Woodson County, Kansas

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Woodson County, Kansas
County
Woodson County Courthouse, Yates Center, KS.jpg
Map of Kansas highlighting Woodson County
Location in the U.S. state of Kansas
Map of the United States highlighting Kansas
Kansas's location in the U.S.
Founded 1855
Named for Daniel Woodson
Seat Yates Center
Largest city Yates Center
Area
 • Total 505 sq mi (1,308 km2)
 • Land 498 sq mi (1,290 km2)
 • Water 7.4 sq mi (19 km2), 1.5%
Population (est.)
 • (2016) 3,165
 • Density 6.6/sq mi (2.5/km2)
Congressional district 2nd
Time zone Central: UTC−6/−5
Website WoodsonCounty.net

Woodson County (standard abbreviation: WO) is a county located in the U.S. state of Kansas. As of the 2010 census, the county population was 3,309.[1] Its county seat is Yates Center.[2]

History[edit]

Early history[edit]

For many millennia, the Great Plains of North America was inhabited by nomadic Native Americans. From the 16th century to 18th century, the Kingdom of France claimed ownership of large parts of North America. In 1762, after the French and Indian War, France secretly ceded New France to Spain, per the Treaty of Fontainebleau.

19th century[edit]

In 1802, Spain returned most of the land to France, but keeping title to about 7,500 square miles. In 1803, most of the land for modern day Kansas was acquired by the United States from France as part of the 828,000 square mile Louisiana Purchase for 2.83 cents per acre.

In 1854, the Kansas Territory was organized, then in 1861 Kansas became the 34th U.S. state. In 1855, Woodson County was established. Fort Belmont was used during the Civil War and had received refugees from the Trail of Blood on Ice. Opothleyahola is buried in an unmarked grave next to his daughter who died at the fort.

Geography[edit]

According to the U.S. Census Bureau, the county has a total area of 505 square miles (1,310 km2), of which 498 square miles (1,290 km2) is land and 7.4 square miles (19 km2) (1.5%) is water.[3]

Adjacent counties[edit]

Demographics[edit]

Historical population
Census Pop.
18601,488
18703,827157.2%
18806,53570.8%
18909,02138.0%
190010,02211.1%
19109,450−5.7%
19208,984−4.9%
19308,526−5.1%
19408,014−6.0%
19506,711−16.3%
19605,423−19.2%
19704,789−11.7%
19804,600−3.9%
19904,116−10.5%
20003,788−8.0%
20103,309−12.6%
Est. 20163,165[4]−4.4%
U.S. Decennial Census[5]
1790-1960[6] 1900-1990[7]
1990-2000[8] 2010-2016[1]
Age pyramid

As of the census[9] of 2000, there were 3,788 people, 1,642 households, and 1,052 families residing in the county. The population density was 8 people per square mile (3/km²). There were 2,076 housing units at an average density of 4 per square mile (2/km²). The racial makeup of the county was 96.96% White, 0.82% Black or African American, 0.87% Native American, 0.05% Asian, 0.24% from other races, and 1.06% from two or more races. 1.37% of the population were Hispanic or Latino of any race.

There were 1,642 households out of which 25.80% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 53.80% were married couples living together, 7.40% had a female householder with no husband present, and 35.90% were non-families. 33.30% of all households were made up of individuals and 19.40% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.24 and the average family size was 2.83.

In the county, the population was spread out with 21.70% under the age of 18, 7.40% from 18 to 24, 22.10% from 25 to 44, 23.90% from 45 to 64, and 24.80% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 44 years. For every 100 females there were 96.80 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 96.80 males.

The median income for a household in the county was $25,335, and the median income for a family was $31,369. Males had a median income of $23,950 versus $16,135 for females. The per capita income for the county was $14,283. About 10.20% of families and 13.20% of the population were below the poverty line, including 17.20% of those under age 18 and 13.20% of those age 65 or over.

Government[edit]

Presidential elections[edit]

Presidential Elections Results
Presidential Elections Results[10]
Year Republican Democratic Third Parties
2016 75.0% 1,082 18.9% 273 6.1% 88
2012 71.5% 1,035 26.3% 380 2.2% 32
2008 66.0% 1,055 32.0% 512 2.0% 32
2004 68.3% 1,204 30.1% 530 1.6% 29
2000 61.1% 974 32.7% 521 6.3% 100
1996 52.0% 953 32.6% 598 15.3% 281
1992 35.5% 662 31.6% 590 32.9% 614
1988 57.5% 1,062 41.2% 761 1.3% 24
1984 69.4% 1,408 29.4% 596 1.3% 26
1980 65.6% 1,435 29.5% 646 4.9% 108
1976 54.1% 1,104 44.3% 904 1.6% 33
1972 72.6% 1,592 25.1% 550 2.3% 51
1968 62.6% 1,450 27.6% 639 9.8% 226
1964 52.6% 1,279 46.4% 1,128 1.0% 24
1960 67.4% 1,853 32.3% 888 0.4% 10
1956 70.9% 2,171 28.4% 870 0.7% 22
1952 76.3% 2,594 23.1% 786 0.6% 20
1948 62.6% 1,997 35.9% 1,145 1.5% 49
1944 69.6% 2,308 30.1% 999 0.3% 11
1940 64.9% 2,637 34.4% 1,398 0.7% 30
1936 55.5% 2,374 44.0% 1,884 0.5% 20
1932 45.2% 1,842 52.0% 2,119 2.9% 117
1928 76.6% 2,885 22.7% 855 0.7% 27
1924 63.2% 2,412 26.9% 1,026 10.0% 380
1920 68.7% 2,253 28.8% 944 2.5% 82
1916 48.2% 1,861 46.5% 1,794 5.3% 205
1912 29.1% 694 37.8% 900 33.1% 788
1908 53.2% 1,252 44.5% 1,047 2.3% 53
1904 63.6% 1,490 28.0% 657 8.4% 197
1900 55.5% 1,418 43.7% 1,115 0.8% 20
1896 51.6% 1,288 47.6% 1,189 0.8% 21
1892 50.2% 1,071 49.8% 1,064
1888 52.0% 1,149 26.9% 595 21.1% 467

Woodson County is powerfully Republican. The only Democrat to win a majority in the county was Franklin D. Roosevelt in 1932, although Woodrow Wilson won a plurality in 1912.

Education[edit]

Unified school districts[edit]

Communities[edit]

Cities[edit]

2005 KDOT Map of Woodson County from KDOT (map legend)

Census-designated place[edit]

Other unincorporated communities[edit]

Ghost towns[edit]

  • Defiance - located six miles east of Yates Center, its population moved to Yates Center after it was selected as the permanent county seat in 1876[11]
  • Kalida - located two miles south of Yates Center, its population moved to Yates Center after it was selected as the permanent county seat in 1876[11]

Townships[edit]

Woodson County is divided into six townships. The city of Yates Center is considered governmentally independent and is excluded from the census figures for the townships. In the following table, the population center is the largest city (or cities) included in that township's population total, if it is of a significant size.

Sources: 2000 U.S. Gazetteer from the U.S. Census Bureau.
Township FIPS Population
center
Population Population
density
/km² (/sq mi)
Land area
km² (sq mi)
Water area
km² (sq mi)
Water % Geographic coordinates
Center 12250 594 1 (4) 410 (158) 1 (0) 0.23% 37°50′35″N 95°43′29″W / 37.84306°N 95.72472°W / 37.84306; -95.72472
Liberty 40375 200 1 (2) 223 (86) 1 (0) 0.26% 37°59′18″N 95°43′47″W / 37.98833°N 95.72972°W / 37.98833; -95.72972
Neosho Falls 49850 537 3 (7) 196 (76) 1 (0) 0.38% 37°57′30″N 95°33′54″W / 37.95833°N 95.56500°W / 37.95833; -95.56500
North 51025 71 0 (1) 167 (64) 0 (0) 0.11% 37°59′50″N 95°53′19″W / 37.99722°N 95.88861°W / 37.99722; -95.88861
Perry 55475 103 1 (2) 127 (49) 0 (0) 0.08% 37°46′18″N 95°35′24″W / 37.77167°N 95.59000°W / 37.77167; -95.59000
Toronto 71075 684 4 (11) 167 (64) 10 (4) 5.40% 37°47′52″N 95°55′37″W / 37.79778°N 95.92694°W / 37.79778; -95.92694

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b "State & County QuickFacts". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved July 29, 2014.
  2. ^ "Find a County". National Association of Counties. Retrieved 2011-06-07.
  3. ^ "US Gazetteer files: 2010, 2000, and 1990". United States Census Bureau. 2011-02-12. Retrieved 2011-04-23.
  4. ^ "Population and Housing Unit Estimates". Retrieved June 9, 2017.
  5. ^ "U.S. Decennial Census". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved July 29, 2014.
  6. ^ "Historical Census Browser". University of Virginia Library. Retrieved July 29, 2014.
  7. ^ "Population of Counties by Decennial Census: 1900 to 1990". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved July 29, 2014.
  8. ^ "Census 2000 PHC-T-4. Ranking Tables for Counties: 1990 and 2000" (PDF). United States Census Bureau. Retrieved July 29, 2014.
  9. ^ "American FactFinder". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved 2008-01-31.
  10. ^ http://uselectionatlas.org/RESULTS
  11. ^ a b "WOODSON COUNTY, KANSAS COUNTY HISTORY". genealogytrails.com. Retrieved 18 September 2017.

Further reading[edit]

External links[edit]

County
Maps

Coordinates: 37°53′N 95°44′W / 37.883°N 95.733°W / 37.883; -95.733