Woodbury County, Iowa

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Woodbury County, Iowa
Woodbury County Courthouse from NW 1.JPG
Map of Iowa highlighting Woodbury County
Location in the U.S. state of Iowa
Map of the United States highlighting Iowa
Iowa's location in the U.S.
Founded 1851
Named for Levi Woodbury[1]
Seat Sioux City
Largest city Sioux City
Area
 • Total 878 sq mi (2,274 km2)
 • Land 872.59 sq mi (2,260 km2)
 • Water 4.79 sq mi (12 km2), 0.55%
Population
 • (2010) 102,172
 • Density 117/sq mi (45/km²)
Congressional district 4th
Time zone Central: UTC-6/-5
Website www.woodbury-ia.com

Woodbury County is a county located in the U.S. state of Iowa. As of the 2010 census, the population was 102,172.[2] The county seat is Sioux City.[3]

Woodbury County is included in the Sioux City, IA-NE-SD Metropolitan Statistical Area.[4]

History[edit]

Originally established in 1851 as Wahkaw County, the Iowa Legislature in 1853 changed the name to Woodbury County in honor of Levi Woodbury (1789–1851), a senator and Governor of New Hampshire who served as a Supreme Court justice from 1844 until his death.

The first county seat of Wahkaw County was the now-extinct village of Thompsonville; when the Legislature changed the county name to Woodbury, the new county seat became Sergeant's Bluff (now Sergeant Bluff). The county seat was moved to Sioux City in 1856.

The Winnebago Tribe of Nebraska (Ho-Chunk) also owns reservation land in Woodbury County.

Geography[edit]

Terraces, conservation tillage and buffers save soil and improve water quality on this Woodbury County farm in 1999.

According to the U.S. Census Bureau, the county has a total area of 878 square miles (2,270 km2), of which 873 square miles (2,260 km2) is land and 4.9 square miles (13 km2) (0.6%) is water.[5] It is the third-largest county by area in Iowa.

Major highways[edit]

Adjacent counties[edit]

Demographics[edit]

Historical population
Census Pop.
1860 1,119
1870 6,172 451.6%
1880 14,996 143.0%
1890 55,632 271.0%
1900 54,610 −1.8%
1910 67,616 23.8%
1920 92,171 36.3%
1930 101,669 10.3%
1940 103,627 1.9%
1950 103,917 0.3%
1960 107,849 3.8%
1970 103,052 −4.4%
1980 100,884 −2.1%
1990 98,276 −2.6%
2000 103,877 5.7%
2010 102,172 −1.6%
Est. 2016 102,779 [6] 0.6%
U.S. Decennial Census[7]
1790-1960[8] 1900-1990[9]
1990-2000[10] 2010-2013[2]

2010 census[edit]

The 2010 census recorded a population of 102,172 in the county, with a population density of 117.062/sq mi (45.1980/km2). There were 41,454 housing units, of which 39,052 were occupied.[11]

2000 census[edit]

2000 Census Age Pyramid for Woodbury County

As of the census[12] of 2000, there were 103,877 people, 39,151 households, and 26,426 families residing in the county. The population density was 119 people per square mile (46/km²). There were 41,394 housing units at an average density of 47 per square mile (18/km²). The racial makeup of the county was 87.48% White, 2.02% Black or African American, 1.69% Native American, 2.41% Asian, 0.04% Pacific Islander, 4.37% from other races, and 1.99% from two or more races. 9.11% of the population were Hispanic or Latino of any race.

There were 39,151 households out of which 34.00% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 51.90% were married couples living together, 11.30% had a female householder with no husband present, and 32.50% were non-families. 26.60% of all households were made up of individuals and 11.20% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.58 and the average family size was 3.13.

In the county, the population was spread out with 27.30% under the age of 18, 10.20% from 18 to 24, 28.30% from 25 to 44, 20.80% from 45 to 64, and 13.40% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 34 years. For every 100 females there were 96.10 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 92.80 males.

The median income for a household in the county was $38,509, and the median income for a family was $46,499. Males had a median income of $31,664 versus $22,599 for females. The per capita income for the county was $18,771. About 7.20% of families and 10.30% of the population were below the poverty line, including 13.60% of those under age 18 and 7.40% of those age 65 or over.

Politics[edit]

Presidential Elections Results[13]
Year Republican Democratic Third Parties
2016 56.6% 24,727 37.1% 16,210 6.4% 2,781
2012 48.5% 21,841 49.5% 22,302 2.0% 876
2008 49.6% 22,219 49.1% 21,983 1.4% 613
2004 50.8% 22,451 48.6% 21,455 0.7% 289
2000 49.8% 18,864 46.7% 17,691 3.5% 1,341
1996 43.7% 16,368 46.0% 17,224 10.3% 3,872
1992 42.3% 18,148 40.6% 17,398 17.1% 7,318
1988 47.9% 18,790 51.4% 20,153 0.7% 282
1984 54.3% 23,002 44.8% 18,951 0.9% 397
1980 54.4% 23,553 36.8% 15,930 8.8% 3,792
1976 52.8% 22,853 45.4% 19,664 1.8% 770
1972 57.3% 23,757 41.0% 16,974 1.7% 699
1968 50.6% 21,159 43.7% 18,281 5.7% 2,363
1964 39.2% 17,347 60.7% 26,841 0.1% 30
1960 55.1% 26,832 44.9% 21,906 0.0% 6
1956 55.9% 25,399 44.0% 19,997 0.1% 49
1952 58.4% 27,518 41.3% 19,474 0.3% 159
1948 42.6% 16,655 56.4% 22,056 1.0% 373
1944 47.4% 18,544 52.3% 20,448 0.3% 104
1940 48.2% 22,832 51.6% 24,457 0.2% 89
1936 32.9% 14,157 62.4% 26,847 4.7% 1,998
1932 32.0% 12,764 66.1% 26,397 1.9% 761
1928 54.8% 20,587 44.8% 16,831 0.4% 166
1924 47.4% 16,639 16.2% 5,676 36.5% 12,804
1920 62.1% 17,603 34.6% 9,815 3.3% 944
1916 38.6% 5,735 59.4% 8,819 2.0% 299
1912 18.7% 2,441 34.9% 4,564 46.5% 6,077
1908 53.5% 6,587 42.4% 5,222 4.1% 498
1904 66.9% 7,597 24.7% 2,809 8.4% 958
1900 57.5% 7,045 39.2% 4,796 3.3% 402
1896 54.9% 6,204 43.1% 4,876 2.0% 229

Between 1988-2012 Woodbury County was the quintessential swing county in Iowa with no candidate winning by more than 3.5% over that quarter century. However, in 2016 Donald Trump dominated the county by a 20% margin, the largest margin of victory since Lyndon Johnson's landslide election in 1964.

Communities[edit]

Cities[edit]

Unincorporated communities[edit]

Townships[edit]

Population ranking[edit]

The population ranking of the following table is based on the 2010 census of Woodbury County.[14]

county seat

Rank City/Town/etc. Municipal type Population (2010 Census)
1 Sioux City (partially in Plymouth County) City 82,684
2 Sergeant Bluff City 4,227
3 Moville City 1,618
4 Sloan City 973
5 Lawton City 908
6 Correctionville City 821
7 Anthon City 565
8 Pierson City 366
9 Salix City 363
10 Danbury City 348
11 Bronson City 322
12 Hornick City 225
13 Smithland City 224
14 Cushing City 220
15 Oto City 108
16 Climbing Hill CDP 97

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ Chicago and North Western Railway Company (1908). A History of the Origin of the Place Names Connected with the Chicago & North Western and Chicago, St. Paul, Minneapolis & Omaha Railways. p. 165. 
  2. ^ a b "State & County QuickFacts". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved July 20, 2014. 
  3. ^ "Find a County". National Association of Counties. Retrieved 2011-06-07. 
  4. ^ United States Office of Management and Budget. "Update of Statistical Area Definitions and Guidance on Their Uses" (PDF). pp. 5, 36. Archived from the original (PDF) on 2006-05-14. Retrieved 2006-07-21. 
  5. ^ "US Gazetteer files: 2010, 2000, and 1990". United States Census Bureau. 2011-02-12. Retrieved 2011-04-23. 
  6. ^ "Population and Housing Unit Estimates". Retrieved June 9, 2017. 
  7. ^ "U.S. Decennial Census". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved July 20, 2014. 
  8. ^ "Historical Census Browser". University of Virginia Library. Retrieved July 20, 2014. 
  9. ^ "Population of Counties by Decennial Census: 1900 to 1990". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved July 20, 2014. 
  10. ^ "Census 2000 PHC-T-4. Ranking Tables for Counties: 1990 and 2000" (PDF). United States Census Bureau. Retrieved July 20, 2014. 
  11. ^ "Population & Housing Occupancy Status 2010". United States Census Bureau American FactFinder. Retrieved May 9, 2011. 
  12. ^ "American FactFinder". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved 2008-01-31. 
  13. ^ http://uselectionatlas.org/RESULTS
  14. ^ http://www.census.gov/2010census/

Further reading[edit]

  • Lensch, R.A. (2006). Soil survey of Woodbury County, Iowa. Washington, D.C.: U.S. Department of Agriculture, Natural Resources Conservation Service.

External links[edit]

Coordinates: 42°23′29″N 96°03′03″W / 42.39139°N 96.05083°W / 42.39139; -96.05083