Wooroloo, Western Australia
|Population||254 (2006 census)|
|Elevation||330 m (1,083 ft)|
|Location||61 km (38 mi) from Perth|
|LGA(s)||Shire of Mundaring|
|State electorate(s)||Swan Hills|
Wooroloo is a town on the outer fringe of the Perth metropolitan area, located off Great Eastern Highway in the eastern part of the Shire of Mundaring. At the 2006 census, Wooroloo had a population of 254.
The name comes from a Noongar Aboriginal word that was first recorded in 1841, with other spellings also used. A timber mill operated by Byfield Brothers commenced operations in the 1880s, and Byfield's Mill was established as a railway stopping place for the Eastern Railway in 1893, being renamed to Wooroloo in 1897.
A school opened on 22 August 1903 with 22 children and one teacher, and a community hall was built with help from residents of nearby Chidlow in 1904, and the townsite of Wooroloo was declared in 1913.
A sanatorium for people with tuberculosis and leprosy was built in 1915, but by the 1960s the sanatorium was no longer required and the institution became a general hospital for the surrounding district. The facility was subsequently converted into a prison after Corrective Services took over the site in 1972.
In 1970, Ray Williams, a Perth businessman, travelled around the world looking for what he considered to be the perfect horse to breed and cross with Australian horses. He decided upon Andalusian horses after seeing them at an equestrian show in London, and subsequently travelled to Jerez de la Frontera, Spain and in September 1971 bought the stallion "Bodeguero" and five purebred mares. He then started the first Andalusian stud in Australia at Wooroloo, "Bodeguero Stud", which in 1974 was incorporated into El Caballo Blanco, now El Caballo Resort.
Wooroloo contains a community hall, liquor and general store, post office and primary school (1903), and is also home to El Caballo Resort, with a convention centre and 18-hole golf course, as well as horse dressage displays.
The town is the site of two major prisons in the Western Australian prison system, the minimum-security Wooroloo Prison and the medium-security Acacia Prison. The pool at Wooroloo Prison is open to local residents.
The population in 1991 was 761, and in 1996 was 853.
- Australian Bureau of Statistics (25 October 2007). "Wooroloo (L) (Urban Centre/Locality)". 2006 Census QuickStats. Retrieved 25 July 2011.
- Western Australian Land Information Authority. "History of country town names – w". Retrieved 17 January 2007.
- Shire of Mundaring. "Halls, Pavilions and Recreation Centres". Archived from the original on 2006-09-19. Retrieved 2006-11-17.
- Andalusian Horse Association of Australasia (2004). "Association History". Archived from the original on 2006-08-21. Retrieved 2006-11-17.
- Eastern 98 timetable, Transperth, effective 10 July 2003. Accessed 2006-11-12
- Elliot, Ian (1983) Mundaring - A History of the Shire ISBN 0-9592776-0-9
- Spillman, Ken (2003) Life was meant to be here: community and local government in the Shire of Mundaring ISBN 0-9592776-3-3