Woodstock (UK Parliament constituency)

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Oxfordshire, Mid or Woodstock Division
Former County constituency
for the House of Commons
18851918
Number of members one
Woodstock
Former Borough constituency
for the House of Commons
1553–1885
Number of members two to 1832, then one
Replaced by Banbury and Henley

Woodstock, sometimes called New Woodstock, was a parliamentary constituency in the United Kingdom. It comprised the town of Woodstock in the county of Oxfordshire and (from 1832) the surrounding countryside and villages, and elected two Members of Parliament from its re-enfranchisement in 1553 until 1832. From 1832 until its abolition in 1885, the parliamentary borough elected only one member.

In 1885, the Woodstock borough was abolished but the name was transferred to a county constituency, one of the three divisions into which the previous Oxfordshire constituency had been divided; this constituency was alternatively called Mid Oxfordshire. In 1918, Oxfordshire lost one county seat, and the Woodstock constituency was divided between Banbury and Henley.

Members of Parliament[edit]

1553–1640[edit]

Parliament First member Second member
1553 (Oct) William Cooke Sir Ralph Chamberlain[1]
1554 (Apr) Sir Ralph Chamberlain William Johnson [1]
1554 (Nov) Anthony Restwold George Chamberlain [1]
1571 Thomas Peniston Martin Johnson [2]
1572 George Whiton Martin Johnson [2]
1584 Lawrence Tanfield Henry Unton [2]
1586 Lawrence Tanfield Francis Stonor [2]
1588 Lawrence Tanfield John Lee [2]
1593 Lawrence Tanfield John Lee [2]
1597 Lawrence Tanfield John Lee [2]
1601 Lawrence Tanfield William Scott [2]
1604 Sir Richard Lee Thomas Spencer
1614 Sir James Whitelocke Sir Philip Cary
1621 Sir James Whitelocke Sir Philip Cary
1624 Sir Philip Cary William Lenthall
1625 Sir Philip Cary Sir Gerard Fleetwood
1626 Edward Tavernor Sir Gerard Fleetwood
1628 Edward Tavernor Sir Miles Fleetwood
1629–1640 No Parliaments summoned

1640–1832[edit]

Year First member First party Second member Second party
April 1640 William Lenthall Parliamentarian William Fleetwood
November 1640 Hon. William Herbert [3] Royalist
December 1640 Sir Robert Pye Parliamentarian
December 1648 Pye excluded in Pride's Purge – seat vacant
1653 Woodstock was unrepresented in the Barebones Parliament
1654 Lieutenant General Charles Fleetwood Woodstock had only one seat in the First and
Second Parliaments of the Protectorate
1656 Major General William Packer
January 1659 Sir Jerome Sankey Miles Fleetwood
May 1659 William Lenthall One seat vacant
April 1660 Sir Thomas Spencer Edward Atkyns
1661 Sir William Fleetwood
1674 Thomas Howard
1679 Sir Littleton Osbaldeston Nicholas Bayntun
1681 Henry Bertie
1685 Richard Bertie Sir Littleton Osbaldeston
1689 Sir Thomas Littleton Sir John D'Oyly
1690 Thomas Wheate
1695 James Bertie
1702 Sir William Glynne
1705 Lieutenant General William Cadogan Whig Hon. Charles Bertie
1708 Sir Thomas Wheate
1716 William Clayton
1721 Charles Crisp
1722 Samuel Trotman Sir Thomas Wheate
1727 Marquess of Blandford Whig
1732 Hon. John Spencer
1734 James Dawkins
1746 Hon. John Trevor, KC
1747 John Bateman
1753 Anthony Keck
1767 Hon. William Gordon
1768 Lord Robert Spencer
1771 John Skynner
1774 William Eden
1777 Viscount Parker Tory
1784 Sir Henry Dashwood Tory Francis Burton
1790 Lord Henry Spencer
1795 The Lord Lavington
1799 Charles Moore
1802 Charles Abbot Speaker
1806 Hon. William Eden
1810 Hon. George Eden Whig
1812 William Thornton
1813 Hon. George Eden Whig
1814 William Thornton
1818 Lord Robert Spencer
1820 John Gladstone Tory James Langston
1826 Marquess of Blandford Tory Lord Ashley Tory
1830 Lord Charles Spencer-Churchill Tory
1831 Viscount Stormont Tory
1832 Constituency abolished

1832–1918[edit]

Year Member Party
1832 George Spencer-Churchill, Marquess of Blandford Conservative
1835 Lord Charles Spencer-Churchill Conservative
1837 Henry Peyton Conservative
1838 George Spencer-Churchill, Marquess of Blandford Conservative
1840 Frederic Thesiger Conservative
1844 John Spencer-Churchill, Marquess of Blandford Conservative
May 1845 John Loftus, Viscount Loftus Conservative
December 1845 Lord Alfred Spencer-Churchill Conservative
1847 John Spencer-Churchill, Marquess of Blandford Conservative
1857 Lord Alfred Spencer-Churchill Conservative
1865 Henry Barnett Conservative
1874 Lord Randolph Churchill Conservative
1885 Francis William Maclean Liberal
1886 Liberal Unionist
1891 George Herbert Morrell Conservative
1892 Godfrey Benson Liberal
1895 George Herbert Morrell Conservative
1906 Ernest Bennett Liberal
January 1910 Alfred Hamersley Conservative
1918 Constituency abolished

Elections[edit]

Decades:

Elections in the 1850s[edit]

General Election 1852: Woodstock[4]
Party Candidate Votes % ±
Conservative John Spencer-Churchill Unopposed
Registered electors 347
Conservative hold
General Election 1857: Woodstock[4]
Party Candidate Votes % ±
Conservative John Spencer-Churchill Unopposed
Registered electors 336
Conservative hold

Spencer-Churchill succeeded to the peerage, becoming 7th Duke of Marlborough and causing a by-election.

By-election, 24 July 1857: Woodstock[4]
Party Candidate Votes % ±
Conservative Alfred Spencer-Churchill Unopposed
Conservative hold
General Election 1859: Woodstock[4]
Party Candidate Votes % ±
Conservative Alfred Spencer-Churchill Unopposed
Registered electors 310
Conservative hold

Elections in the 1860s[edit]

General Election 1865: Woodstock[4]
Party Candidate Votes % ±
Conservative Henry Barnett 143 54.6 N/A
Liberal Mitchell Henry 119 45.4 N/A
Majority 24 9.2 N/A
Turnout 262 91.6 N/A
Registered electors 286
Conservative hold Swing N/A
General Election 1868: Woodstock[4]
Party Candidate Votes % ±
Conservative Henry Barnett 502 51.1 −3.5
Liberal George Charles Brodrick 481 48.9 +3.5
Majority 21 2.1 −7.1
Turnout 983 87.2 −4.4
Registered electors 1,127
Conservative hold Swing −3.5

Elections in the 1870s[edit]

General Election 1874: Woodstock[4]
Party Candidate Votes % ±
Conservative Randolph Churchill 569 58.5 +7.4
Liberal George Charles Brodrick[5] 404 41.5 −7.4
Majority 165 17.0 +14.9
Turnout 973 90.8 +3.6
Registered electors 1,071
Conservative hold Swing +7.4

Elections in the 1880s[edit]

General Election 1880: Woodstock[4]
Party Candidate Votes % ±
Conservative Randolph Churchill 512 53.1 −5.4
Liberal William Hall[6] 452 46.9 +5.4
Majority 60 6.2 −10.8
Turnout 964 90.9 +0.1
Registered electors 1,060
Conservative hold Swing −5.4

Churchill was appointed Secretary of State for India, requiring a by-election.

By-election, 6 July 1885: Woodstock[4]
Party Candidate Votes % ±
Conservative Randolph Churchill 532 56.8 +3.7
Liberal Corrie Grant 405 43.2 −3.7
Majority 127 13.6 +7.4
Turnout 937 86.4 −4.5
Registered electors 1,084
Conservative hold Swing +3.7
General Election 1885: Woodstock[7]
Party Candidate Votes % ±
Liberal Francis William Maclean 4,327 51.1 +4.2
Conservative Arthur Annesley 4,138 48.9 −4.2
Majority 189 2.2 N/A
Turnout 8,465 84.5 −6.4
Registered electors 10,012
Liberal gain from Conservative Swing +4.2
General Election 1886: Woodstock[7]
Party Candidate Votes % ±
Liberal Unionist Francis William Maclean Unopposed
Liberal Unionist gain from Liberal

Elections in the 1890s[edit]

Maclean resigned after being appointed a Master in Lunacy.

Morrell
By-election, 21 Apr 1891: Woodstock[7]
Party Candidate Votes % ±
Conservative George Herbert Morrell 4,448 54.2 N/A
Liberal Godfrey Benson 3,760 45.8 N/A
Majority 688 8.4 N/A
Turnout 8,208 84.4 N/A
Registered electors 9,725
Conservative hold
General Election 1892: Woodstock[7]
Party Candidate Votes % ±
Liberal Godfrey Benson 4,278 50.7 N/A
Conservative George Herbert Morrell 4,167 49.3 N/A
Majority 111 1.4 N/A
Turnout 8,445 86.6 N/A
Registered electors 9,756
Liberal gain from Liberal Unionist Swing N/A
General Election 1895: Woodstock[7]
Party Candidate Votes % ±
Conservative George Herbert Morrell 4,669 55.5 +6.2
Liberal Godfrey Benson 3,740 44.5 -6.2
Majority 929 11.0 N/A
Turnout 8,409 86.1 -0.5
Registered electors 9,767
Conservative gain from Liberal Swing +6.2

Elections in the 1900s[edit]

General Election 1900: Woodstock[7]
Party Candidate Votes % ±
Conservative George Herbert Morrell Unopposed
Conservative hold
General Election 1906: Woodstock[7]
Party Candidate Votes % ±
Liberal Ernest Bennett 4,585 52.5 N/A
Conservative George Herbert Morrell 4,144 47.5 N/A
Majority 441 5.0 N/A
Turnout 8,729 87.4 N/A
Registered electors 9,985
Liberal gain from Conservative

Elections in the 1910s[edit]

General Election January 1910: Woodstock[7]
Party Candidate Votes % ±
Conservative Alfred Hamersley 5,098 53.8 +6.3
Liberal Ernest Bennett 4,378 46.2 -6.3
Majority 720 7.6 12.6
Turnout 90.0 +2.6
Registered electors 10,525
Conservative gain from Liberal Swing +6.3
General Election December 1910: Woodstock [7]
Party Candidate Votes % ±
Conservative Alfred Hamersley 4,773 52.1 -1.7
Liberal Ernest Bennett 4,381 47.9 +1.7
Turnout 9,154 87.0 -3.0
Majority 392 4.2 -3.4
Registered electors 10,525
Conservative hold Swing -1.7

General Election 1914/15:

Another General Election was required to take place before the end of 1915. The political parties had been making preparations for an election to take place and by the July 1914, the following candidates had been selected;

  • Unionist: Henderson
  • Liberal:

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b c "History of Parliament". History of Parliament Trust. Retrieved 2011-10-13. 
  2. ^ a b c d e f g h "History of Parliament". History of Parliament Trust. Retrieved 2011-10-13. 
  3. ^ Herbert was also elected for Monmouthshire, which he chose to represent, and did not sit for Woodstock
  4. ^ a b c d e f g h i Craig, F. W. S., ed. (1977). British Parliamentary Election Results 1832-1885 (e-book) (1st ed.). London: Macmillan Press. pp. 340–341. ISBN 978-1-349-02349-3. 
  5. ^ "Advertisements & Notices". Oxford Journal. 7 February 1874. p. 3. Retrieved 23 January 2018 – via British Newspaper Archive. (Subscription required (help)). 
  6. ^ "Liberal Meeting at Kidlington". Oxford Journal. 20 March 1880. p. 7. Retrieved 15 December 2017 – via British Newspaper Archive. (Subscription required (help)). 
  7. ^ a b c d e f g h i Craig, F. W. S., ed. (1974). British Parliamentary Election Results: 1885-1918. London: Macmillan Press. p. 371. ISBN 9781349022984. 
  • Robert Beatson, A Chronological Register of Both Houses of Parliament (London: Longman, Hurst, Res & Orme, 1807) [1]
  • D Brunton & D H Pennington, Members of the Long Parliament (London: George Allen & Unwin, 1954)
  • Cobbett's Parliamentary history of England, from the Norman Conquest in 1066 to the year 1803 (London: Thomas Hansard, 1808) [2]
  • The Constitutional Year Book for 1913 (London: National Union of Conservative and Unionist Associations, 1913)
  • F W S Craig, British Parliamentary Election Results 1832–1885 (2nd edition, Aldershot: Parliamentary Research Services, 1989)
  • J Holladay Philbin, Parliamentary Representation 1832 – England and Wales (New Haven: Yale University Press, 1965)
  • Leigh Rayment's Historical List of MPs – Constituencies beginning with "W" (part 5)