Woodcliff Lake, New Jersey

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Woodcliff Lake, New Jersey
Borough
Borough of Woodcliff Lake
Map highlighting Woodcliff Lake's location within Bergen County. Inset: Bergen County's location within New Jersey.
Map highlighting Woodcliff Lake's location within Bergen County. Inset: Bergen County's location within New Jersey.
Census Bureau map of Woodcliff Lake, New Jersey
Census Bureau map of Woodcliff Lake, New Jersey
Coordinates: 41°01′34″N 74°03′40″W / 41.025977°N 74.061061°W / 41.025977; -74.061061Coordinates: 41°01′34″N 74°03′40″W / 41.025977°N 74.061061°W / 41.025977; -74.061061[1][2]
Country  United States
State  New Jersey
County Bergen
Incorporated August 31, 1894, as Woodcliff
Renamed March 1, 1910, to Woodcliff Lake
Government[7]
 • Type Borough
 • Mayor Jeffrey R. Goldsmith (term ends December 31, 2015)[3]
 • Administrator Thomas Richards[4][5]
 • Clerk Debbie Dakin (acting)[5][6]
Area[1][8]
 • Total 3.606 sq mi (9.339 km2)
 • Land 3.405 sq mi (8.819 km2)
 • Water 0.201 sq mi (0.519 km2)  5.56%
Area rank 492nd of 566 in state
63rd of 70 in county[1]
Elevation[9] 230 ft (70 m)
Population (2010 Census)[10][11][12]
 • Total 5,730
 • Estimate (2014)[13] 5,870
 • Rank 358th of 566 in state
56th of 70 in county[14]
 • Density 1,682.7/sq mi (649.7/km2)
 • Density rank 314th of 566 in state
60th of 70 in county[14]
Time zone Eastern (EST) (UTC-5)
 • Summer (DST) Eastern (EDT) (UTC-4)
ZIP code 07677[15][16]
Area code(s) 201[17]
FIPS code 3400382300[1][18][19]
GNIS feature ID 0885449[1][20]
Website www.wclnj.com

Woodcliff Lake is a borough in Bergen County, New Jersey, United States. As of the 2010 Census, the borough's population was 5,730,[10][11][12] reflecting a decline of 15 (-0.3%) from the 5,745 counted in the 2000 Census, which had in turn increased by 442 (+8.3%) from the 5,303 counted in the 1990 Census.[21] Most of the borough mandates a minimum lot size of 22,500 square feet (2,090 m2) for single-family homes, with portions on the borough's east zoned for 15,000 square feet (1,400 m2) and portions of the borough's northwest and southwest zoned for 30,000 square feet (2,800 m2) lots.[22]

Woodcliff Lake is also the name of the reservoir that lies primarily within the borough, with a small portion at the southeastern edge located in neighboring Hillsdale.[23][24]

History[edit]

The borough was originally incorporated as the Borough of Woodcliff, on August 31, 1894, from parts of Orvil Township and Washington Township, based on the results of a referendum held three days earlier.[25] The borough was formed during the "Boroughitis" phenomenon then sweeping through Bergen County, in which 26 boroughs were formed in the county in 1894 alone.[26]

On March 1, 1910, after the creation of the reservoir, the name of the borough was changed to Woodcliff Lake, to match the name of the post office.[25] Prior to the creation of ZIP codes as a way to uniquely identify addresses, United States Postal Service policy was that two post offices in a state could not have the same name, and there was already a "Woodcliff" in Hudson County.[27] On January 1, 1956, and again on July 1, 1958, Woodcliff Lake exchanged sections of land with Park Ridge. On October 13, 1960, portions were exchanged with Hillsdale.[28]

Woodcliff Lake has many historic houses and buildings, some dating from the 18th century. The best example of this is probably the Wortendyke Barn, a colonial-era barn and all its implements that has been preserved as a Bergen County Historic Site. Many other old buildings are also present, but are likely to have been modified through the years. The borough has seen intense development over the past 50 years, as virtually all areas available for construction have been developed.[citation needed]

Geography[edit]

According to the United States Census Bureau, the borough had a total area of 3.606 square miles (9.339 km2), including 3.405 square miles (8.819 km2) of land and 0.201 square miles (0.519 km2) of water (5.56%).[1][2]

The borough is bordered by Montvale, Park Ridge, Hillsdale, Saddle River, and small portions of Upper Saddle River.[29] Woodcliff Lake is located approximately 20 miles (32 km) northwest of Manhattan.

Demographics[edit]

Historical population
Census Pop.
1900 329
1910 470 42.9%
1920 587 24.9%
1930 871 48.4%
1940 1,037 19.1%
1950 1,420 36.9%
1960 2,742 93.1%
1970 5,506 100.8%
1980 5,644 2.5%
1990 5,303 −6.0%
2000 5,745 8.3%
2010 5,730 −0.3%
Est. 2014 5,870 [13][30] 2.4%
Population sources:
1900-1920[31] 1900-1910[32]
1910-1930[33] 1900-2010[34][35][36]
2000[37][38] 2010[10][11][12]

2010 Census[edit]

At the 2010 United States Census, there were 5,730 people, 1,916 households, and 1,600 families residing in the borough. The population density was 1,682.7 per square mile (649.7/km2). There were 1,980 housing units at an average density of 581.5 per square mile (224.5/km2). The racial makeup of the borough was 90.30% (5,174) White, 0.82% (47) Black or African American, 0.00% (0) Native American, 6.47% (371) Asian, 0.00% (0) Pacific Islander, 1.20% (69) from other races, and 1.20% (69) from two or more races. Hispanics or Latinos of any race were 5.41% (310) of the population.[10]

There were 1,916 households, of which 42.3% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 75.4% were married couples living together, 6.5% had a female householder with no husband present, and 16.5% were non-families. 15.0% of all households were made up of individuals, and 10.7% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.94 and the average family size was 3.28.[10]

In the borough, 27.9% of the population were under the age of 18, 5.3% from 18 to 24, 17.1% from 25 to 44, 33.3% from 45 to 64, and 16.4% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 44.8 years. For every 100 females there were 91.4 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 89.0 males.[10]

The Census Bureau's 2006-2010 American Community Survey showed that (in 2010 inflation-adjusted dollars) median household income was $150,404 (with a margin of error of +/- $25,298) and the median family income was $172,019 (+/- $32,763). Males had a median income of $105,045 (+/- $11,151) versus $65,119 (+/- $22,660) for females. The per capita income for the borough was $62,925 (+/- $7,887). About 1.1% of families and 1.8% of the population were below the poverty line, including 1.5% of those under age 18 and 1.9% of those age 65 or over.[39]

Same-sex couples headed five households in 2010, an increase from the one household counted in 2000.[40]

2000 Census[edit]

As of the 2000 United States Census,[18] there were 5,745 people, 1,824 households, and 1,605 families residing in the borough. The population density was 1,725.3 people per square mile (666.1/km2). There were 1,842 housing units at an average density of 553.2 per square mile (213.6/km2). The racial makeup of the borough was 93.84% White, 0.87% African American, 0.03% Native American, 4.47% Asian, 0.19% from other races, and 0.59% from two or more races. 2.33% of the population were Hispanic or Latino of any race.[37][38]

There were 1,824 households out of which 47.4% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 80.2% were married couples living together, 6.6% had a female householder with no husband present, and 12.0% were non-families. 10.6% of all households were made up of individuals and 6.1% had someone living alone who is 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 3.08 and the average family size was 3.31.[37][38]

In the borough the population was spread out with 29.9% under the age of 18, 4.5% from 18 to 24, 24.4% from 25 to 44, 27.8% from 45 to 64, and 13.4% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 41 years. For every 100 females there were 92.3 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 88.1 males.[37][38]

The median income for a household in the borough was $123,022, and the median income for a family was $133,925. Males had a median income of $90,000 versus $45,150 for females. The per capita income for the borough was $53,461. 1.5% of the population and 0.9% of families were below the poverty line. Out of the total population, 1.4% of those under the age of 18 and 2.3% of those 65 and older were living below the poverty line.[37][38]

Economy[edit]

The borough was the world headquarters of Ingersoll Rand until the company moved in 2004, after which its property was taken over by the North American headquarters of BMW.[41] The borough is also the corporate headquarters of Perillo Tours, which consists of an elaborate Italian revival where Richard Nixon had an office after his Presidency.[41]

Tice's Corner Marketplace is a strip mall located on the site of the original Tice's Farms.[42]

Parks and recreation[edit]

Wood Dale County Park is a Bergen County park covering 118 acres (48 ha) located on Prospect Avenue. It has a playground, a dog park, walking path, tennis courts, athletic fields, picnic areas and a lake for fishing and model boating.[43]

Old Mill Pool is a public pool complex located on Werimus Road. It has a pool, water slide, playground and a picnic area.[44]

Government[edit]

Local government[edit]

Woodcliff Lake is governed under the Borough form of New Jersey municipal government. The government consists of a Mayor and a Borough Council comprising six council members, with all positions elected at-large on a partisan basis as part of the November general election. A Mayor is elected directly by the voters to a four-year term of office. The Borough Council consists of six members elected to serve three-year terms on a staggered basis, with two seats coming up for election each year in a three-year cycle.[7] The Borough form of government used by Woodcliff Lake, the most common system used in the state, is a "weak mayor / strong council" government in which council members act as the legislative body with the mayor presiding at meetings and voting only in the event of a tie. The mayor can veto ordinances subject to an override by a two-thirds majority vote of the council. The mayor makes committee and liaison assignments for council members, and most appointments are made by the mayor with the advice and consent of the council.[45][46]

As of 2015, the Mayor of Woodcliff Lake is Democrat Jeffrey D. Goldsmith, whose term of office ends December 31, 2015. Members of the Borough Council are Council President Carlos Rendo (R, 2016), Corrado Belgiovine (R, 2016), Eric Bloom (D, 2015), Jeanine Chiavelli (R, 2017), Jacqueline Gadaleta (D, 2015), Thomas Panso (R, 2017).[47][48][49][50][51][52][53]

Jean Bae was chosen in September 2012 to fill the vacancy of Kenneth Baum, who had resigned from the Council earlier that month. Bae became the borough's first Asian-American councilwoman.[54]

Controversy erupted in the borough in August 2008 when former Mayor LaPaglia described Councilmen Bader and Rosenblatt as "the temple twins", an apparent reference to their Jewish religion. The two councilmen demanded an apology, which LaPaglia would not give, denying anti-Semitic intent and stating that he is prone to colorful nicknames.[55]

Federal, state and county representation[edit]

Woodcliff Lake is located in the 5th Congressional District[56] and is part of New Jersey's 39th state legislative district.[11][57][58]

New Jersey's Fifth Congressional District is represented by Scott Garrett (R, Wantage Township).[59] New Jersey is represented in the United States Senate by Cory Booker (D, Newark, term ends 2021)[60] and Bob Menendez (D, Paramus, 2019).[61][62]

The 39th District of the New Jersey Legislature is represented in the State Senate by Gerald Cardinale (R, Demarest) and in the General Assembly by Holly Schepisi (R, River Vale) and Robert Auth (R).[63] The Governor of New Jersey is Chris Christie (R, Mendham Township).[64] The Lieutenant Governor of New Jersey is Kim Guadagno (R, Monmouth Beach).[65]

Bergen County is governed by a directly elected County Executive, with legislative functions performed by a seven-member Board of Chosen Freeholders.[66] As of 2015, the County Executive is James J. Tedesco III (D, Paramus; term ends December 31, 2018).[67] The seven freeholders are elected at-large in partisan elections on a staggered basis, with two or three seats coming up for election each year, with a Chairman, Vice Chairman and Chairman Pro Tempore selected from among its members at a reorganization meeting held each January.[68] Bergen County's Freeholders are Freeholder Chairwoman Joan Voss (D, 2017; Fort Lee),[69] Vice Chairman Steve Tanelli (D, 2015; North Arlington)[70] Chairman Pro Tempore John A. Felice (R, 2016; River Edge),[71] David L. Ganz (D, 2017; Fair Lawn),[72] Maura R. DeNicola (R, 2016; Franklin Lakes)[73] Thomas J. Sullivan Jr., (D, Montvale, 2015; serving the unexpired term of office that had been occupied by James Tedesco before he was sworn in as County Executive)[74][75] and Tracy Silna Zur (D, 2015; Franklin Lakes).[76][77] Countywide constitutional officials are County Clerk John S. Hogan (D, Northvale),[78] Sheriff Michael Saudino (R)[79] and Surrogate Michael R. Dressler (D, Cresskill).[80][81][66]

Politics[edit]

As of March 23, 2011, there were a total of 4,209 registered voters in Woodcliff Lake, of which 1,119 (26.6% vs. 31.7% countywide) were registered as Democrats, 1,024 (24.3% vs. 21.1%) were registered as Republicans and 2,065 (49.1% vs. 47.1%) were registered as Unaffiliated. There were 1 voters registered to other parties.[82] Among the borough's 2010 Census population, 73.5% (vs. 57.1% in Bergen County) were registered to vote, including 101.9% of those ages 18 and over (vs. 73.7% countywide).[82][83]

In the 2012 presidential election, Republican Mitt Romney received 1,792 votes (56.1% vs. 43.5% countywide), ahead of Democrat Barack Obama with 1,374 votes (43.0% vs. 54.8%) and other candidates with 20 votes (0.6% vs. 0.9%), among the 3,197 ballots cast by the borough's 4,475 registered voters, for a turnout of 71.4% (vs. 70.4% in Bergen County).[84][85] In the 2008 presidential election, Democrat Barack Obama received 1,696 votes (49.9% vs. 53.9% countywide), ahead of Republican John McCain with 1,646 votes (48.5% vs. 44.5%) and other candidates with 23 votes (0.7% vs. 0.8%), among the 3,396 ballots cast by the borough's 4,305 registered voters, for a turnout of 78.9% (vs. 76.8% in Bergen County).[86][87] In the 2004 presidential election, Republican George W. Bush received 1,656 votes (49.7% vs. 47.2% countywide), ahead of Democrat John Kerry with 1,638 votes (49.2% vs. 51.7%) and other candidates with 24 votes (0.7% vs. 0.7%), among the 3,329 ballots cast by the borough's 4,108 registered voters, for a turnout of 81.0% (vs. 76.9% in the whole county).[88]

In the 2013 gubernatorial election, Republican Chris Christie received 73.1% of the vote (1,603 cast), ahead of Democrat Barbara Buono with 25.8% (567 votes), and other candidates with 1.1% (24 votes), among the 2,258 ballots cast by the borough's 4,333 registered voters (64 ballots were spoiled), for a turnout of 52.1%.[89][90] In the 2009 gubernatorial election, Republican Chris Christie received 1,362 votes (48.1% vs. 45.8% countywide), ahead of Democrat Jon Corzine with 1,257 votes (44.4% vs. 48.0%), Independent Chris Daggett with 160 votes (5.7% vs. 4.7%) and other candidates with 20 votes (0.7% vs. 0.5%), among the 2,831 ballots cast by the borough's 4,902 registered voters, yielding a 57.8% turnout (vs. 50.0% in the county).[91]

Emergency services[edit]

Woodcliff Lake is served by a volunteer fire department that was established in 1932 after residents became dissatisfied with fire protection paid for through Park Ridge.[92] The WLFD consists of a chief, a deputy chief, two captains and three lieutenants in addition to the 70+ members. Woodcliff Lake Fire Department is also known as Station 68. Station 68 is home to Engine 71, Squad 72, Ladder 75, and Rescue 76. The chiefs are assigned cars numbered after their radio designations 710 and 711. WLFD is a member of the Tri-Boro Mutual Aid along with Montvale and Park Ridge.[93]

Together with Park Ridge and Montvale, Woodcliff Lake is one of the three municipalities that is part of the Tri-Boro Volunteer Ambulance Corps, founded in 1938 and provides EMS service to these three communities. Tri-Boro is a non-profit and full volunteer group which provides free emergency service to those in the community who need it at any time. The headquarters is located in Park Ridge near Mill Pond.[94]

Woodcliff Lake's police department, located next to borough hall and the fire department, was founded in 1954.[95]

Education[edit]

The Woodcliff Lake Public Schools serve students in pre-Kindergarten through eighth grade. As of the 2011-12 school year, the district's two schools had an enrollment of 803 students and 69.0 classroom teachers (on an FTE basis), for a student–teacher ratio of 11.64:1.[96] The schools in the district (with 2011-12 enrollment data from the National Center for Education Statistics[97]) are Dorchester Elementary School[98] with 534 students in grades Pre-K through 5 and Woodcliff Middle School[99] which had 269 students in grades 6-8.[100]

For ninth through twelfth grades, Woodcliff Lake and Montvale public school students attend Pascack Hills High School. The school is part of the Pascack Valley Regional High School District, which serves students from Hillsdale and River Vale at Pascack Valley High School.[101]

Public school students from the borough, and all of Bergen County, are eligible to attend the secondary education programs offered by the Bergen County Technical Schools, which include the Bergen County Academies in Hackensack, and the Bergen Tech campus in Teterboro or Paramus. The district offers programs on a shared-time or full-time basis, with admission based on a selective application process and tuition covered by the student's home school district.[102][103]

Transportation[edit]

Roads and highways[edit]

As of May 2010, the borough had a total of 45.94 miles (73.93 km) of roadways, of which 34.27 miles (55.15 km) were maintained by the municipality, 9.47 miles (15.24 km) by Bergen County and 2.20 miles (3.54 km) by the New Jersey Turnpike Authority.[104]

The Garden State Parkway and County Route 503 pass through Woodcliff Lake.

The Garden State Parkway may be entered, southbound, or exited from, northbound, at exit 171. Due to the fact that not all movements are possible at that exit, exits 168 in Washington Township and 172 in Montvale are also used to access the borough.

Public transportation[edit]

Woodcliff Lake is served by New Jersey Transit at the Woodcliff Lake train station, located at Broadway and Woodcliff Avenues.[105][106] The station offers service on the on the Pascack Valley Line, which runs north-south to Hoboken Terminal with connections via the Secaucus Junction transfer station to New Jersey Transit one-stop service to New York Penn Station and to other NJ Transit rail service. Connections are available at the Hoboken Terminal to other New Jersey Transit rail lines, the PATH train at the Hoboken PATH station, New York Waterways ferry service to the World Financial Center and other destinations and Hudson-Bergen Light Rail service.[107]

Rockland Coaches offers service to the Port Authority Bus Terminal in Midtown Manhattan on routes 11T/11AT and 45/46/47.[108][109] Saddle River Tours / Ameribus provides service to the George Washington Bridge Bus Station on route 11C.[110]

Community[edit]

Tice Farms was a farm and roadside stand in Woodcliff Lake. Founded in 1808, it was a local landmark which attracted families from miles around, especially in the fall, when it was noted for pumpkins, apple cider, freshly baked donuts, and other fall products. Many people would make the drive to the area from New York City, causing massive traffic jams on autumn weekends. Beginning in the 1970s, the farm was increasingly squeezed by local land development, and Richard Tice, the head of the family, repeatedly sold land to accommodate development.[111] BMW's North American headquarters are located on Chestnut Ridge Road, and is built, and currently being expanded on land once owned by the Tice family.[112] The company is the town's predominant landowner. Tice Farms is now Tice's Corner, an upscale strip mall.[113]

Van Riper's Farm, formerly located approximately across the street from Tice's, was founded in the late 18th century and known for its apple cider and annual turkey shoot. It was closed to make way for an A&P supermarket, which is known as the company's trademark store.[114]

A small reminder of Woodcliff Lake's rural history is Fusco's Market, located on the corner of Werimus and Saddle River Roads. Fusco's is the town's general store, owned and operated by the Fusco family. Nearby is the Old Mill Pond, which was established as the town's swimming pool around 1950 when the borough acquired the small, nearly silted-up mill pond near the headwaters of the Musquapsink Brook. Old Mill Pond has been renovated to include a partial sand beach along with a water slide, two diving boards, swimming lanes, and other water activities for kids.[115]

Woodcliff Lake lacks its own public library; however, it offers its residents reimbursement if they pay for a library membership from a neighboring municipality with its own library.[116]

The borough was originally assigned the ZIP code 07680. As part of post office consolidation in the early 1970s, it lost its postmaster (though not its post office) and was designated a branch of the Westwood post office, sharing the ZIP code 07675. Following longtime public protest, it regained its own ZIP code, 07677, in the late 1990s.[citation needed]

Notable people[edit]

People who were born in, residents of, or otherwise closely associated with Woodcliff Lake include:

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b c d e f 2010 Census Gazetteer Files: New Jersey County Subdivisions, United States Census Bureau. Accessed May 21, 2015.
  2. ^ a b US Gazetteer files: 2010, 2000, and 1990, United States Census Bureau. Accessed September 4, 2014.
  3. ^ 2014 New Jersey Mayors Directory, New Jersey Department of Community Affairs, as of December 15, 2014. Accessed January 10, 2015.
  4. ^ Administrator, Borough of Woodcliff Lake. Accessed December 23, 2013.
  5. ^ a b Albrizio, Lianna. "Woodcliff Lake appoints interim administrator", Pascack Valley Community Life, August 13, 2013. Accessed August 31, 2013. "Past Maywood Mayor Thomas Richards will serve as the interim administrator for Woodcliff Lake effective today, officials announced at last night's council meeting. Richards will replace Wolfgang Albrecht, who is currently on a 60-day leave of absence following charges brought against him on Aug. 5 for allegedly falsifying government documents related to the November Elections.... The council appointed Justin Santagata, Kaufman's associate, as acting borough clerk for the meeting that evening. Deborah Dakin - who had split the duties of borough clerk with Albrecht after Lori Sciara announced her resignation after 11 years of service in March - was appointed acting borough clerk."
  6. ^ Borough Departments, Borough of Woodcliff Lake. Accessed December 23, 2013.
  7. ^ a b 2012 New Jersey Legislative District Data Book, Rutgers University Edward J. Bloustein School of Planning and Public Policy, March 2013, p. 165.
  8. ^ GCT-PH1: Population, Housing Units, Area, and Density: 2010 - State -- Place and (in selected states) County Subdivision from 2010 Census Summary File 1 for New Jersey, United States Census Bureau. Accessed June 12, 2012.
  9. ^ U.S. Geological Survey Geographic Names Information System: Borough of Woodcliff Lake, Geographic Names Information System. Accessed March 14, 2013.
  10. ^ a b c d e f DP-1 - Profile of General Population and Housing Characteristics: 2010 for Woodcliff Lake borough, Bergen County, New Jersey, United States Census Bureau. Accessed March 4, 2013.
  11. ^ a b c d Municipalities Grouped by 2011-2020 Legislative Districts, New Jersey Department of State, p. 16. Accessed January 6, 2013.
  12. ^ a b c Profile of General Demographic Characteristics: 2010 for Woodcliff Lake borough, New Jersey Department of Labor and Workforce Development. Accessed March 4, 2013.
  13. ^ a b PEPANNRES - Annual Estimates of the Resident Population: April 1, 2010 to July 1, 2014 - 2014 Population Estimates for New Jersey municipalities, United States Census Bureau. Accessed May 21, 2015.
  14. ^ a b GCT-PH1 Population, Housing Units, Area, and Density: 2010 - State -- County Subdivision from the 2010 Census Summary File 1 for New Jersey, United States Census Bureau. Accessed March 4, 2013.
  15. ^ Look Up a ZIP Code for Woodcliff Lake, NJ, United States Postal Service. Accessed September 7, 2011.
  16. ^ Zip Codes, State of New Jersey. Accessed September 1, 2013.
  17. ^ Area Code Lookup - NPA NXX for Woodcliff Lake, NJ, Area-Codes.com. Accessed September 1, 2013.
  18. ^ a b American FactFinder, United States Census Bureau. Accessed September 4, 2014.
  19. ^ A Cure for the Common Codes: New Jersey, Missouri Census Data Center. Accessed June 12, 2012.
  20. ^ US Board on Geographic Names, United States Geological Survey. Accessed September 4, 2014.
  21. ^ Table 7. Population for the Counties and Municipalities in New Jersey: 1990, 2000 and 2010, New Jersey Department of Labor and Workforce Development, February 2011. Accessed June 12, 2012.
  22. ^ Zoning Map, Borough of Woodcliff Lake. Accessed March 10, 2015.
  23. ^ Redmon, Kimberly. "United Water to begin dam upgrades in Woodcliff Lake Reservoir", Pascack Valley Community Life, February 28, 2014. Accessed March 18, 2015. "United Water plans to lower Church Road, which is situated above the dam, for additional spillway capacity, as well as widen the narrow roadway. As a result, Church Road, an east-west thoroughfare through Hillsdale, will be closed to traffic from April 1 through Dec. 31, 2015."
  24. ^ UNITED WATER NEW JERSEY, INC. v. BOROUGH OF HILLSDALE, Justia. Accessed March 18, 2015. "The relevant facts are essentially undisputed. UWNJ provides water to customers in sixty municipalities in Bergen and Hudson Counties. To do so, UWNJ utilizes, among other facilities, the Woodcliff Lake Reservoir, which is located in Hillsdale and the Borough of Woodcliff Lake ('Woodcliff Lake'). One of the reservoir's structures is a dam across the Pascack Brook, which UWNJ's predecessor, Hackensack Water Company, constructed in 1904. The dam is traversed by Church Road, a private road owned by UWNJ that is subject to use easements held by Hillsdale and Woodcliff Lake."
  25. ^ a b Snyder, John P. The Story of New Jersey's Civil Boundaries: 1606-1968, Bureau of Geology and Topography; Trenton, New Jersey; 1969. p. 88. Accessed October 25, 2012.
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  27. ^ Burrow, Megan. "Putting the lake into Woodcliff Lake", Pascack Valley Community Life, June 17, 2010. Accessed June 12, 2012. "Before 1910, the borough was simply known as Woodcliff, but the moniker was changed a century ago to reflect the shining new lake in the center of the rural hamlet, and to match the town's post office, whose name had been changed shortly before to distinguish it from a mail center in the Hudson County town of Woodcliff. In the era before zip codes, each post office in the state had to have a unique name in order to avoid confusion."
  28. ^ Bergen County New Jersey Municipalities, Dutch Door Genealogy. Accessed May 30, 2006.
  29. ^ Areas touching Woodcliff Lake, MapIt. Accessed January 10, 2015.
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  37. ^ a b c d e Census 2000 Profiles of Demographic / Social / Economic / Housing Characteristics for Woodcliff Lake borough, New Jersey, United States Census Bureau. Accessed March 4, 2013.
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  39. ^ DP03: Selected Economic Characteristics from the 2006-2010 American Community Survey 5-Year Estimates for Woodcliff Lake borough, Bergen County, New Jersey, United States Census Bureau. Accessed June 12, 2012.
  40. ^ Lipman, Harvy; and Sheingold, Dave. "North Jersey sees 30% growth in same-sex couples", The Record (Bergen County), August 14, 2011, backed up by the Internet Archive as of February 3, 2013. Accessed November 18, 2014.
  41. ^ a b History, Borough of Woodcliff Lake. Accessed March 21, 2011.
  42. ^ Home Page, Tice's Corner Marketplace. Accessed March 10, 2015.
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