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Woolton (locally //; WUHL-ton) is an affluent suburb of Liverpool. Located to the southeast of the city, it is bordered by the suburbs of Allerton, Gateacre, and Hunt's Cross, as well as the town of Halewood. At the 2011 Census, the population was 12,921.
Originally a standalone village, Woolton was incorporated into Liverpool in 1913. The area was referred to as "Uluentune" in the Domesday Book, with the name translating as "farm of Wulfa". Shortly after the Domesday survey, which was completed in 1086, Woolton became part of the Barony of Halton and Widnes. In 1189, a charge was granted by John, Constable of Chester, to the order of Knights of St. John of Jerusalem, a religious order who protected the routes for Christians on a pilgrimage to the Holy Land. The Knights held land in Woolton for over 350 years, until it was confiscated from them in 1559 by Queen Elizabeth I. The manorial rights to Woolton passed from Queen Elizabeth to James I, who sold them to William Stanley, 6th Earl of Derby. Woolton then passed to Isaac Green, then his daughter, then her son Bamber Gascoyne of Childwall (MP for Liverpool 1780–1796 and an ancestor of longtime University Challenge host Bamber Gascoigne), and is now owned by the Marquess of Salisbury.
Woolton is a prestigious middle-class suburb. Housing is primarily semi-detached and detached, although some well-preserved terraces survive in Woolton Village. Pubs in the village include The Cobden, The Elephant, The Grapes, The Victoria, and The White Horse, with more within walking distance. Like many pubs in Liverpool, The Victoria does its part to keep the local music scene alive with performances from bands. Other notable buildings include the Victorian swimming baths and the public library, which was converted from a Methodist chapel but closed in 2012 as part of Liverpool City Council's cost-cutting measures.
Many Beatles landmarks can be found in Woolton, including Mendips (John Lennon's childhood home) and Strawberry Field. Another one of Woolton's claims to fame is that Lennon first met Paul McCartney at St. Peter's garden fete on 6 July 1957. Woolton has a number of churches, including three Christian churches in Woolton Village: St. Peter's Church of England is located opposite its church hall, and St. Mary's Roman Catholic Church is found nearby, as is St. James's Methodist. Bob Paisley, notable Liverpool FC manager from 1974 to 1983, was buried in the churchyard of St Peter's after his death in February 1996. St. Julie's Catholic High School is located in Woolton.
- Mendips (251 Menlove Avenue)
- St Peter's Church
- Strawberry Field
- Woolton Hall
- Woolton Picture House
- Woolton Woods and Camphill
Hunts Cross Station is the nearest railway station on the southern boundary of Woolton, with local services on the southern route of the Manchester to Liverpool line between Liverpool Lime Street and Manchester Oxford Road, and also Merseyrail's Northern Line to Liverpool Central and Southport. Liverpool South Parkway, one and a half miles to the west of Woolton, serves the same lines in addition to Crewe and Birmingham stopping services. Bus services provide connections with Liverpool John Lennon Airport, the city centre, neighbouring districts and the broader Liverpool area.
The elected councillors for Woolton are Cllrs Mark Norris (Labour), Colin McAlley (Labour), and Barbara Mace (Liberal Democrat).
- Ernest Alexander, recipient of the Victoria Cross, born in Woolton
- Joe Baker, England international footballer, born in Woolton
- Malandra Burrows, actress and singer, born and raised in Woolton
- Jodie Comer, actress, raised in nearby Childwall and attended St. Julie's
- Amy Jackson, actress, raised in Woolton
- Katarina Johnson-Thompson, track and field athlete, raised in Woolton and attended St. Julie's
- John Lennon, singer, musician, and songwriter (the Beatles), raised in Woolton
- Rex Makin, solicitor, lived in Woolton
- Matthew Murphy, singer, musician, and songwriter (the Wombats), born and raised in Woolton
- Simon O'Brien, presenter and actor, lives in Woolton
- Simon Rimmer, celebrity chef, owns the Elephant Pub & Bakehouse
- Willy Russell, playwright, lives in Woolton
- 2011 Census: Woolton (Ward), Office for National Statistics, retrieved 27 May 2013
- "Woolton Introduction". 2004. Retrieved 30 April 2013.
- "Rental of Much Woolton". (MS) in Salisbury Papers. 1658. Cite journal requires
- "Maps of Woolton". 2004. Retrieved 30 June 2011.
- "Brief History of Much Woolton". 2004. Retrieved 30 June 2011.
- Daugherty, Brian, Woolton, Liverpool, retrieved 15 April 2008
- The Beatle Source, The Savage Young Beatles, retrieved 15 April 2008
- "Bob Paisley". www.findagrave.com. Retrieved 28 January 2016.
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