Woodville railway station, Adelaide
|Line(s)||Grange Line, Outer Harbor Line|
|Distance||7.5 km from Adelaide|
|Bus routes||Largs Bay (Port Road)|
Woodville railway station is the junction station for the Grange and Outer Harbor lines with the lines diverging immediately north of the station. Situated in the western Adelaide suburb of Woodville, it is 7.5 kilometres from Adelaide station.
It has auto pedestrian gates and lights, the only location with these lights on the line. Platform 3 has a small kiosk that sells refreshments and tickets, built around 2006.
Woodville station was one of the original stations on the Adelaide to Port Adelaide railway, which opened in April 1856. The only other intermediate stations on the new line were at Bowden and Alberton.
In the early days, Adelaide to Port Adelaide was a single-track railway and a passing loop was provided at Woodville. As traffic on the line increased, the single track was duplicated throughout in 1881.
In September 1882, a line was opened from Woodville to Grange, built by the Grange Railway and Investment Company. Unlike the Adelaide to Port Adelaide route, which was built and operated by the South Australian Government, the Grange line was a private venture, constructed to tap into potential development in the area between Woodville and the coast. The new line ran into a bay platform at Woodville. Although there was a connection to the main line, it was not possible for Grange line trains to conveniently continue to Adelaide.
The Grange railway company, with its rolling stock of two locomotives and four carriages, was not a financial success and was forced to operate on a shoestring budget right from the start. Following its collapse, the South Australian Railways took over operation in 1891, using a steam tram in place of the more conventional locomotive and carriages. The Grange line was fully bought out by the State Government in 1893, and in 1894 was extended from Grange southwards to Henley Beach along Military Road.
Following modifications to the track layout at Woodville in 1909, it became possible for trains from the Henley Beach and Grange line to travel through to Adelaide.
The 1920s and 1930s saw significant development of heavy industry in Woodville and the neighbouring areas. For example, Holdens Motor Body Builders (later General Motors Holden) built a factory in the fork between the Grange and Outer Harbor lines. Sidings were laid to service the factory and Holdens station opened in 1928 a short way along the Grange line. Cars were dispatched by rail from Holdens' sidings. The Grange line also serviced the Cheltenham Racecourse station for Saturday horse racing events up until the 1960s.
The Finsbury line was opened in September 1940 and departed from the main line at Woodville. It headed in a northerly direction and serviced a wartime munitions works at Cheltenham Park and a Government Supply Depot at Finsbury. The line continued through Pennington to join the Dry Creek-Port Adelaide railway at Gillman Junction.
The layout at Woodville station was altered in 1942 when a new platform face was constructed on the north-east side of today’s Platform 3 to serve Finsbury trains. The original 1856 station building on the Port Adelaide-bound platform was demolished and a new signal cabin was provided adjacent to the Woodville Road level crossing.
The Hendon line was a short branch that diverged from the Grange line at Albert Park and ran 1.1 kilometres to Hendon munitions works opening in November 1940. There were no intermediate stations. Following the closure of the munitions factories after the war, the Finsbury line continued to provide limited passenger services to post-war factories established in the obsolete munitions factories, one of these was the South Australian Brush Company at Hendon.
Both of these industrial lines had limited passenger services, designed mainly to cater for workers at factories in the vicinity. After the end of World War II there were no off-peak trains, or weekend services after Saturday lunchtime.
The Woodville to Henley Beach branch was cut back to Old Grange on 1 September 1957. The Finsbury line closed on 17 August 1979 and the Hendon line on 1 February 1980.
All of these lines are now long dismantled and it is hard to find any trace of where they ran. The Islamic Arabic Centre & Al-Khalil Mosque on Torrens Road, Woodville North stands where the extensive Woodville North station platform used to stand until the 1980s.
Services by platform
For many years the Grange line was operated by a shuttle service train at weekends and in the evenings. This terminated at Platform 1 and made connections with Outer Harbor line trains to and from Adelaide. However, since about 1996, all Grange trains have operated through to Adelaide.
|1||Grange||all stops services to Grange|
|2||Outer Harbor||all stops services to Outer Harbor||some peak hour services terminate at Osborne|
|3||Grange||all stops services to Adelaide|
|Outer Harbor||all stops services to Adelaide||some peak hour services runs express from Woodville to Adelaide|
|Bus Transfers: Stop 222 (Woodville Road)|
|Route No.||Destination & Route Details|
|Bus Transfers: Stop 21 (Port Road)|
|Route No.||Destination & Route Details|
||Adelaide Airport via Findon Road|
||Osborne via Port Road|
||West Lakes via West Lakes Boulevard|
||Largs Bay via West Lakes|
- Rails Through Swamp and Sand – A History of the Port Adelaide Railway. M. Thompson pub. Port Dock Station Railway Museum (1988) ISBN 0-9595073-6-1
Media related to Woodville railway station, Adelaide at Wikimedia Commons