Woodruff County, Arkansas
|Woodruff County, Arkansas|
Woodruff County courthouse in Augusta
Location in the state of Arkansas
Arkansas's location in the U.S.
|Founded||November 26, 1862|
|Named for||William E. Woodruff|
|• Total||594 sq mi (1,538 km2)|
|• Land||587 sq mi (1,520 km2)|
|• Water||7.2 sq mi (19 km2), 1.2%|
|• Density||12/sq mi (5/km²)|
|Time zone||Central: UTC-6/-5|
Woodruff County is a county located in the U.S. state of Arkansas. As of the 2010 census, the population was 7,260, making it the second-least populous county in Arkansas. The county seat is Augusta. Woodruff County is Arkansas's 54th county, formed on November 26, 1862, and named for William E. Woodruff, founder of the state's first newspaper, the Arkansas Gazette.
A portion of Woodruff County is represented in the Arkansas State Senate by the Republican Ronald R. Caldwell, a real estate businessman from Wynne in Cross County. In the Arkansas House of Representatives, the local member is Michael John Gray, a Democrat and a farmer from Augusta who also holds a law degree.
- Jackson County (north)
- Cross County (northeast)
- St. Francis County (southeast)
- Monroe County (south)
- Prairie County (southwest)
- White County (west)
National protected area
As of the 2000 United States Census, there were 8,741 people, 3,531 households, and 2,439 families residing in the county. The population density was 15 people per square mile (6/km²). There were 4,089 housing units at an average density of 7 per square mile (3/km²). The racial makeup of the county was 67.86% White, 30.75% Black or African American, 0.23% Native American, 0.07% Asian, 0.10% Pacific Islander, 0.17% from other races, and 0.81% from two or more races. 0.79% of the population were Hispanic or Latino of any race.
There were 3,531 households out of which 30.90% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 48.60% were married couples living together, 16.70% had a female householder with no husband present, and 30.90% were non-families. 28.20% of all households were made up of individuals and 14.20% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.44 and the average family size was 2.97.
In the county the population was spread out with 26.00% under the age of 18, 8.40% from 18 to 24, 24.50% from 25 to 44, 24.40% from 45 to 64, and 16.70% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 38 years. For every 100 females there were 89.20 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 84.90 males.
The median income for a household in the county was $22,099, and the median income for a family was $27,824. Males had a median income of $24,051 versus $17,995 for females. The per capita income for the county was $13,269. About 21.70% of families and 27.00% of the population were below the poverty line, including 38.10% of those under age 18 and 27.00% of those age 65 or over.
Townships in Arkansas are the divisions of a county. Each township includes unincorporated areas; some may have incorporated cities or towns within part of their boundaries. Arkansas townships have limited purposes in modern times. However, the United States Census does list Arkansas population based on townships (sometimes referred to as "county subdivisions" or "minor civil divisions"). Townships are also of value for historical purposes in terms of genealogical research. Each town or city is within one or more townships in an Arkansas county based on census maps and publications. The townships of Woodruff County are listed below; listed in parentheses are the cities, towns, and/or census-designated places that are fully or partially inside the township. 
- "State & County QuickFacts". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved May 19, 2014.
- "Find a County". National Association of Counties. Retrieved 2011-06-07.
- "US Gazetteer files: 2010, 2000, and 1990". United States Census Bureau. 2011-02-12. Retrieved 2011-04-23.
- "U.S. Decennial Census". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved May 24, 2014.
- "Historical Census Browser". University of Virginia Library. Retrieved May 24, 2014.
- "Population of Counties by Decennial Census: 1900 to 1990". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved May 24, 2014.
- "Census 2000 PHC-T-4. Ranking Tables for Counties: 1990 and 2000" (PDF). United States Census Bureau. Retrieved May 24, 2014.
- Based on 2000 census data
- "American FactFinder". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved 2011-05-14.
- 2011 Boundary and Annexation Survey (BAS): Woodruff County, AR (PDF) (Map). U. S. Census Bureau. Retrieved 2011-08-24.
- "Arkansas: 2010 Census Block Maps - County Subdivision". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved May 29, 2014.
||Jackson County||Cross County|
|Prairie County||Monroe County||St. Francis County|