Woodman Point

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Woodman Point is a headland on the west coast of Western Australia. It is located in the Perth suburb of Munster, 22 km south-south-east of the city centre and 8 km south of Fremantle. It extends westward into the Indian Ocean. The coastal waters immediately to the north of the point are known as Owen Anchorage, while to the south is Jervoise Bay. Woodman Point marks the northern extent of Cockburn Sound.

Woodman Point is contained completely within the Woodman Point Regional Park, a 54 hectare national park with recreational facilities including parklands, playgrounds, jetties, and a caravan park; and historic sites including a World War II prisoner-of-war camp and World War II munitions bunkers.

History[edit]

Panorama looking south over Woodman Point.

Woodman Point was named after Thomas Woodman who accompanied Captain James Stirling on the 1827 HMS Success expedition which explored the upper reaches of the Swan River. When Stirling returned in 1829 with the first settlers for the Swan River Colony, Woodman Point would have been one of the first mainland landmarks sighted by the new arrivals.

Woodman pt Quarantine Station

In the 1880s a quarantine station was established there to isolate immigrants from the community whilst being cleared of smallpox, bubonic plague and Spanish influenza which was ravaging Europe, the Americas and Asia.

See also: Boonah crisis

The facility continued to be used intermittently as a quarantine station until about 1979 when it closed. The buildings, including dormitories and administration buildings as well as the crematorium were placed in the Register of the National Estate in 1999. The dormitories and most other buildings are currently in use for school and other groups and now known as Woodman Point Recreation Camp.

Racecourse[edit]

Early accounts of horse racing in the Swan River Colony indicate that Woodman Point was always a favourite location for racing enthusiasts, with the first races being run there in 1833.[1][2] By the mid 1880s, a regular carnival of events had grown around the unofficial racecourse, and Fremantle residents would come down by steam boat or private yacht to spend the day watching the races and picnicking.[3] The course was taken over by the Fremantle Jockey Club in 1894,[4] granted a 99-year lease in 1899,[5] and run with varying degrees of success[4][6] until 1900, when the club lapsed.[7] During this time the racecourse was kept in excellent condition, with the 3-furlong straights levelled over a width of 66 feet and planted with couch grass. It was watered by a windmill and reticulation, and the club had built a bird cage of 24 stalls.[8]

For years racing enthusiasts had been requesting that the existing railway line to Robb Jetty be extended to Woodman Point for ease of access, but to no avail.[9] This eventually led to the decline of the area as a popular racecourse. In 1903 the State Government decided to resume the racecourse land for a new explosives magazine, as it was by then considered to be abandoned. Only then was the railway line extended.[10]

Other uses[edit]

Woodman Light, a lighthouse built in 1902, is located just beyond the eastern boundary of the reserve. The light is on small hill to the East side of Cockburn Road and nearby are stone cottages used to house the lighthouse keepers.

In 1966 the State Electricity Commission (now Western Power) built a wastewater treatment plant at Woodman Point. It was replaced by another plant in a new location also at Woodman Point in 1984.

Munitions site[edit]

The munitions bunkers, located in a munitions reserve East of the quarantine station, were actively used for that purpose until the 1980s [11] when the facility was de-commissioned and moved to Karnup, southeast of Rockingham.

By that time the Navy had also established its own facility at HMAS Stirling on Garden Island.

Railway line[edit]

A dedicated railway spur line to service the munitions reserve originally ran parallel to Cockburn Road past Coogee Beach to South Fremantle and then to the inner harbour of the Port of Fremantle which was a major allied naval base during World War II. Removal of the munitions reserve was necessary prior to developing nearby land into the residential suburb now known as Coogee.

In the 1980s, a proposal to create a tourist railway operations centre at Woodmans Point was proposed, but it never eventuated [12]

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ "DEATH OF A CENTENARIAN MR. JOSEPH LOCKYER, OF NORTHAM. Perth, Sept. 30.". Kalgoorlie Western Argus. 8 October 1912. p. 42. Retrieved 2015-06-26. 
  2. ^ "TURF TOPICS Happenings on and off the Racecourse Gathered from Near and Far | Desert Hero's Departure for India". Sunday Times. 17 May 1936. pp. 10 S. Retrieved 2015-06-26. 
  3. ^ "THE TURF.". The Inquirer and Commercial News. 25 November 1885. p. 5. Retrieved 2015-06-26. 
  4. ^ a b "FREMANTLE JOCKEY CLUB. THE WOODMAN'S POINT COURSE.". The Daily News. 27 October 1896. p. 4. Retrieved 2015-06-26. 
  5. ^ "FREMANTLE JOCKEY CLUB.". Western Mail. 2 June 1899. p. 41. Retrieved 2015-06-26. 
  6. ^ "The Woodman's Point Races". The Inquirer and Commercial News. 10 January 1890. p. 5. Retrieved 2015-06-26. 
  7. ^ "SPOUTING. GENERAL NOTES.". The Daily News. 5 May 1900. p. 5. Retrieved 2015-06-26. 
  8. ^ Berson, Michael (1979). Cockburn: the making of a community. Spearwood, Western Australia: City of Cockburn. p. 103. ISBN 0959653309. 
  9. ^ "FREMANTLE JOCKEY CLUB.". The Inquirer and Commercial News. 22 April 1898. p. 11. Retrieved 2015-06-26. 
  10. ^ "THE MAGAZINE EXPLOSION. FURTHER DEVELOPMENTS. THREE MISSING KEYS FOUND. NEAR SCENE OF EXPLOSION. AN IMPORTANT CLUE.". The West Australian. 20 July 1903. p. 7. Retrieved 2015-06-26. 
  11. ^ http://pandora.nla.gov.au/pan/34313/20060325-0000/www.heritage.wa.gov.au/register/PDF_Files/U-Z%20Reg/Woodman%20Pt%20Mun%20Mags%20%28P%29.pdf Heritage registration of Munitions site
  12. ^ Australian Railway Historical Society. Western Australian Division (1987), Establishment of tourist railway and operations centre : Woodman Point Coastal Park : proposal, Australian Railway Historical Society, W.A. Division, retrieved 18 December 2015