Woodbridge Township in Middlesex County. Inset: Location of Middlesex County highlighted in the State of New Jersey.
Map of Woodbridge Township in Middlesex County. Inset: Location of Middlesex County highlighted in the State of New Jersey.
Census Bureau map of Woodbridge Township, New Jersey
Census Bureau map of Woodbridge Township, New Jersey
Coordinates: 40°33′39″N 74°17′33″W / 40.560751°N 74.292627°W / 40.560751; -74.292627Coordinates: 40°33′39″N 74°17′33″W / 40.560751°N 74.292627°W / 40.560751; -74.292627[1]
Country  United States
State  New Jersey
County Middlesex
Settled 1664
Chartered June 1, 1669
Incorporated February 21, 1798
Named for John W. Woodbridge
Government[5]
 • Type Faulkner Act (Mayor-Council)
 • Mayor John E. McCormac (term ends December 31, 2015)[2]
 • Administrator Robert M. Landolfi[3]
 • Clerk John M. Mitch[4]
Area[1]
 • Total 63.473 km2 (24.507 sq mi)
 • Land 60.122 km2 (23.213 sq mi)
 • Water 3.350 km2 (1.294 sq mi)  5.28%
Area rank 112th of 566 in state
5th of 25 in county[1]
Elevation[6] 18 m (59 ft)
Population (2010 Census)[7][8][9]
 • Total 99,585
 • Estimate (2014)[10] 100,824
 • Rank 6th of 566 in state
2nd of 25 in county[11]
 • Density 1,656.4/km2 (4,290.0/sq mi)
 • Density rank 138th of 566 in state
11th of 25 in county[11]
Time zone Eastern (EST) (UTC-5)
 • Summer (DST) Eastern (EDT) (UTC-4)
ZIP code 07001 - Avenel[12]
07064 - Port Reading[13]
07067 - Colonia[14]
07077 - Sewaren[15]
07095 - Woodbridge[16]
08832 - Keasbey[17]
08837 - Menlo Park Terrace[18]
08861 - Hopelawn[19]
08863 - Fords[20]
Area code 732[21]
FIPS code[1][6][22] 34-82000
GNIS ID[1][6][22] 882165
Website www.twp.woodbridge.nj.us

Woodbridge Township is a township in Middlesex County, New Jersey, United States. As of the 2010 United States Census, the township had a total population of 99,585,[7][8][9] reflecting an increase of 2,382 (+2.5%) from the 97,203 counted in the 2000 Census, which had in turn increased by 4,117 (+4.4%) from the 93,086 counted in the 1990 Census.[23] Woodbridge was the sixth-most-populous municipality in New Jersey in 2010, the same ranking it held a decade earlier.[24]

The Township of Woodbridge is the oldest original township in New Jersey and is named after Reverend John W. Woodbridge (1613–1691) of Newbury, Massachusetts, who settled in the early autumn of 1664 and was granted a royal charter on June 1, 1669, by King Charles II of England. It was reincorporated on October 31, 1693. Woodbridge Township was incorporated by an Act of the New Jersey Legislature on February 21, 1798, as part of the initial group of 104 townships incorporated in the state under the Township Act. Portions of the township were taken to form Rahway (April 19, 1858), Raritan Township (March 17, 1870, now Edison Township) and Roosevelt (April 11, 1906, now Carteret).[25]

According to Joshua Coffin, the early settlers included "Captain John Pike, the ancestor of General Zebulon Montgomery Pike, who was killed at the battle of Queenstown in 1813; Thomas Bloomfield, the ancestor of Joseph Bloomfield, some years governor of New Jersey, for whom the township of Bloomfield, New Jersey is named; John Bishop, senior and junior; Jonathan Haynes; Henry Jaques; George March; Stephen Kent; Abraham Toppan, junior; Elisha Ilsley; Hugh March; John Bloomfield; Samuel Moore; Nathaniel Webster; John Ilsley; and others."[26] Woodbridge was the site of the first gristmill in New Jersey.[27][28] The mill was built by Jonathan Singletary Dunham (married to Mary Bloomfield, relative of Joseph Bloomfield).[29][30]

Geography[edit]

According to the United States Census Bureau, the township had a total area of 24.507 square miles (63.473 km2), including 23.213 square miles (60.122 km2) of land and 1.294 square miles (3.350 km2) of water (5.28%).[1][31]

The township borders Edison, Perth Amboy and Sayreville in Middlesex County, Clark, Linden and Rahway in Union County, and the Borough of Staten Island in New York City.[32]

Area codes 732 and 848 are used in Woodbridge.[21]

Communities[edit]

Many distinct communities exist within Woodbridge Township. Several of these communities have their own ZIP codes, and many are listed by the United States Census Bureau as census designated places (CDPs), but they are all unincorporated communities and neighborhoods within the Township that, together, make up Woodbridge Township.

Avenel (with 2010 Census population of 17,011[33]), Colonia (17,795[34]), Fords (15,187[35]), Iselin (18,695[36]), Port Reading (3,728[37]), Sewaren (2,756[38]), Woodbridge Proper (19,265[39]) are census-designated places and unincorporated communities located within Woodbridge Township.[40][41]

Other unincorporated communities, localities and place names located partially or completely within the township include:[42] Boynton Beach, Demarest Hill Top, Edgars, Fairfield, Hazelton,[citation needed] Hopelawn, Keasbey, Lynn Woodoaks,[citation needed] Menlo Park Terrace,[citation needed], Ostrander, Saint Stephens, Sand Hills,[citation needed] Shore View[citation needed], Union and Woodbridge Oaks.[citation needed]

Demographics[edit]

Historical population
Census Pop.
1790 3,520
1810 4,247
1820 4,226 −0.5%
1830 3,969 −6.1%
1840 4,821 21.5%
1850 5,141 6.6%
1860 3,987 * −22.4%
1870 3,717 * −6.8%
1880 4,099 10.3%
1890 4,665 13.8%
1900 7,631 63.6%
1910 8,948 * 17.3%
1920 13,423 50.0%
1930 25,266 88.2%
1940 27,191 7.6%
1950 35,758 31.5%
1960 78,846 120.5%
1970 98,944 25.5%
1980 90,074 −9.0%
1990 93,086 3.3%
2000 97,203 4.4%
2010 99,585 2.5%
Est. 2014 100,824 [10][43] 1.2%
Population sources: 1790-1920[44]
1810-1930[45] 1840[46] 1850-1870[47]
1850[48] 1870[49] 1880-1890[50]
1890-1910[51] 1910-1930[52]
1930-1990[53] 2000[54][55] 2010[7][8][9]
* = Lost territory since previous census.

2010 Census[edit]

At the 2010 United States Census, there were 99,585 people, 34,615 households, and 25,754 families residing in the township. The population density was 4,290.0 per square mile (1,656.4/km2). There were 36,124 housing units at an average density of 1,556.2 per square mile (600.9/km2). The racial makeup of the township was 59.18% (58,935) White, 9.85% (9,810) Black or African American, 0.32% (321) Native American, 22.42% (22,324) Asian, 0.04% (39) Pacific Islander, 5.28% (5,254) from other races, and 2.91% (2,902) from two or more races. Hispanics or Latinos of any race were 15.63% (15,562) of the population.[7]

There were 34,615 households, of which 33.6% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 57.2% were married couples living together, 12.4% had a female householder with no husband present, and 25.6% were non-families. 21.4% of all households were made up of individuals, and 9.0% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.79 and the average family size was 3.27.[7]

In the township, 21.6% of the population were under the age of 18, 7.9% from 18 to 24, 29.7% from 25 to 44, 28.1% from 45 to 64, and 12.6% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 38.6 years. For every 100 females there were 98.9 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 98.0 males.[7]

The Census Bureau's 2006-2010 American Community Survey showed that (in 2010 inflation-adjusted dollars) median household income was $79,277 (with a margin of error of +/- $2,537) and the median family income was $88,656 (+/- $2,537). Males had a median income of $60,139 (+/- $1,971) versus $46,078 (+/- $1,635) for females. The per capita income for the township was $32,144 (+/- $717). About 3.8% of families and 5.0% of the population were below the poverty line, including 6.9% of those under age 18 and 6.6% of those age 65 or over.[56]

2000 Census[edit]

As of the 2000 United States Census[57] there were 97,203 people, 34,562 households, and 25,437 families residing in the township. The population density was 4,224.5 people per square mile (1,631.0/km2). There were 35,298 housing units at an average density of 1,534.1/sq mi (592.3/km2). The racial makeup of the township was 70.83% White, 8.75% African American, 0.17% Native American, 14.46% Asian, 0.02% Pacific Islander, 3.30% from other races, and 2.46% from two or more races. Hispanic or Latino of any race were 9.21% of the population.[54][55]

As of the 2000 Census, 9.19% of Woodbridge Township's residents identified themselves as being of Indian American ancestry, which was the tenth-highest of any municipality in the United States and the fifth highest in New Jersey — behind Edison (17.75%), Plainsboro Township (16.97%), Piscataway Township (12.49%) and South Brunswick Township (10.48%) — of all places with 1,000 or more residents identifying their ancestry.[58]

There were 34,562 households out of which 33.0% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 58.1% were married couples living together, 11.4% had a female householder with no husband present, and 26.4% were non-families. 21.7% of all households were made up of individuals and 9.0% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.71 and the average family size was 3.19.[54][55]

In the township the population was spread out with 22.4% under the age of 18, 7.1% from 18 to 24, 34.8% from 25 to 44, 22.3% from 45 to 64, and 13.4% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 37 years. For every 100 females there were 100.2 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 99.0 males.[54][55]

The median income for a household in the township was $60,683, and the median income for a family was $68,492. Males had a median income of $49,248 versus $35,096 for females. The per capita income for the township was $25,087. About 3.2% of families and 4.8% of the population were below the poverty line, including 4.7% of those under age 18 and 5.3% of those age 65 or over.[54][55]

Economy[edit]

Woodbridge Center, with a gross leasable area of 1,633,000 square feet (151,700 m2),[59] is the third-biggest mall in New Jersey, behind Westfield Garden State Plaza and Freehold Raceway Mall.[60]

Wakefern Food Corporation, owner of ShopRite, has its headquarters in Keasbey in the township.[61][62]

Parks and recreation[edit]

Woodbridge Community Center is a YMCA approved Community Center that has a gym, a pool, community rooms, a playground, and also has "The Arenas", which have a roller skating rink with arcade and an ice skating rink, home to the Special Hockey International Team, the Woodbridge Warriors (formerly the Wolfpack). The Warriors have their practices and home games at the ice rink and also host the annual ASHA (American Special Hockey Association) Special Needs Hockey Day Camp in the summer for all SHI teams.[63]

Government[edit]

Local government[edit]

Woodbridge is governed within the Faulkner Act, formally known as the Optional Municipal Charter law, under the Faulkner Act (Mayor-Council) system of municipal government, with a directly elected mayor and a nine-member Township Council, all elected to staggered four-year terms of office on a partisan basis as part of the November general election. The Council consists of four members elected at-large and five members elected from each of the township's five wards. The at-large and mayoral seats come up together for vote followed two years later by the five ward seats.[5] The Township Council is the legislative body of Woodbridge Township.

The Mayor of Woodbridge Township is Democrat John McCormac, whose term of office ends December 31, 2015.[64] McCormac was first elected on November 7, 2006 and sworn in on November 14, 2006.[65] McCormac replaced Frank G. Pelzman, who became mayor on January 17, 2002 when former Mayor James E. McGreevey resigned to become governor.[66] Mayor is a member of the Mayors Against Illegal Guns Coalition,[67] a bi-partisan group with a stated goal of "making the public safer by getting illegal guns off the streets." The Coalition is co-chaired by Boston Mayor Thomas Menino and New York City Mayor Michael Bloomberg.

As of 2015, members of the Township Council are Council President Kyle Anderson (D, 2015; at-large), Council Vice President Michele Charmello (D, 2017; Third Ward), James V. Carroll (D, 2015; at-large), Richard A. Dalina (D, 2017; Second Ward), Gregg M. Ficarra (D, 2015; at-large), Nancy Drumm (D, 2017; First Ward), James Major (D, 2017; Fourth Ward), Debbie Meehan (D, 2017; Fifth Ward) and Brenda Yori Velasco (D, 2015; at-large).[68][69][70][71][72]

Federal, state and county representation[edit]

Woodbridge Township is located in the 6th Congressional District[73] and is part of New Jersey's 19th state legislative district.[8][74][75] Prior to the 2010 Census, Woodbridge Township had been split between the 7th Congressional District and the 13th Congressional District, a change made by the New Jersey Redistricting Commission that took effect in January 2013, based on the results of the November 2012 general elections.[76]

New Jersey's Sixth Congressional District is represented by Frank Pallone (D, Long Branch).[77] New Jersey is represented in the United States Senate by Cory Booker (D, Newark, term ends 2021)[78] and Bob Menendez (D, Paramus, 2019).[79][80]

For the 2014-2015 Session, the 19th District of the New Jersey Legislature is represented in the State Senate by Joseph Vitale (D, Woodbridge Township) and in the General Assembly by Craig Coughlin (D, Woodbridge Township) and John Wisniewski (D, Sayreville).[81][82] The Governor of New Jersey is Chris Christie (R, Mendham Township).[83] The Lieutenant Governor of New Jersey is Kim Guadagno (R, Monmouth Beach).[84]

Middlesex County is governed by a Board of Chosen Freeholders, whose seven members are elected at-large on a partisan basis to serve three-year terms of office on a staggered basis, with either two or three seats coming up for election each year as part of the November general election. At an annual reorganization meeting held in January, the board selects from among its members a Freeholder Director and Deputy Director. As of 2015, Middlesex County's Freeholders (with party affiliation, term-end year, residence and committee chairmanship listed in parentheses) are Freeholder Director Ronald G. Rios (D, term ends December 31, 2015, Carteret; Ex-officio on all committees),[85] Freeholder Deputy Director Carol Barrett Bellante (D, 2017; Monmouth Junction, South Brunswick Township; County Administration),[86] Kenneth Armwood (D, 2016, Piscataway; Business Development and Education),[87] Charles Kenny ( D, 2016, Woodbridge Township; Finance),[88] H. James Polos (D, 2015, Highland Park; Public Safety and Health),[89] Charles E. Tomaro (D, 2017, Edison; Infrastructure Management)[90] and Blanquita B. Valenti (D, 2016, New Brunswick; Community Services).[91][92] Constitutional officers are County Clerk Elaine M. Flynn (D, Old Bridge Township),[93] Sheriff Mildred S. Scott (D, 2016, Piscataway)[94] and Surrogate Kevin J. Hoagland (D, 2017; New Brunswick).[92][95]

Politics[edit]

As of March 23, 2011, there were a total of 54,674 registered voters in Woodbridge Township, of which 20,900 (38.2%) were registered as Democrats, 6,135 (11.2%) were registered as Republicans and 27,611 (50.5%) were registered as Unaffiliated. There were 28 voters registered to other parties.[96]

In the 2012 presidential election, Democrat Barack Obama received 62.2% of the vote (22,386 cast), ahead of Republican Mitt Romney with 36.7% (13,200 votes), and other candidates with 1.1% (386 votes), among the 36,301 ballots cast by the township's 55,262 registered voters (329 ballots were spoiled), for a turnout of 65.7%.[97][98] In the 2008 presidential election, Democrat Barack Obama received 55.9% of the vote (21,590 cast), ahead of Republican John McCain with 42.0% (16,251 votes) and other candidates with 1.2% (472 votes), among the 38,657 ballots cast by the township's 55,075 registered voters, for a turnout of 70.2%.[99] In the 2004 presidential election, Democrat John Kerry received 53.5% of the vote (19,662 ballots cast), outpolling Republican George W. Bush with 45.1% (16,589 votes) and other candidates with 0.7% (367 votes), among the 36,770 ballots cast by the township's 51,913 registered voters, for a turnout percentage of 70.8.[100]

In the 2013 gubernatorial election, Republican Chris Christie received 58.9% of the vote (12,122 cast), ahead of Democrat Barbara Buono with 39.7% (8,183 votes), and other candidates with 1.4% (286 votes), among the 21,064 ballots cast by the township's 56,121 registered voters (473 ballots were spoiled), for a turnout of 37.5%.[101][102] In the 2009 gubernatorial election, Republican Chris Christie received 50.1% of the vote (11,987 ballots cast), ahead of Democrat Jon Corzine with 41.9% (10,029 votes), Independent Chris Daggett with 7.2% (1,710 votes) and other candidates with 1.1% (261 votes), among the 23,913 ballots cast by the township's 53,843 registered voters, yielding a 44.4% turnout.[103]

Education[edit]

The Woodbridge Township School District serves students in Kindergarten through twelfth grade. All schools in the district are accredited by the Middle States Association of Colleges and Schools Commission on Secondary Schools. The district's three high schools offer more than 150 courses, including Advanced Placement, college preparatory, business, vocational and cooperative work/study programs.

As of the 2011-12 school year, the district's 24 schools had an enrollment of 13,109 students and 1,029.2 classroom teachers (on an FTE basis), for a student–teacher ratio of 12.74:1.[104] Schools in the district (with 2011-12 enrollment data from the National Center for Education Statistics[105]) are 16 K-5 elementary schools: Mawbey Street School #1[106] (320), Avenel Street School #4&5[107] (602), Port Reading School #9[108] (396), Ross Street School #11[109] (421), Ford Avenue School #14[110] (214), Indiana Avenue School #18[111] (493), Menlo Park Terrace #19[112] (327), Claremont Avenue School #20[113] (346), Oak Ridge Heights School #21[114] (265), Lynn Crest School #22[115] (374), Woodbine Avenue School #23[116] (461), Kennedy Park School #24[117] (369), Lafayette Estates School #25[118] (534), Robert Mascenik School #26[119] (290), Pennsylvania Avenue School #27[120] (224) and Matthew Jago School #28[121] (433);[122] Five middle schools (grades 6-8): Avenel Middle School[123] (602), Colonia Middle School[124] (621), Fords Middle School[125] (699), Iselin Middle School[126] (625) and Woodbridge Middle School[127] (453);[128] High schools for grades 9-12 in the district are Colonia High School[129] (1,389), John F. Kennedy Memorial High School[130] (1,380) and Woodbridge High School[131] (1,411).[132][133]

Transportation[edit]

Roads and highways[edit]

As of May 2010, the township had a total of 303.32 miles (488.15 km) of roadways, of which 244.16 miles (392.94 km) were maintained by the municipality, 28.79 miles (46.33 km) by Middlesex County, 17.69 miles (28.47 km) by the New Jersey Department of Transportation and 12.68 miles (20.41 km) by the New Jersey Turnpike Authority.[134]

The Garden State Parkway extends 7 12 miles (12.1 km) through the Township, including exits 127 to 131. The Parkway connects Sayreville in the south to Clark in the north.[135] In addition, the New Jersey Turnpike (Interstate 95) passes through Woodbridge Township for about 5 14 miles (8.4 km), and is accessible at Exit 11 (which features a 24-lane toll gate).[136] The Turnpike's Grover Cleveland service area is located between Interchanges 11 and 12 northbound at milepost 92.9 and the Thomas Edison service area is located between Interchanges 11 and 12 southbound at milepost 92.9.[137]

U.S. Route 1 and U.S. Route 9 serve the township and merge heading north of the township as the U.S. Route 1/9 concurrency. Other roadways passing through the township are Route 27, Route 35, Route 184, and Route 440.

The 15-lane Driscoll Bridge on the Garden State Parkway and the adjacent 6-lane Edison Bridge on U.S. Route 9 both span the Raritan River, connecting Woodbridge Township on the north with Sayreville on the south.

The first cloverleaf interchange in the United States opened in 1929 at the intersection of Route 25 (now U.S. Route 1/9) and Route 4 (now Route 35).[138]

Public transportation[edit]

There are three train stations in the township: Metropark,[139] Avenel (which has limited service)[140] and Woodbridge.[141] Service is provided at Metropark by New Jersey Transit's Northeast Corridor Line[142] and at Avenel and Woodbridge on the North Jersey Coast Line[143] The Metropark station also offers Amtrak Northeast Corridor services to Newark (Penn Station), New York (Penn Station), Philadelphia, Washington, D.C. and Boston.[144]

New Jersey Transit provides bus service on the 115 and 116 routes to the Port Authority Bus Terminal in Midtown Manhattan, on the 48 to Elizabeth and local service on the 801, 802, 803, 804, 805, 810, 813 and 815.[145]

Points of interest[edit]

Notable people[edit]

People who were born in, residents of, or otherwise closely associated with Woodbridge Township include:

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b c d e f 2010 Census Gazetteer Files: New Jersey County Subdivisions, United States Census Bureau. Accessed May 21, 2015.
  2. ^ 2014 New Jersey Mayors Directory, New Jersey Department of Community Affairs, as of December 15, 2014. Accessed January 12, 2015.
  3. ^ Administration and Finance, Woodbridge Township. Accessed November 27, 2012.
  4. ^ Clerks Office, Woodbridge Township. Accessed November 27, 2012.
  5. ^ a b 2012 New Jersey Legislative District Data Book, Rutgers University Edward J. Bloustein School of Planning and Public Policy, March 2013, p. 87.
  6. ^ a b c "Township of Woodbridge (Middlesex County, New Jersey)". Geographic Names Information System. United States Geological Survey. Retrieved May 15, 2014. 
  7. ^ a b c d e f DP-1 - Profile of General Population and Housing Characteristics: 2010 for Englewood Cliffs borough, Bergen County, New Jersey, United States Census Bureau. Accessed March 1, 2012.
  8. ^ a b c d Municipalities Grouped by 2011-2020 Legislative Districts, New Jersey Department of State, p. 9. Accessed January 6, 2013.
  9. ^ a b c Profile of General Demographic Characteristics: 2010 for Englewood Cliffs borough, New Jersey Department of Labor and Workforce Development. Accessed March 1, 2012.
  10. ^ a b PEPANNRES - Annual Estimates of the Resident Population: April 1, 2010 to July 1, 2014 - 2014 Population Estimates for New Jersey municipalities, United States Census Bureau. Accessed May 21, 2015.
  11. ^ a b GCT-PH1 Population, Housing Units, Area, and Density: 2010 - State -- County Subdivision from the 2010 Census Summary File 1 for New Jersey, United States Census Bureau. Accessed November 27, 2012.
  12. ^ Look Up a ZIP Code for Avenel, NJ, United States Postal Service. Accessed March 19, 2012.
  13. ^ Look Up a ZIP Code for Port Reading, NJ, United States Postal Service. Accessed March 19, 2012.
  14. ^ Look Up a ZIP Code for Colonia, NJ, United States Postal Service. Accessed March 19, 2012.
  15. ^ Look Up a ZIP Code, United States Postal Service. Accessed March 19, 2012.
  16. ^ Look Up a ZIP Code for Woodbridge, NJ, United States Postal Service. Accessed September 4, 2011.
  17. ^ Look Up a ZIP Code for Keasbey, NJ, United States Postal Service. Accessed March 19, 2012.
  18. ^ Look Up a ZIP Code for Menlo Park Terrace, NJ, United States Postal Service. Accessed March 19, 2012.
  19. ^ Look Up a ZIP Code for Hopelawn, NJ, United States Postal Service. Accessed March 19, 2012.
  20. ^ Look Up a ZIP Code for Fords, NJ, United States Postal Service. Accessed March 19, 2012.
  21. ^ a b Area Code Lookup - NPA NXX for Woodbridge, NJ, Area-Codes.com. Accessed November 8, 2014.
  22. ^ a b "FIPS55 Data: New Jersey". FIPS55 Data. United States Geological Survey. February 23, 2006. Retrieved May 15, 2014. 
  23. ^ Table 7. Population for the Counties and Municipalities in New Jersey: 1990, 2000 and 2010, New Jersey Department of Labor and Workforce Development, February 2011. Accessed November 27, 2012.
  24. ^ The Counties and Most Populous Cities and Townships in 2010 in New Jersey: 2000 and 2010, United States Census Bureau. Accessed March 20, 2012.
  25. ^ Snyder, John P. The Story of New Jersey's Civil Boundaries: 1606-1968, Bureau of Geology and Topography; Trenton, New Jersey; 1969. p. 174. Accessed March 20, 2012.
  26. ^ Coffin, Joshua. A Sketch of the History of Newbury, Newburyport and West Newbury, S.G.Drake, Boston, 1845. p.70
  27. ^ Dally, Joseph W. (1989). Woodbridge and Vicinity. p. 44. 
  28. ^ Leonard, O. B. (1930). THE DUNHAM FAMILY (pp. 194-196), in Monnette, Orra Eugene (Eds.) FIRST SETTLERS of YE PLANTATIONS of PISCATAWAY and WOODBRIDGE, OLDE EAST NEW JERSEY, 1664-1714. The Leroy Carman Press, Los Angeles, CA. 
  29. ^ Ed. Nathaniel B. Shurtleff and David Pulsifer (1968). Records of the Colony of New Plymouth in New England. 
  30. ^ Anderson, Robert Charles (1995). The Great Migration Begins: Immigrants to New England 1620-1633: Great Migration Study Project (Boston: New England Historic Genealogical Society). 
  31. ^ US Gazetteer files: 2010, 2000, and 1990, United States Census Bureau. Accessed September 4, 2014.
  32. ^ Areas touching Woodbridge Township, MapIt. Accessed April 17, 2015.
  33. ^ DP-1 - Profile of General Population and Housing Characteristics: 2010 Demographic Profile Data for Avenel CDP, New Jersey, United States Census Bureau. Accessed November 27, 2012.
  34. ^ DP-1 - Profile of General Population and Housing Characteristics: 2010 Demographic Profile Data for Colonia CDP, New Jersey, United States Census Bureau. Accessed November 27, 2012.
  35. ^ DP-1 - Profile of General Population and Housing Characteristics: 2010 Demographic Profile Data for Fords CDP, New Jersey, United States Census Bureau. Accessed November 27, 2012.
  36. ^ DP-1 - Profile of General Population and Housing Characteristics: 2010 Demographic Profile Data for Iselin CDP, New Jersey, United States Census Bureau. Accessed November 27, 2012.
  37. ^ DP-1 - Profile of General Population and Housing Characteristics: 2010 Demographic Profile Data for Port Reading CDP, New Jersey, United States Census Bureau. Accessed November 27, 2012.
  38. ^ DP-1 - Profile of General Population and Housing Characteristics: 2010 Demographic Profile Data for Sewaren CDP, New Jersey, United States Census Bureau. Accessed November 27, 2012.
  39. ^ DP-1 - Profile of General Population and Housing Characteristics: 2010 Demographic Profile Data for Woodbridge CDP, New Jersey, United States Census Bureau. Accessed November 27, 2012.
  40. ^ New Jersey: 2010 - Population and Housing Unit Counts - 2010 Census of Population and Housing (CPH-2-32), United States Census Bureau, August 2012. Accessed November 27, 2012.
  41. ^ GCT-PH1 - Population, Housing Units, Area, and Density: 2010 - County -- County Subdivision and Place from the 2010 Census Summary File 1 for Middlesex County, New Jersey, United States Census Bureau. Accessed November 27, 2012.
  42. ^ Locality Search, State of New Jersey. Accessed May 17, 2015.
  43. ^ Census Estimates for New Jersey April 1, 2010 to July 1, 2014, United States Census Bureau. Accessed May 21, 2015.
  44. ^ Compendium of censuses 1726-1905: together with the tabulated returns of 1905, New Jersey Department of State, 1906. Accessed July 23, 2013.
  45. ^ Staff. "Township's 1810 Population Greater Than in 1880, Census Shows; 400% Increase in Last 40 Years Shows Steady Upward Trend in Number of Residents. Leader Gets Complete Figures for Last 120 Years.", The Woodbridge Leader, May 29, 1930. Accessed November 27, 2012.
  46. ^ Bowen, Francis. American Almanac and Repository of Useful Knowledge for the Year 1843, p. 231, David H. Williams, 1842. Accessed July 23, 2013. Source lists 1840 population as 4,822, one higher than listed in the table based on other sources.
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External links[edit]