Woolloongabba

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Woolloongabba
BrisbaneQueensland
Woolloongabba Post Office (former), 1905.JPG
Former post office on Stanley Street in Woolloongabba.
Woolloongabba is located in Queensland
Woolloongabba
Woolloongabba
Coordinates 27°29′28″S 153°02′18″E / 27.49111°S 153.03833°E / -27.49111; 153.03833Coordinates: 27°29′28″S 153°02′18″E / 27.49111°S 153.03833°E / -27.49111; 153.03833
Population 4,789 (2011 census)[1]
 • Density 2,000/km2 (5,170/sq mi)
Postcode(s) 4102[2]
Area 2.4 km2 (0.9 sq mi)
Location 2 km (1 mi) SE of CBD[3]
LGA(s) City of Brisbane
(The Gabba Ward)[4]
State electorate(s) South Brisbane
Federal Division(s) Griffith
Suburbs around Woolloongabba:
South Brisbane Kangaroo Point East Brisbane
Dutton Park Woolloongabba Coorparoo
Fairfield Annerley Greenslopes

Woolloongabba is a suburb of Brisbane, Australia.[5] It is located 2 kilometres (1.2 mi) south-east of the CBD,[3] and contains the Brisbane Cricket Ground ('the Gabba') and the Princess Alexandra Hospital. It is crossed by several major roads including the Pacific Motorway. The suburb was once home to a large tram depot.

Toponymy[edit]

Experts are divided regarding the Aboriginal meaning of the name, preferring either 'whirling waters' (woolloon and capemm) or 'fight talk place' (woolloon and gabba).[6]

Because the area was low-lying and swampy, it was known as the One Mile Swamp. Although this name appears to be unofficial, it was in common use until the early 1890s.[7]

History[edit]

Diamantina Hospital for Chronic Diseases, 1920
Gabba Fiveways, 1929

The suburb has a significant link to the history of transport in Brisbane. Between 1884 and 1969 the main railway locomotive depot for lines south of the Brisbane River was beside Stanley St. It was reached via a line that ran beside Stanley St, then crossing it, Logan Road and Ipswich Road to the main line at Dutton Park. By the 1960s services from the depot were causing significant delays to traffic as they crossed these three major roads.

The suburb was served by horse-drawn trams from 1885 to 1897, which were replaced by electric trams, which in turn ceased operation on 13 April 1969. All but one of Brisbane's trolleybus routes traversed the suburb, from 1953 to 1969. The Woolloongabba Fiveways (the intersection of Stanley Street, Main Street, Logan Road and Ipswich Road) was a complex junction with tram and railway lines, and tram and trolleybus overhead. Trams were controlled by a signalman, who operated the points (or switches) from a signal cabin near the eastern side of the junction. Trains were escorted across the junction by a flagman. Curiously, Queensland Railways always referred to the branch line as the Wooloongabba Branch, spelt with only one 'l'.[8]

From 1927 until 1969 the largest of the Brisbane City Council's tram depots was on Ipswich Road, opposite the Princess Alexandra Hospital. It was also used by the council's buses.

In early 1942 the first Coca-Cola bottling plant in Australia was built in Woolloongabba at 36-39 Balaclava Street.[9] It was originally designed to supply the demands of the newly arrived US military personnel, but later expanded production to the local Australian market.

Attractions[edit]

Main entrance to the Princess Alexandra Hospital, 2010
The Pacific Motorway in Woolloongabba, 2006

The suburb is home to the Brisbane Cricket Ground known as "The Gabba", and the Princess Alexandra Hospital. Woolloongabba has many apartment buildings due to river views, and the suburb's proximity to the Brisbane central business district and South Bank Parklands. The Norman Hotel is a local landmark that has served customers since 1890.[10] The head office of the Queensland Justices Assosciation is located in Woolloongabba.[11]

Heritage listings[edit]

Woolloongabba has a number of heritage-listed sites, including:

Places of Worship[edit]

Woolloongabba is home to a number of places of worship, particularly Eastern European churches, including:

  • Serbian Orthodox Church of Saint Nicholas (Ross Street)[25]
  • Holy Trinity Anglican Church (Hawthorne Street)[26]
  • Finnish Lutheran Church in Brisbane (Hawthorne Street)[27]
  • Holy Annunciation Orthodox Church (Park Road)[28]
  • Protection of the Mother of God Ukrainian Catholic Church (Broadway Street)[29]
  • New Apostolic Church (Qualtrough Street)[30]
  • Darul Uloom Islamic Academy of Brisbane (Agnes Street)[31]
  • South Brisbane Seventh-day Adventist Church (O'Keefe Street)[32]

Sport and recreation[edit]

See Brisbane Cricket Ground.

Demographics[edit]

In the 2011 census, the population of Woolloongabba was 4,789, 46.8% female and 53.2% male. The median age of the Woolloongabba population was 31 years, 6 years below the Australian median. 55% of people living in Woolloongabba were born in Australia, compared to the national average of 69.8%; the next most common countries of birth were New Zealand 3.2%, India 3.1%, England 2.8%, Korea, Republic of 2.6%, China 2.5%. 62.6% of people spoke only English at home; the next most common languages were 3.3% Mandarin, 2.8% Vietnamese, 2.5% Korean, 2.1% Cantonese, 1.2% Greek.

Transport[edit]

The Pacific Motorway cuts through the suburb with an exit south into Vulture Street and a Stanley Street exit for vehicles heading north. Additionally, there is an entrance to the Clem Jones Tunnel in the suburb on Ipswich road.

Public Transport[edit]

Trains service the suburb with stops at Park Road railway station and Buranda railway station. The South-East Busway also runs through Woolloongabba, with stops at Woolloongabba Busway Station and Buranda Busway station. The high-frequency Maroon CityGlider bus service also stops here.

Taxis[edit]

There is a major taxi depot in Woolloongabba.[33]

References[edit]

  1. ^ Australian Bureau of Statistics (31 October 2012). "Woolloongabba, Qld (State Suburb)". 2011 Census QuickStats. Retrieved 10 October 2013. 
  2. ^ "Find a postcode". Australia Post. Retrieved 19 January 2014. 
  3. ^ a b Centre for the Government of Queensland. "Carina". Retrieved 26 October 2013. 
  4. ^ "The Gabba Ward". Brisbane City Council. Brisbane City Council. Retrieved 19 March 2017. 
  5. ^ "Woolloongabba (entry 44358)". Queensland Place Names. Queensland Government. Retrieved 13 September 2015. 
  6. ^ Our Brisbane History
  7. ^ "A SOUTH BRISBANE REMINISCENCE.". The Brisbane Courier. National Library of Australia. 16 February 1907. p. 3. Retrieved 6 March 2011. 
  8. ^ "The Wooloongabba Branch" Milne, Rod Australian Railway History, August 2004 pp283-301
  9. ^ "Coca-Cola Factory – BALACLAVA STREET – WOOLLOONGABBA, BRISBANE, QUEENSLAND – DURING WW2" Oz At War
  10. ^ Tony Moore (5 June 2010). "Hotel with a past". Brisbane Times. Retrieved 10 July 2010. 
  11. ^ "Queensland Justices Assosciation". 
  12. ^ "Princess Theatre (entry 600353)". Queensland Heritage Register. Queensland Heritage Council. Retrieved 6 July 2013. 
  13. ^ "Former Dispenser's House, Diamantina Hospital (entry 602560)". Queensland Heritage Register. Queensland Heritage Council. Retrieved 6 July 2013. 
  14. ^ "Holy Trinity Anglican Church (entry 601875)". Queensland Heritage Register. Queensland Heritage Council. Retrieved 6 July 2013. 
  15. ^ "Norman Hotel (entry 602539)". Queensland Heritage Register. Queensland Heritage Council. Retrieved 6 July 2013. 
  16. ^ "Taylor-Heaslop Building (former) (entry 602190)". Queensland Heritage Register. Queensland Heritage Council. Retrieved 6 July 2013. 
  17. ^ "Broadway Hotel (entry 600354)". Queensland Heritage Register. Queensland Heritage Council. Retrieved 6 July 2013. 
  18. ^ "Woolloongabba Police Station (former) (entry 601382)". Queensland Heritage Register. Queensland Heritage Council. Retrieved 6 July 2013. 
  19. ^ "Shop Row (entry 600355)". Queensland Heritage Register. Queensland Heritage Council. Retrieved 6 July 2013. 
  20. ^ "Hillyards Shop House (entry 601059)". Queensland Heritage Register. Queensland Heritage Council. Retrieved 6 July 2013. 
  21. ^ "Pollock's Shop House (entry 600356)". Queensland Heritage Register. Queensland Heritage Council. Retrieved 6 July 2013. 
  22. ^ "Phoenix Building (entry 600300)". Queensland Heritage Register. Queensland Heritage Council. Retrieved 6 July 2013. 
  23. ^ "Woolloongaba Post Office (former) (entry 600357)". Queensland Heritage Register. Queensland Heritage Council. Retrieved 6 July 2013. 
  24. ^ "Woolloongabba Air Raid Shelter (entry 602477)". Queensland Heritage Register. Queensland Heritage Council. Retrieved 6 July 2013. 
  25. ^ "Serbian Orthodox Church St Nicholas, Ross St Woolloongabba". www.socgabba.org. Retrieved 2017-05-02. 
  26. ^ "Home". Holy Trinity Anglican Church Woolloongabba. Retrieved 2017-05-02. 
  27. ^ "HOME - Lutheran Church of Australia". Lutheran Church of Australia. Retrieved 2017-05-02. 
  28. ^ "Holy Annunciation Orthodox Church: Brisbane's English-language Orthodox parish". Holy Annunciation Orthodox Church: Brisbane's English-language Orthodox parish. Retrieved 2017-05-02. 
  29. ^ "Brisbane - Ukrainian Catholic Church". Ukrainian Catholic Church. Retrieved 2017-05-02. 
  30. ^ "Locations - New Apostolic Church - Australia District". www.newapostolic.org.au. Retrieved 2017-05-02. 
  31. ^ "Darululoom Brisbane Madrasah | Darul Uloom Islamic Academy of Brisbane". darululoom.com.au. Retrieved 2017-05-02. 
  32. ^ Church, South Brisbane Seventh-day Adventist. "South Brisbane Seventh-day Adventist Church - Home". southbrisbane.adventist.org.au. Retrieved 2017-05-02. 
  33. ^ "Contact Us - Yellow Cabs Brisbane". www.yellowcab.com.au. Retrieved 2017-05-02. 

Sources[edit]

  1. Clark, H. and Keenan D6, "Brisbane Tramways – The Last Decade", Transit Press, 1977 (Reprinted 1985). ISBN 0-909338-01-9
  2. Cole J., "Shaping a City: Greater Brisbane 1925-1985", Brisbane 1984
  3. Deskins R., Hyde P. and Struble C., "Slow at Frog – A Short History of the Brisbane Trolleybus System", Brisbane Tramway Museum Society, 2006. ISBN 0-9597322-2-5
  4. Kerr J. and Armstrong J., "Destination South Brisbane", Australian Railway Historical Society, second edition 1984. ISBN 0-909937-09-5

External links[edit]